• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Loyalist and Nationalist communities still showopen hostility towards each other, as thedemonstrations at Holy Cross School in 2001shows.

Extracts from this document...


GCSE History Coursework Objective 1 and 2 'Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostility towards each other, as the demonstrations at Holy Cross School in 2001 shows. With reference to the following events, can you explain why? * The Easter Rising of 1916 and its aftermath to 1922 * The Civil Rights Marches and Bloody Sunday, 1968-1972 * The Enniskillen bomb, 1987 * The Omagh bomb, 1998 The problems surrounding Ireland today are due to many reasons. Four of these I shall have to look into each in great detail in order to find out their links to present day problems and why decommissioning has still not been achieved. The effect of Easter rising was similar to the effect of Omagh bombing as Protestants feared Catholic betrayal. This has led to decommissioning problems as both sides feel the need for arsenal to protect themselves. It is also linked to Bloody Sunday in 1968 as on both occasions, due to drastic mistakes from the British, support for Sinn Fein grew, and the prospect of a united Ireland became more appealing for the innocent Catholics. ...read more.


Obviously the problem of the British army was proven in the march of Bloody Sunday, in which innocent Catholic victims were shot and 'murdered' by the army. From this outbreak of violence there became a surge of revenge from Catholic communities, and therefore support for the IRA grew, and the violence started and has continued to the present day not only due to the IRA but also to the increasing support for 'splinter groups' such as the Real IRA. Bloody Sunday also lead to more problems. The Unionists felt betrayed by the British as the British Government felt that direct rule was still needed, which is remembered today, and has upset relations between the two countries. The Power sharing agreement failed in the year of 1974, as Unionists were scared of a Nationalist takeover, and therefore did not want an equal Ireland. In 1981, there was a hunger strike, in which Nationalists demanded specialist treatment once in prison. Once these special categories came to an end, the hunger strikes began and therefore there was huge support from Catholics for this. Both sides now as well as before feel the need for weapons to protect themselves against their opposition. ...read more.


As well as recent events, there have been long-term problems as well. Both Catholic and Protestants lead very different lives. They go to separate schools, and therefore get a completely different education and upbringing. They also live in different areas, and therefore if the communities are mixed, then they will have problems with bias behaviour, leading to jealousy and violence (the gerrymandering being a good example, as well as the violence shown to the Holy Cross School). Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have different economic issues as well. The north is more prosperous then the republic, and again there is a lot of bias problems in the sense that good jobs are given to Protestants in the North, leading to problems like civil rights marches, for instance, Bloody Sunday. Decommissioning cannot come to pass because as I have explained there is still active violence from both extreme groups towards each other, and therefore the need for armour grows with the increase in popularity of the parties. Finally I feel that there are still so many problems in Ireland because of the different parties involved governmentally. In my opinion, if extremists Sinn Fein and the DUP had not become recognised governmental parties, but the UUP and SDLP had, there would not have been so much promoted violence in Ireland, and the peace process would have been an easier option. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    In 1844, O'Connell was arrested for language judged to be an incitement to violence. His time in prison left him sapped and demoralised. Over the next two years, O'Connell's apparent weakness was coupled with arguments within the Repeal movement, and Peel's continuing policy of combating Repeal with concessions, such as

  2. The Easter Rising.

    The British Government recruited about 7,000 ex-soldiers to form a special force nicknamed the 'Black and Tans' to support the RIC and end the IRA's violence. They were brutal in their methods. The Auxiliaries were created in 1920 to replace those officers who were resigning from the RIC.

  1. Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday agreement of 1998. Loyalist ...

    Unionists feel angry over the changes made over the police and that the demands are excessive, however Sinn Fein feels oppositely and that there have not been enough. The Easter rising of 1916 and the civil war up to 1922 was and is interpreted in many ways.

  2. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    In 1929 Prime Minister Craig abolished proportional representation and went for the British first past the post system that favoured majorities. This was against the Anglo-Irish treaty but the British government didn't do anything about it and therefor worsened the situation for the Catholics.

  1. The Development of the IRA with special regard to the fate of Bobby Sands

    � [image002.gif] On 8 November 1987, eleven people lost their lives and 63 were injured when an IRA bomb ripped through a crowd of people waiting for a remembrance ceremony to begin in Enniskillen, Ulster (see photo). � On 22 September 1989, ten people were killed in an IRA bomb at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent.

  2. The Real IRA

    Currently the Omagh Victims' Civil Action Group is suing McKevitt and four other rIRA members for �14 million. According to BBC News, "Real IRA leader Michael McKevitt is to challenge the government's decision to give the Omagh bomb relatives almost �750,000 to take a civil court action."

  1. Catholic and Protestant, Nationalist and Unionist, Republican and

    The polarization was nearly complete and the partition of Ireland seemingly inevitable. Indeed, this widespread belief that one day Ireland would be free from Britain came true. The 1920 Act was not enough to satisfy either side. Eventually the Unionists came around once they realized Westminster would no longer rule

  2. How Accurate is it to say that the Causes of the Demonstrations outside the ...

    There were violent clashes between Catholic civil rights campaigners and Protestant protesters. The predominantly Protestant police also took a tough line on the civil rights marchers. The civil rights marches came when a group of Catholics grew tired of waiting for the promises of fairer treatment from the new Unionist governments, led by Terence O'Neil.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work