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Prohibition Coursework 1

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Introduction

Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919? The era of Prohibition in the United States (1920-1933) was when the United States Constitution outlawed and banned the manufacture, transport and sale of alcohol. This term also refers to legal prohibitions against alcohol imposed by its various states and the surrounding social/political movements supported the act of prohibition. The selling, manufacturing and transporting (including importing and exporting) of alcohol were prohibited by the Eighteenth Amendment. The Eighteenth Amendment was part of the United States Constitution and was a law which allowed the Constitution to take away freedom instead of ensuring them. Although drinking and possession of alcohol was not prohibited by the Constitution, they were still limited by the federal Volstead Act, which became a law during the prohibition era. ...read more.

Middle

and the W.C.T.U (Women's Christian Temperance Union). These two groups became powerful political forces during the passing of the national ban on alcohol. During the winter of 1873-1874, the "Woman's Crusade" who were normally quiet housewives dropped to their knees so that the sale of liquor would be stopped in local saloons. In less than three months, the women had driven liquor of 250 communities and realized that a lot could be accomplished by standing together. Also, the women were very keen and determined to get rid of liquor and would not stop until almost all sellers capitulated. On the other hand, the Anti-Saloon League had general ideas about the advantages of prohibition, which were having a society with less crime, domestic abuse, neglect and accidents. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many business men were not profiting because they couldn't afford to sack their employees so they turned to prohibition which they thought was the only answer and the best option they had, in order to make some sort of profit. As a result of prohibition, the United States saw the rise of gangsters in big cities. The gangsters saw that the ban of alcohol had a huge fortune which could be made from the illegal liquor trade. Gangsters such as "Bugs" Moran, Dion O'Banion and Al Capone became extremely wealthy from their illegal activities. But these gangsters fought each other viciously for control of the liquor business in cities like Detroit, New York and above all Chicago. Finally these gangsters influenced most of the illegal activities nowadays such as, selling illegal drugs. ...read more.

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