• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Medicine Through Time Timeline

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Medicine Through Time Timeline 3000 BC Pre-History ? understanding is based on spirits and gods. No real medical care. People die very young, normally by the age of 30-35 for men, but only 15-25 for women due to the dangers of childbirth. Most people suffered osteoarthritis (painful swelling of the joints). 2000 BC Egyptian Empire ? development of papyrus, trade and a greater understanding of the body (based on irrigation channels from the River Nile). They believed the body had 42 blood channels and that illness was caused by undigested food blocking these channels. 1500 ? 300 BC Greek Empire ? Medicine still based on religion ? Temple of Asclepius. Here, patients would get better, but mainly through the standard of rest, relaxation and exercise (like a Greek health spa) 400 BC Hippocrates ? founder of the Four Humours theory. This theory stated that there were four main elements in the body ? blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. Illness was caused by having too much of one of these humours inside of you. He also wrote the Hippocratic Collection, more than 60 books detailing symptoms and treatments of many diseases. ...read more.

Middle

Families often shared housing, and living and working conditions were poor. People worked 15 hour days and had very little money. 1831 Cholera Epidemic. People infected with cholera suffered muscle cramps, diarrhoea , dehydration and a fever. The patient would most likely be killed by dehydration. Cholera returned regularly throughout the century, with major outbreaks in 1848 and 1854. 1842 Edwin Chadwick reports on the state of health of the people in cities, towns and villages to the Poor Law Commission (fore-runner to the Public Health Reforms). He highlights the differences in life-expectancy caused by living and working conditions. He proposes that simple changes could extend the lives of the working class by an average of 13 years. 1846 First successful use of Ether as an anaesthetic in surgery. The anaesthetic had some very severe drawbacks. In particular, it irritated the lungs and was highly inflammable. 1847 James Simpson discovers Chloroform during an after dinner sampling session with friends. He struggles to get the medical world to accept the drug above Ether. Doctors were wary of how much to give patients. Only 11 weeks after its first use by Simpson, a patient died under chloroform in Newcastle. ...read more.

Conclusion

1937-45 Florey, Chain work on producing penicillin as a drug. Their success will make the drug the second most finded project by the USA in WW2. They fund it to the tune of $800 million and every soldier landing on D-Day in 1944 has Penicillin as part of his medical kit. 1939 Emergency hospital scheme introduced – Funded and run by Government 1942 William Beveridge publishes the Beveridge Report. The report was the blueprint for the NHS 1946 National Health Service Act – provides for a free and comprehensive health service. Aneurin Bevan convinces 90% of the private doctors to enrol. 1948 First day of the NHS. Hospitals were nationalised, health centres were set up and doctors were more evenly distributed around the country. However, the popularity and costs of the NHS would rapidly spiral out of control. The £2 million put aside to pay for free spectacles over the first nine months of the NHS went in six weeks. The government had estimated that the NHS would cost £140 million a year by 1950. In fact, by 1950 the NHS was costing £358 million. 1953 Description of the structure of DNA 1961 Contraceptive pill introduced 1978 First test tube baby 1990s Increasing use of keyhole surgery, using endoscopes and ultrasound scanning, allowed minimally invasive surgery. 1994 National Organ Donor register created ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

    But, for the Americans, the coming of Columbus to their lands was a complete disaster. Many of them were killed as a result of diseases brought from Europe and many of them were forced to work as slaves in sugar plantations and gold mines.

  2. Effect of Civilians in WW2

    This implies that it must have been heavy bombing and very frequent. This source is a first hand account so is reliable. It says that she lived in Birmingham. This is a big city, and not all placed would have been bombed like this.

  1. SLAVE TRADE PROJECT

    Britain banned the slave in 1807. The last country to declare slavery as illegal was Brazil in 1831. But in some colonies of Britain slavery still remained. So, a thought was made that slavery should be abolished fully. Abolitionism was a strong move to end the slave trade for once and for all.

  2. WWII research report D-day invasions

    This was used to simulate fake landings in Norway and northern France. The Allied forces sent fake radio messages as well, which they allowed the Germans to intercept to mislead them in pinpointing the exact location of the actual landing site*7*.

  1. History of plastic surgery; how plastic surgery became a usual thing in Korea

    with diamond-shaped eyes, low nose which also can be seen as beautiful in a different standard. Why do we call people with big eyes and high nose a beautiful person? But this is what happens in Korea and even near myself.

  2. Describing Advances in Weaponry in WW2.

    Enola Gay and not by automated launch pads and this meant the pilots witnessed the destruction and were given grief later. The atomic bomb also kept it round shape the same as the meant there was a large surface area for impact and this meant the bombs were more or less fail proof.

  1. Roman medicine was the same as Greek medicine; do you agree?

    Like the Greeks, the Romans believed in personal health and hygiene and settlements such as army camps were sited in more healthy places away from swamps or potential threats. The Romans built aqueducts which meant they had an unlimited supply to clean running water.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Punishment from God= Groups of people called Flagellants whipped themselves in the hope of God forgiving them of their sins so they would not catch the Black Death 1. Four Humours= people believed that if the four humours were balanced then, you would not catch the Black Death Medical Renaissance [p](1500-1650)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work