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The Causes of the First World War

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The Causes of the First World War Alex Hayes 9cg Introduction There are a lot of reasons for the outbreak of the First World War. In this piece of writing I will be explaining the causes of the First World War in the topics of Long term causes, short term causes and triggers. The Long term causes The Development of the alliance system- The Triple Alliance was the alliance which Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy pledged (May 20, 1882) to support each other in the event of an attack against any of them by two or more great powers. Germany and Italy also agreed to support one another in the event of attack by France. ...read more.


The Kaiser believed that Germany should also have a massive empire. Military Rivalry All the countries of Europe wanted to be the best. The growing European divide had led to an arms race between the main countries. The armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between 1870 and 1914 Nationalism Before the war nationalism spread across Europe. Many countries were proud of their nations. Ethnic groups within empires like the Slavs wanted independence. The love of one's country helped to hate other countries. Short Term Causes Naval Rivalry Britain and Germany were the chief rivals at sea. ...read more.


War Plans The countries had plans for war even before it started. The German plan was called the Schnieffen plan. This plan was that his troops would go through Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg to Paris and the rest would go straight to French towns. After this they would go back across to Russia. France also had a plan called 'plan 17'. The Trigger Factor The trigger factor of the invation a probably the main cause of the start of the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. Serbian terrorist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. The system of alliances began to operate automatically, with Germany supporting Austria-Hungary and France backing Russia. When Germany invaded France through Belgium, the conflict escalated into a world war. World War One. ...read more.

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