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Segedunum Roman Fort

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Introduction

Segedunum Roman Fort 1. Describe the layout of Segedunum Roman Fort. The Segedunum Roman Fort is shaped like a playing card; it has rounded corners so the soldiers could easily look to see if an attack was heading their way. Inside of the fort there were buildings such as, the Hospital (Valetudinarium) , Granaries (Horrea), Head Quarters (Principia) , C.O's House (Praetorium) , Work Houses, Infantry Barracks, Cavalry Barracks, Fore Hall and Water Tank. Located in the middle of the fort was the headquarters building with the commanding officers house next to it. The fore hall was right next Headquarters this was for easy access in case of an emergency or announcement/meeting. The infantry and cavalry barracks were at opposite sides of each other inside the fort, the hospital was situated away from both of the barracks. Next to the hospital was the water tank this was situated here so that the hospital had easy access to the water for patients to drink and wash with. The granaries were situated next to the headquarters and the fore hall. ...read more.

Middle

The wall was next to a river for trade purposes and also for a defence mechanism. In the centre of the fort was the HQ building, this was located here because it was the administration therefore it was most important as everything needed to run smoothly, next to the HQ building was the Commanding Officers house, this building was located here because the Commanding Officer need to be in the middle of the fort for protection as he was the most important person in the frontier. The fore hall was a place where all announcements and important notices where read, they would also hold emergency meetings and read daily announcements to the soldiers of the fort. Just outside of the fort was another walk away from the hospital where people would go to get treated for illness, or if they were injured. The hospital was located away from both the cavalry barracks and the infantry barracks so that disease did not spread, if disease was to spread it would alter the number of soldiers if some died which meant that they would have fewer soldiers if they were attacked. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Roman Empire covered a distance of 2500 miles. It's shear size meant that there would be very long frontiers to defend. Defending these frontiers was not easy, and where possible the Romans relied on natural boundaries like rivers, for example. Where these natural boundaries where not possible defence systems had to be organised. People outside of the Roman Empire where called "barbarians." These barbarians included German tribes who could be difficult to handle. To deal with these tribes Rome used auxiliaries from other parts of the Roman Empire. Auxiliaries were non-Roman citizens. They were recruited from tribes that had been conquered by Rome or were allied to Rome. They also served for 25 years. At the end of their service they gained Roman citizenship as a reward. In Britannia the Roman legions had kept control in most areas. However, certain tribes like the ..... often gave cause for concern. In 122 AD Hadrian set about building the wall across the north of the country. The aim of this was to separate the Barbarians from the Romans. In conclusion Hadrian's Wall was a good thing as it stopped many invasions and separated the barbarians form the Romans. Rhys Laidler ...read more.

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