• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Medicine Through Time Timeline

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Medicine Through Time Timeline 3000 BC Pre-History ? understanding is based on spirits and gods. No real medical care. People die very young, normally by the age of 30-35 for men, but only 15-25 for women due to the dangers of childbirth. Most people suffered osteoarthritis (painful swelling of the joints). 2000 BC Egyptian Empire ? development of papyrus, trade and a greater understanding of the body (based on irrigation channels from the River Nile). They believed the body had 42 blood channels and that illness was caused by undigested food blocking these channels. 1500 ? 300 BC Greek Empire ? Medicine still based on religion ? Temple of Asclepius. Here, patients would get better, but mainly through the standard of rest, relaxation and exercise (like a Greek health spa) 400 BC Hippocrates ? founder of the Four Humours theory. This theory stated that there were four main elements in the body ? blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. Illness was caused by having too much of one of these humours inside of you. He also wrote the Hippocratic Collection, more than 60 books detailing symptoms and treatments of many diseases. ...read more.

Middle

Families often shared housing, and living and working conditions were poor. People worked 15 hour days and had very little money. 1831 Cholera Epidemic. People infected with cholera suffered muscle cramps, diarrhoea , dehydration and a fever. The patient would most likely be killed by dehydration. Cholera returned regularly throughout the century, with major outbreaks in 1848 and 1854. 1842 Edwin Chadwick reports on the state of health of the people in cities, towns and villages to the Poor Law Commission (fore-runner to the Public Health Reforms). He highlights the differences in life-expectancy caused by living and working conditions. He proposes that simple changes could extend the lives of the working class by an average of 13 years. 1846 First successful use of Ether as an anaesthetic in surgery. The anaesthetic had some very severe drawbacks. In particular, it irritated the lungs and was highly inflammable. 1847 James Simpson discovers Chloroform during an after dinner sampling session with friends. He struggles to get the medical world to accept the drug above Ether. Doctors were wary of how much to give patients. Only 11 weeks after its first use by Simpson, a patient died under chloroform in Newcastle. ...read more.

Conclusion

1937-45 Florey, Chain work on producing penicillin as a drug. Their success will make the drug the second most finded project by the USA in WW2. They fund it to the tune of $800 million and every soldier landing on D-Day in 1944 has Penicillin as part of his medical kit. 1939 Emergency hospital scheme introduced – Funded and run by Government 1942 William Beveridge publishes the Beveridge Report. The report was the blueprint for the NHS 1946 National Health Service Act – provides for a free and comprehensive health service. Aneurin Bevan convinces 90% of the private doctors to enrol. 1948 First day of the NHS. Hospitals were nationalised, health centres were set up and doctors were more evenly distributed around the country. However, the popularity and costs of the NHS would rapidly spiral out of control. The £2 million put aside to pay for free spectacles over the first nine months of the NHS went in six weeks. The government had estimated that the NHS would cost £140 million a year by 1950. In fact, by 1950 the NHS was costing £358 million. 1953 Description of the structure of DNA 1961 Contraceptive pill introduced 1978 First test tube baby 1990s Increasing use of keyhole surgery, using endoscopes and ultrasound scanning, allowed minimally invasive surgery. 1994 National Organ Donor register created ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

    His discoveries made Spain one of the richest trading nations in the world as well as one of the biggest. It opened new trading routes to the East as well as the newly found West Indies and America. New things were brought back to Spain like Tobacco and rubber, in which the Spanish greatly benefited from.

  2. Louis Pasteur V Edwin Chadwick

    micro-organisms to disease, when the silk industry discovered many of its silkworms had been struck down with disease. As with the beer, Pasteur managed to find a link between a specific micro-organism and the disease and showed the factory owners how to solve the problem.

  1. Effect of Civilians in WW2

    However, it's propaganda and it's one-sided. The second newsreel is a British newsreel. It was done in April, 1941. It makes sure the viewer can see the heroicness going on. The background noise is happy. It focuses on the British giving aid.

  2. Public health in Britain during the hundred years from 1850 to 1950

    a poverty line in terms of a minimum weekly sum of money "necessary to enable families... to secure the necessaries of a healthy life". The money needed for this survival level of life covered fuel and light, rent, food, clothing, and household and personal items, adjusted according to family size.

  1. SLAVE TRADE PROJECT

    some of the effects are: * A sense of inferiority/superiority * Inhumanity * Injustice * Continued cruelty * No equality * Misidentification * Ignorance * Discriminated of skin colour * Imbalanced population * Improper development * Demographic disaster * Continued deterioration in socio-economic conditions * Hampered the self-esteem of Black

  2. Improvements in Public Health

    then pumped into Tidal Thames where it would be carried out to sea rather than stay in the previous "open sewer" of the Thames. His design was so good it has stood up to increases in volume of raw sewage.

  1. 4 Humours

    Observation itself wasn't new. The Egyptians had used observation: but they'd done it differently and reacted in a different way. A focus on the patient rather than the illness is new. Earlier practice had been to identify a type of illness and to then apply a cure.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Bad air= people used flowers and perfume to stop bad air 1. Contagion= people would not come into contact with an infected person 1. Poisoning wells= People believed that the Jews had poisoned the wells ? Many Jews were burnt alive 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work