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question 5 source questions Arab Israeli conflict

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Introduction

Question 5 History Coursework Question: Which interpretation is best supported by the evidence in these sources and your knowledge of the Arab-Israeli conflict? There are many interpretations of who was to blame for The Six Day war some accusing the Israelis of being the aggressors and some accusing the Arabs of being the aggressors. I will assess these two using the sources and my own knowledge to see which one is more supported. a). 'the Arab powers were threatening her (Israel) with destruction Egypt had already closed the Gulf of Akaba which she knew Israel would regard as an act of war' b). 'Israel, urged on by the USA (went to war) to overthrow the Syrian government and suppress the movement for the liberation of Palestine.' Source B, D, F, G, H agree with the first statement completely giving evidence of Arab aggression and threats. Source B shows a Jewish man being forced into the sea by the aggressive unified Arab armies. This gives the impression that the Arab armies are pushing forwards and being the aggressors. It was published in an Arab newspaper just before the war to reflect the public hatred of the Jews so although it did reflect public opinion it could have also been used as propaganda to 'rally the troops' it cannot be classed as totally reliable as it was published in an Arab newspaper therefore it could be bias. ...read more.

Middle

Source H also agrees with statement a) as it states that 'terrorism had been increased by the Arab sates to a fearsome point'. This shows the Arabs as the aggressors it also states that the Soviets stated at the UN meeting that 'an air attack was being prepared by Israel against Syria in preparation for the invasion of Syria' this was a false claim but it gave Nasser an excuse to move his troops into Syria. The statement by the USSR was seen by the Israelis as a setup just so that Nasser could move his troops in. This source was published after the war making it a reliable source as it could look at the war and asses what really happened. Even so it is still written by the Israelis therefore it could be seen as bias as it is after the war they might be trying to blame it on the Arabs and explain why they made the first strike. Consequently I would not value this source as terribly reliable. Sources E and I agree with statement b). Source E is a statement made by the Egyptian Deputy Commander-in-Chief of their armed forces. It states that it was Israel that was making the aggressive moves towards the Arab states. It talks of them "directing military blows towards the Arab people or Syria." ...read more.

Conclusion

The reliability of this source is questionable however as it was in a British magazine. This raises two issues first being that it was published in a magazine that is a rather Tabloid type of journalism that often uses a lot of hyperbole in its articles that may be evident in this picture. Secondly it was British therefore it could be getting back at the USSR and the USA as they were very critical of the way the British acted in the Suez Crisis and the way Britain and France invaded like they did. This criticism caused the British and French to pull out of the Suez Canal which obviously made the British look bad. This source could be seen as revenge accusing them of starting the Six War. Therefore I see this source supporting both statements as the USSR gave weapons and munitions to the Arabs giving them great support and the USA gave weapons and munitions to the Israelis. Therefore it supports both statements but maybe supporting statement b) a little bit more as it makes it clear that Israel was supported by the USA - 'urged on by the USA'. More sources support statement a) as I believe it was closer to the truth of the conflict between the Arabs and the Israelis. As it was clear that the Arabs were the more aggressive ones as they were the ones making more threats and uniting together against the Israelis and they were threatening Israel with destruction. Joe Sharp ...read more.

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