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Justifications for WW1

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Justifications for WWI By Marco Vitali In June 1914, a series of incidents took place which, added to the already-present tensions between factions, would "light the fuse to World War I." While Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria, and his wife were on a royal visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, Garvilo Princip, a member of a Serbian terrorist organization called Narodna Odbrana or Black Hand, who wanted to get rid of Austrian rule and unite Bosnia with Serbia, shot and killed both Franz Ferdinand and his wife. In most history books this is regarded as the spark that ignited World War I and in fact that's probably the case, but it has to be said that looking at this war with hindsight it is particularly difficult to find a transparent reason for it. Meaning that World War II, for example, was the consequence of ethical and cultural differences, the willingness to install a new world order and more importantly a new moral order. ...read more.


Serbia in particular had the objective of reuniting under one flag all the territories populated by Serbians and Croatians. Unfortunately for them, their neighbors to the North had different ideas. Austria-Hungary had no intention to allow Serbia to gain political strength and tried all they could to avoid this, including supporting the creation of Albania that had the objective of impairing Serbia's ability to reach the Adriatic Sea. This weakened Serbia economically and hence politically. When Austria-Hungary started the war they possibly thought this was going to be a regional conflict with the objective of cooling down the Balkan's nationalistic sentiments.With all this in mind Austria-Hungary's justification comes across quite clearly: a) The importance of controlling the Balkans for the country's well-being, b) the threat represented by Serbia, and c) the terrorist groups sponsored by Serbia. Territorial reasons: Germany's justifications were related to the willingness of ruling Europe controlling it directly in its northern part and through their ally, Austria-Hungary, in the south. ...read more.


Economical reasons: This difficult relationship between England and Germany had different facets, one of them economical, which became a justification for entering the conflict. The industrial age had started not too long before. Both England and Germany had developed powerful industries and were competing for markets and more importantly for raw materials. Competing for markets meant not only selling their products but also their technology. Not surprisingly one of the contrasts, which also became a justification for the actions that followed, was related to the construction of the Baghdad railway and the ambition of both countries to be assigned the project. Even more important was the competition for raw materials, for example coal to generate power for the factories and textiles, cereals or minerals such as iron ore to be used to manufacture food, clothes or heavy equipment. Therefore, England's justification for entering the war based on: a) The need to reaffirm its economical superiority by b) leading the world industrially and financially through c) the control of the raw materials, the markets and the transportation routes such as the Suez canal. ...read more.

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