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Prohibition - How far does Source I prove the policeman in Source J is telling the truth?

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Introduction

Study Source I & J How far does Source I prove the policeman in Source J is telling the truth? (7) Prohibition was introduced in order to wipe out what was considered to be a great evil at the time - alcohol. This was a controversial issue at the time. There were many areas in society, which supported Prohibition, and some areas that opposed Prohibition. Organisations such as the 'Anti-saloon league' and the 'Women's Christian Temperance Union' supported Prohibition. They said that alcohol was destroying family life and men went to saloons and spent all their money, saving none for their children or families. However, the people who opposed Prohibition said that it took away the right of alcohol from the American people. The consequences of Prohibition was that there was a huge rise in organised crime and also many ordinary Americans were resorting to crime as they wanted alcohol. There were 'speakeasies', which distributed alcohol illegally and 'bootleggers' who supplied it illegally - An example was William McCoy, who was a rumrunner. Prohibition also created a rise in organised crime, and gave way to the rise of gangsters, such as Al Capone, who bribed people to "turn a blind eye" to his work. ...read more.

Middle

This was a national newspaper and so, reached all over the nation. The author of this Source must have been very brave, as a person who produced an article in derogation of Al Capone got attacked and was beaten up. Therefore, as the cartoon producer knew the consequence of producing such a cartoon, he would have produced the truth, as it was like a suicide mission. Source J was an account given by a policeman. It was in Chicago during Prohibition, around the 1920s. The purpose was to show the people what sort of tactics was used in order to bribe the police officers of the city. It shows that the officials were involved as well. He says 'It was a conspiracy and my superior officers were involved in it'. This is similar to what is being said in Source I, however, this goes a bit further in saying that the officers who were further down in the tree were also being bribed. It says 'I opened it (the envelope) and there was $75 in it'. Source J also shows that if he didn't accept the bribes than he would be sent to a job that was no good. ...read more.

Conclusion

From my own knowledge I also know that bribes were taken by people with high authority to turn a blind eye. The fact that a journalist was beaten up for criticising Al Capone shows that the journalist that produced Source I was incredibly brave to criticise politicians, and therefore, must have been telling the truth. Source E agrees that the levels of alcohol consumed had increased, which could link in with the fact that nothing was done to stop alcohol being consumed. Source F does not agree with the Sources, as Kramer believed that the police would help enforce Prohibition, whereas Sources I and J show that this wasn't the case, as the police were being bribed to not enforce Prohibition. I believe that both Sources showed truth to some extent, as they agreed with each other to some extent, and, as per my previous research, it is true, as most police did take bribes, as Al Capone bribed the top people in the city so that he could effectively take over the city. However, it is difficult to check how far these Source I proves Source J, though I can presume, looking at the evidence, that it supports it quite well. Abbas Tejani Prohibition part (e) ...read more.

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