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Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963).

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President Kennedy Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963), was president of the United States from 1961 to 1963. He was the youngest man ever elected president and the youngest to die in office. He was shot and killed on Nov. 22, 1963, after two years and 10 months as chief executive. Early life. Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts, U.S.A. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy, was a self-made millionaire. John F. Kennedy graduated from Harvard University in 1940. Several months before the United States entered World War II in 1941, Kennedy enlisted in the U.S. Navy. Late in 1942, he was assigned to a patrol torpedo (PT) boat squadron and later learned to command one of the small craft. During his naval service in the South Pacific, Kennedy received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal. Kennedy began his political career in 1946, when he was elected to the House of Representatives. A Democrat, he was reelected to the House in 1948 and 1950. In 1952, he won election to the Senate by narrowly defeating incumbent Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. In 1956, he began working to be nominated for the 1960 presidential election. In 1958, he won reelection to the Senate. At the 1960 Democratic national convention, Kennedy won the party's presidential nomination on the first ballot. ...read more.


Cuba. On April 17, 1961, Cuban rebels, with U.S. help, invaded their homeland to overthrow Fidel Castro, the Communist-supported dictator. The assault ended in disaster. Kennedy accepted blame for this ill-fated Bay of Pigs Invasion. Another Cuban crisis erupted in October 1962, when the United States learned that the Soviet Union had installed missiles in Cuba capable of striking U.S. cities. Kennedy ordered the U.S. Navy to quarantine (blockade) Cuba. Navy ships were ordered to turn back ships delivering Soviet missiles to Cuba. For a week, war seemed likely. Then, Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev ordered all Soviet offensive missiles removed. The president then lifted the quarantine. See CUBA (The Cuban missile crisis). Berlin. In 1961, the Soviet Union threatened to give Communist East Germany control over the West's air and land supply routes to Berlin. The threat was part of a Soviet effort to end the combined American, British, and French control of West Berlin, begun when World War II ended. The Western nations opposed any threat to the freedom of West Berlin. In June 1961, Kennedy discussed Berlin with Khrushchev at a two-day meeting in Vienna, Austria. Nothing was settled, and the crisis deepened. Both countries increased their military strength. In August, the East Germans built a wall between East and West Berlin to prevent people from fleeing to the West. Kennedy called up about 145,000 members of the U.S. ...read more.


Police raced into the building, but could not find the killer. Then they began a search for an employee of the building who had left the scene a few minutes after the shooting. About 1.15 p.m., the employee, Lee Harvey Oswald, is said to have shot and killed a Dallas policeman while resisting arrest. Oswald was finally arrested in a theatre a short while later, and was charged with the murders of the president and the police officer. Oswald had once tried to become a Soviet citizen and had been active in the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a group that supported Cuba's Communist dictator Fidel Castro. Dallas police claimed that the evidence against Oswald was overwhelming, but he denied both murders. On Sunday, November 24, two days after Kennedy's assassination, Oswald was scheduled to be taken from the Dallas city jail to the county jail. As he was being led to an armoured car for the trip, a Dallas nightclub owner, Jack Ruby (or Rubinstein), stepped out of the crowd and shot and killed Oswald. The assassination controversy. The Warren Commission, headed by Earl Warren, chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, investigated Kennedy's assassination. In 1964, the commission reported that Oswald had acted alone. However, many critics disputed the findings. Many of them believed Oswald was part of a group that had planned to murder Kennedy. ...read more.

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