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Russian Revolution in March 1917.

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Introduction

Russian Revolution in March 1917 (1) There where many reasons that led to the fall of tsarism in march 1917. One of them was tsars' incompetence and the fact that he was incapable of finding effective ministers, or of supporting those he appointed. He listened not to the Duma's advises but to his wife, friends and favorites. One friend was particularly disliked, the unsavory Rasputin. His name was Gregory Efimovitch but most people called him Rasputin, "the immortal one", a Siberian peasant who claimed to be a Starets, a holy man of God. He was a wonderer whose uncouth appearance and outrageous behavior upset St. Petersburg society. Claiming mysterious powers of prophesy and healing, he convinced the Empress that he alone could control the painful and dangerous hemophilia of her young son Alexis, heir to the throne, through hypnotism. Alexandra, the tsarina, desperately grateful since she knew that she inherited her decease to her son, believed that Gregory was sent from God. From then on Rasputin was one of the most trusted members of the court. The Tsar and the Tsarina from now on they should follow this holy man's advice. Despite the rumors, Nicholas and Alexandra were told about Rasputin's wild behavior, (that Rasputin drank heavily and had affairs with many local women) they refused to listen, and continued to put all their trust in him. Rasputin began to give political advice to Alexandra, which she passed on to Nicholas. As Rasputin's influence increased, hatred of him grew. ...read more.

Middle

By October, strikes had spread widely; railways, factories and even whole towns came to a standstill. From time to time, throughout Russian history, there had been outbreaks of violence among the peasant but strikes of industrial workers were something new. The industrial workers lived in harsh conditions. They were lacking food, shelter; they were working many hours and were poorly rewarded. They crowded into ramshackle shantytowns that shot up in new industrial regions. Crowded in thousands, it was easier for the discontented workers to organize protest and act together. These three factors and all the others were linked together, and together they caused the March revolution. Russia going into the war was the most serious one and many historians believe that Revolution would have not have happened if Russia did not joined the war. (3) There were many reasons for the revolution, which had made people increasingly angry. Tsar was a weak and incompetent ruler, who had total power. There was a huge gap between the rich and the poor. The tsar's government used violence against the people and many people were killed. Rasputin was a bad influence on the Tsar and the Tsarina. Tsarina was already unpopular because she was German but her connection with Rasputin made things even worse. People lost their trust towards the Tsar when he did not kept his promises in the October manifesto. But the most important reason was that Russia entered the First World War. Russia went to war in August 1914. ...read more.

Conclusion

Railways failed to satisfy Russia's need for transportation of food and raw materials. In towns people and soldiers were starving just because there were not enough train to transport them. Factories producing engines were unable to produce more engines for the trains since there were not getting coal for energy since there were not enough trains to transport coal. Therefore the whole country was paralyzing in a domino effect. Another problem was inflation. Russian money was starting to lose their value. At the same time food prices went up and people's wages were buying less and less food Military disasters, industrial muddles, profiteering and inflation, constant food shortages in the cities, distrust of the Empress and her favorite, Rasputin, all led to growing discontent. On March the 7th, 1917, a food riot in St.Petersburg broke out, 40,000 workers went on strike for higher wages. Women joined the strike due to extreme hunger. When the Tsar ordered the army to stop these riots, the army instead joined in with them and did not stop the protesters! The Tsar could not operate! Some began demanding a new government. The rioters now had the army's support; the ministers without reliable troops were helpless. Once Petrograd had revolted, the rest of Russia followed. Tsar Nicholas set off from army headquarters to restore order, but striking railway workers stopped his train. Cut off from his army and his capital, he could do nothing. On March 1917 Nicholas II, the Tsar of Russia, abdicated hoping thus to re-unite Russia against the German enemy. His family had ruled Russia for nearly three hundred years, but their demise occurred in a matter of days. 1 ...read more.

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