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South Africa/Cape Colony

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Introduction

South Africa/Cape Colony Introduction: I have chosen South Africa. I chose South Africa because it was original. It has a very nice history and it is 1 of the countries that I know something about already. I chose this country because it was colonized twice. Once by the Dutch (1652 - 1795) and then by British (1795 - 1803 and 1806 - ). This essay will be based on the second colonization by the British in the beginning of the 19th Century. South Africa used to be called the Cape colony while it was colonized by the British. I will do research on the history of South Africa between 1795 and 1806. I will also do some research before it was colonized by the British to see what kind of state the country was in. I plan to do my research using books and the internet. I will use the School library for searching books. I will research the imperialism in South Africa from both points of view. I might use Sources as proof of evidence. Narrative: Before South Africa was colonized by the British, it was colonized by the Dutch settlers. Dutch settlers first settled in South Africa in the 17th Century. ...read more.

Middle

In 1895, one of Rhodes closest friends, Dr Leander Starr Jameson, launched a raid on the Transvaal supported by Rhodes money. The aim of the raid was to seiz the important city of Johannesburg for the British South Africa Company, but it was a failure and Rhodes had to resign as the prime minister of Cape Colony. One result of the raid was that Boers in Transvaal were convinced that the British wanted to take over their country." Extract from: Colonisation and Conflict 1750-1990 by Martin Collier The tension between the British and the Boers was huge and this led to the point that Boers invaded Cape Colony in October 1899. This was the start oof the Boer war which lasted until British victory in 1902. The Boer war was to cost nearly 10 000 lives. Changes: From 1867 on when the rich mines were discovered, enormous changes have occurred. The world's businessmen, especially from Britain, Western Europe and USA, started to spend huge money to have the diamond and gold mines opened. They believed this 'investment' would make them large profits year after year, once the mines were working. Africa had not attracted this much investment before since her main exports of wool, wine and ostrich feathers did not bring large investments. ...read more.

Conclusion

Since the British discovered gold and diamond mines in the country, it made the country richer because investors from around the world were buying the mines. Thanks to the mines, the British built railways throughout South Africa. This has developed new ways of transport. The negative impact on the country was the Boer war and the frontier wars. It has destroyed many crops and many Africans were killed. Many children and women were left without homes. There was also a famine caused due to the Frontier Wars during the Xhosa cattle killing, which led to a lot of people dying. To conclude this, I think that the British had a negative impact in the beginning of the colonization since they brought new diseases to South Africa and also that they have triggered wars with the native people but after the wars, the country started developing in economy, technology, government, society etc. The imperialism had also a great affect on the country and on the people because thanks to the imperialism, slavery was abolished. I think the imperialism in South Africa acknowledged the idea of white mans burden. I think if we were looking from the point of view from the Africans, we would probably get different views because the British were treating them badly and making them work for low wages. ...read more.

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