• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Reasons for founding Singapore

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

There are many reasons which led to Raffles founding Singapore. In your opinion, what is the most important reason? Explain your answer thoroughly with examples. The early 19th century saw European superpowers rapidly expanding in their colonization and conquest of new land. Britain was no exception. In 1819, Singapore was founded by Raffles. The three main reasons which led to this founding is the failure of the British existing trade ports in Southeast Asia, the need for protection of the British's important China-India trade, as well as the breaking of the Dutch monopoly. However, in my opinion, the most important reason was the rivalry between the British and the Dutch. An important reason which led to the founding of Singapore was the failure of the British's existing trade ports-Penang and Bencoolen. Both Penang and Bencoolen was founded as trading ports by the British such that it could have a share in the trade in Southeast Asia. However, both trading ports failed in their purpose. ...read more.

Middle

This was an immense success for the British since they had previously been unsuccessful for trade with the Chinese as the Chinese insisted on payment by silver as the British wares were of little value and significance to them. The British could sell the tea leaves obtained to other European countries highly as it was considered a prized commodity in the European world. The spices India had were also highly valued. However, in order to protect this trade route and ensure it continues to prosper, it is important that the British have a trading port of its own such that its profits will be maximized since it is not subjected to the wrath and taxes of other colonies. Singapore could serve this need since it was right in the middle of the route taken to get from China to India. Lastly, the British felt a threat from the Dutch who had been experiencing a monopoly in the region and they were suspicious and angry of the Dutch such that they wanted to break this monopoly. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was because the British yearned for a piece of pie in the lucrative Malay Archipelago and yet failed to do so due to the many limitations and restrictions imposed by the Dutch. If they already enjoyed a stronghold or at least a significant presence in the region, they would have no reason to challenge the Dutch in any way since the Dutch would pose no threat to them. The other reason about protecting the China trade was also motivated in fear that the Dutch would manage to steal this lucrative business from the British. It is also precisely the Dutch would made the British feel a pressing need to establish new trading ports after the realization that their current ones were useless in keeping the Dutch from expanding rapidly. Thus, in the founding of Singapore, the British would mainly be able to curb the British and prevent its monopoly of trade and also get the other reasons are merely secondary benefits it would achieve with the successful breaking of the Dutch's trade. Thus, in my opinion, the most important reason which resulted in the founding of Singapore is the British's rivalry with the Dutch. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Analyzing the fall of Singapore

    This is in contrast with the Japanese who exploited the loophole of unprotected jungles by using them as a base of their attack in addition to their increased mobility with the use of bicycles instead of marching which would be relatively slow.

  2. History: India Independence Coursework

    He soon became convinced that a partition was unavoidable and Jinnah's idea of a separate country was set to action. However, when the partition was taking place, the movement of millions had led to more violence. Some trains which carried refugees were stopped and thousands were slaughtered.

  1. History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 6

    - There was severe food shortage because SG's entrepot trade was disrupted - Available resources were used to support Jap's war efforts in other parts of Asia - Rationing was practiced; each household received a 'Peace Living Certificate' which entitled them to purchase a limited amount of essential items like rice, salt & sugar.

  2. SLAVE TRADE PROJECT

    Led by Quaker Thomas and William Wilberforce, the movement was started and many people joined the protest. However, it was opposed by some people. The first country to declare the ban of slave trade was Denmark. Britain banned the slave in 1807.

  1. Comparison between Ancient China and Singapore Civilisations

    Other than that, they seldom used transport. In Singapore, transport is used widely. For example, we take buses, cars to work or attend school.

  2. The Grapes of Wrath.

    The family grows tired while traveling Highway 66 and must stop to bury the first deceased from the trip, Grandpa. They speak a few words and leave a note saying that he died of natural causes. They stop at a migrant campground and meet a man who just can from

  1. National Identity in Singapore

    Our National Flag has two equal horizontal sections, red and white. The top left corner is a white crescent beside five white stars. The colour red refers to universal brotherhood and equality of man; white signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue; the crescent moon represents a young nation on

  2. History Notes Of Singapore History Chapter 4

    to form gangs and secret societies - they robbed, killed & took part in unlawful activities - most operated opium houses, brothels & gambling dens - major secret societies were the HOKKIEN GHEE HIN, TEOCHEW GHEE HIN, GHEE HOK, GHEE KEE & GHEE SIN - they were dangerous and a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work