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Source related questions and answers on prohibition of alcohol 1920'S in the U.S.A.

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Introduction

COURSEWORK ASSIGNMENT ON PROHIBITION OF ALCOHOL 1920'S IN THE U.S.A. 1. What can you learn from Source A about why the Anti-Saloon League opposed the sale of alcohol? Source A shows that the Anti-Saloon League is opposed to the sale of alcohol because going to the saloon made people poor. The men would go to the saloon after receiving their week's wages and spend it all, leaving their wives and children at home without food. Hence the name "The Poor Man's Club". To become a "member" of the "club" the man must go to the saloon often, meaning less money and time for their families. This poster would make people feel guilty about leaving their families. It is trying to persuade them to leave the drink and save money. The only people that are profiting from alcohol are the bar owners. 2. What reasons for Prohibition are given in Sources B and C? How are they different from the reasons in Source A? In Sources B and C, religion, economics and patriotism are all portrayed as reasons for Prohibition. Christian groups, such as the "Women's Christian Temperance Union" were against alcohol as they saw it as being against their religion. Economically, the grain used in the brewing was needed for food during World War I. Food was more of a priority than alcohol. Also, as beer was German, during the First World War, drinking beer was seen as unpatriotic. ...read more.

Middle

Source L shows that Al Capone was a very popular man, and that the public attitude towards him was very popular. This is portrayed by the fact that the magazine was very popular and they chose to put him on the front page. This picture portrayed Al Capone as a prosperous and successful businessman. His face looks warm and welcoming. The picture captured his "good" side hiding his scar away. This source is very useful to show the publics attitudes to alcohol. Also, it was published at the time of Prohibition and was a very popular magazine. However, it is biased showing only one side of the story. Source N illustrated that the public was happy to get alcohol back after Prohibition. This source is very useful, in illustrating the public attitudes, as the public voted President Roosevelt in, after he promised to lift the ban of alcohol. 6. Al Capone was viewed by the authorities in the U.S.A. as "Public Enemy Number One". Do the Sources and your own knowledge of U.S. society in the 1920's and 1930's support this view? Explain your answer, using the sources and your own knowledge. Many people saw Al Capone as a saviour during the time of Prohibition. However, many people saw him as the "devil" of Prohibition. Source M shows that the police had suspected Al Capone of crimes. This is portrayed by the "mug-shots" that had been taken of him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another reason he was not Public Enemy Number One, was that he provided employment for many people. Jobs included positions such as running speak-easies, transporter of alcohol and hitman. Also, Al Capone encouraged jazz. Many people liked this as they would like to dance to jazz. Chicago was welcoming many new and upcoming jazz musicians at the time of Al Capone. This was helping the evolution of the Chicago style. Musicians of the time include Louis Armstrong, who emigrated to Chicago when he joined Oliver's Creole Jazz Band. Al Capone was always well dressed and presented well. This could have had something to do with the excessive amount of money he had. This could also have been the reason for him being a well-known "ladiesman", tempting women with his money. Also, Al Capone united Chicago. He brought many gangs and religious groups together. This caused the Irish, the Polish, the Jewish, the Italian and the blind inhabitants of Chicago to be united. Strangely, if a victim of Al Capone ended up in hospital, then any bill that had to be settled, Capone would pay for it himself. Many people saw this as an act of remorse towards his victims. There were many reasons that shows that Al Capone was not America's Public Enemy Number One, but merely a hero that supplied the public with something they extensively longed for. However, there were more reasons, which portrayed Al Capone as America's Public Enemy Number One. He caused a lot of fear and was the main reason for violence in Chicago. Georgina Grigg 14/05/03 ...read more.

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