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Loyalist and Nationalist communities still showopen hostility towards each other, as thedemonstrations at Holy Cross School in 2001shows.

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Introduction

GCSE History Coursework Objective 1 and 2 'Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostility towards each other, as the demonstrations at Holy Cross School in 2001 shows. With reference to the following events, can you explain why? * The Easter Rising of 1916 and its aftermath to 1922 * The Civil Rights Marches and Bloody Sunday, 1968-1972 * The Enniskillen bomb, 1987 * The Omagh bomb, 1998 The problems surrounding Ireland today are due to many reasons. Four of these I shall have to look into each in great detail in order to find out their links to present day problems and why decommissioning has still not been achieved. The effect of Easter rising was similar to the effect of Omagh bombing as Protestants feared Catholic betrayal. This has led to decommissioning problems as both sides feel the need for arsenal to protect themselves. It is also linked to Bloody Sunday in 1968 as on both occasions, due to drastic mistakes from the British, support for Sinn Fein grew, and the prospect of a united Ireland became more appealing for the innocent Catholics. ...read more.

Middle

Obviously the problem of the British army was proven in the march of Bloody Sunday, in which innocent Catholic victims were shot and 'murdered' by the army. From this outbreak of violence there became a surge of revenge from Catholic communities, and therefore support for the IRA grew, and the violence started and has continued to the present day not only due to the IRA but also to the increasing support for 'splinter groups' such as the Real IRA. Bloody Sunday also lead to more problems. The Unionists felt betrayed by the British as the British Government felt that direct rule was still needed, which is remembered today, and has upset relations between the two countries. The Power sharing agreement failed in the year of 1974, as Unionists were scared of a Nationalist takeover, and therefore did not want an equal Ireland. In 1981, there was a hunger strike, in which Nationalists demanded specialist treatment once in prison. Once these special categories came to an end, the hunger strikes began and therefore there was huge support from Catholics for this. Both sides now as well as before feel the need for weapons to protect themselves against their opposition. ...read more.

Conclusion

As well as recent events, there have been long-term problems as well. Both Catholic and Protestants lead very different lives. They go to separate schools, and therefore get a completely different education and upbringing. They also live in different areas, and therefore if the communities are mixed, then they will have problems with bias behaviour, leading to jealousy and violence (the gerrymandering being a good example, as well as the violence shown to the Holy Cross School). Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have different economic issues as well. The north is more prosperous then the republic, and again there is a lot of bias problems in the sense that good jobs are given to Protestants in the North, leading to problems like civil rights marches, for instance, Bloody Sunday. Decommissioning cannot come to pass because as I have explained there is still active violence from both extreme groups towards each other, and therefore the need for armour grows with the increase in popularity of the parties. Finally I feel that there are still so many problems in Ireland because of the different parties involved governmentally. In my opinion, if extremists Sinn Fein and the DUP had not become recognised governmental parties, but the UUP and SDLP had, there would not have been so much promoted violence in Ireland, and the peace process would have been an easier option. ...read more.

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