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Native Genocide

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Introduction

History Booklet on Native Indian Genocide Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee * Columbus discovers America 1492 (October 12, San Salvador), giving the Native Americans the names Indios. "So Tractable, so peaceful are these people, that I swear to your majesties there is not in the world a better nation. They love their neighbours as themselves, and their discourse is ever sweet and gentle, and accompanied by a smile; and though it is true that they are naked, yet their manners are decorous and praiseworthy." However Columbus being a righteous European was convinced they should be "made to work, sow and do all that is necessary to adopt our ways." * Over the next four centuries (1492-1890) several million Europeans and their descendants undertook to enforce their ways upon the people of the New World. * Columbus kidnapped ten of his friendly Taino hosts and carried them off to Spain. One died shortly after arriving and being baptized. The Europeans were so pleased with this that they hastened to spread the good news throughout the West Indies. * The Tainos and other Arawak People did not resist conversion, however, they did resist when hordes of these strangers began scouring the land for gold and precious stones. ...read more.

Middle

Settlements began crowding each other and in 1625 the first deed of Indian land to English colonists was made: 12,000 additional acres of Pemaquid land. * By 1662, settlers were coming in by the thousands and did not bother to go through such ceremonies. The Wampanoags were being pushed back into the wilderness. Although the English settlers flattered the tribe leader (Metacom) by crowning him King Philip of Pokanoket (a tribe of the Wampanoag peoples), he devoted most of his time to forming alliances with the Narragansetts and other tribes in the region. * In June 1675, the heavy-handed treatment of the Indians caused King Philip lead his Indian confederacy into a war meant to save the tribes from extinction. The Indians attacked 52 settlements, completely destroying 12 of them, but after months of fighting, the firepower of the colonists virtually exterminated the Wampanoags and Narragansetts. 1-Native soldiers siding with the colonists helped turn the tide of the war, however they were later rewarded by being interned in outlanded islands under inhumane conditions.-1 King Philip was killed on Mount Hope in August 1676 and his wife and young son were sold into slavery in the West Indies. ...read more.

Conclusion

The white colonists chopped down the tropical forests to enlarge their fields; the cotton plants exhausted the soil; winds unbroken by the forest shield covered the fields in sand. When Columbus first saw the island he described it as 'very big and very level and the trees very green... The whole of it so green that it is a pleasure to gaze upon.' The Europeans who followed him there destroyed its vegetation and its inhabitants-human, animal, bird, and fish-and after turning it into a wasteland they abandoned it. The very earth was being ravaged and squandered. To the Indians it seemed that the Europeans hated everything in nature-the living forests and their birds and beasts, the grassy glades, the water, soil, and the air itself. * On the mainland of America, the Wampanoags were reduced to around 400 people in King Philip's War, the Chesapeakes were exterminated by the Powhatan chief because of a prophesy, the Chickahominys , and the Potomacs of the great Powhatan Confederacy had vanished. Scattered or reduced to remnants were the Pequots, Montauks, Nanticokes, Machapungas, Catawbas, Cheraws, Miamis, Hurons, Eries, Mohawks, Senecas, and Mohegans. 1 http://www.pilgrimhall.org/philipwar.htm 2 Shackel, Paul A. Places in mind: public archaeology as applied anthropology Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, Page 140 ...read more.

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