• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Native Genocide

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Booklet on Native Indian Genocide Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee * Columbus discovers America 1492 (October 12, San Salvador), giving the Native Americans the names Indios. "So Tractable, so peaceful are these people, that I swear to your majesties there is not in the world a better nation. They love their neighbours as themselves, and their discourse is ever sweet and gentle, and accompanied by a smile; and though it is true that they are naked, yet their manners are decorous and praiseworthy." However Columbus being a righteous European was convinced they should be "made to work, sow and do all that is necessary to adopt our ways." * Over the next four centuries (1492-1890) several million Europeans and their descendants undertook to enforce their ways upon the people of the New World. * Columbus kidnapped ten of his friendly Taino hosts and carried them off to Spain. One died shortly after arriving and being baptized. The Europeans were so pleased with this that they hastened to spread the good news throughout the West Indies. * The Tainos and other Arawak People did not resist conversion, however, they did resist when hordes of these strangers began scouring the land for gold and precious stones. ...read more.

Middle

Settlements began crowding each other and in 1625 the first deed of Indian land to English colonists was made: 12,000 additional acres of Pemaquid land. * By 1662, settlers were coming in by the thousands and did not bother to go through such ceremonies. The Wampanoags were being pushed back into the wilderness. Although the English settlers flattered the tribe leader (Metacom) by crowning him King Philip of Pokanoket (a tribe of the Wampanoag peoples), he devoted most of his time to forming alliances with the Narragansetts and other tribes in the region. * In June 1675, the heavy-handed treatment of the Indians caused King Philip lead his Indian confederacy into a war meant to save the tribes from extinction. The Indians attacked 52 settlements, completely destroying 12 of them, but after months of fighting, the firepower of the colonists virtually exterminated the Wampanoags and Narragansetts. 1-Native soldiers siding with the colonists helped turn the tide of the war, however they were later rewarded by being interned in outlanded islands under inhumane conditions.-1 King Philip was killed on Mount Hope in August 1676 and his wife and young son were sold into slavery in the West Indies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The white colonists chopped down the tropical forests to enlarge their fields; the cotton plants exhausted the soil; winds unbroken by the forest shield covered the fields in sand. When Columbus first saw the island he described it as 'very big and very level and the trees very green... The whole of it so green that it is a pleasure to gaze upon.' The Europeans who followed him there destroyed its vegetation and its inhabitants-human, animal, bird, and fish-and after turning it into a wasteland they abandoned it. The very earth was being ravaged and squandered. To the Indians it seemed that the Europeans hated everything in nature-the living forests and their birds and beasts, the grassy glades, the water, soil, and the air itself. * On the mainland of America, the Wampanoags were reduced to around 400 people in King Philip's War, the Chesapeakes were exterminated by the Powhatan chief because of a prophesy, the Chickahominys , and the Potomacs of the great Powhatan Confederacy had vanished. Scattered or reduced to remnants were the Pequots, Montauks, Nanticokes, Machapungas, Catawbas, Cheraws, Miamis, Hurons, Eries, Mohawks, Senecas, and Mohegans. 1 http://www.pilgrimhall.org/philipwar.htm 2 Shackel, Paul A. Places in mind: public archaeology as applied anthropology Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, Page 140 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Christopher Columbus. Gold and fame were Christopher Columbuss main purposes for trying to ...

    The Europeans believed that the world belonged to them, and they were only helping these tribes and people, not conquering them. The discovery also led to a large increase of the Spanish empire, and their power. It meant they gained more land and allies.

  2. The San

    They were considered savages by the European settlers and were shot at, hunted like animals and tortured in prisons. During Apartheid, the San were forgotten and were unimportant. Many of the San still lived the traditional way of life in the Kalahari Desert because it was a difficult area to reach.

  1. Stoke Bruerne: Canal lives

    It says that at the time of his birth he was three foot six under water. The source is from a memory and this information may be not have been accurate, however from knowledge and judgement of the models this is likely to be the case.

  2. Conflict between Europeans and Aborigines in Van Diemen's Land

    by Europeans, Windschuttle appears to have found much cause to attack the scholarship of Lyndall Ryan and Henry Reynolds. Ryan, whose work is much denigrated by Windschuttle, fires a shot back by describing his work Fabrication as propaganda.9 Windschuttle's work has been disputed in Whitewash10, an anthology edited by a

  1. Writing the Situation of the Indians - 'Summer on the lakes' by Margaret Fuller.

    The beliefs that God is inmanent in man and nature and that individual intuition is the highest source of knowledge led to an optimistic emphasis on individualism, self-reliance, and rejection of traditional authority. Despite it was originally a movement seeking a new spiritual and intellectual vitality, transcendentalism had a great

  2. Christopher Columbus - Our Nations Noble Founder... Or Is He?

    His curiosity of these new findings further fueled his quests to delve deeper into this New World. Furthermore, although it is widely known that Columbus was not the first person to discover America, and the closest he ever got to step foot on the United States was his stop in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work