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The Effectiveness of the Five Year Plans:

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Introduction

The Effectiveness of the Five Year Plans: Stalin introduced the Five Year Plans. This brought all industry under state control and all industrial development was planned by the state. The state would decide what would be produced, how much would be produced and where it should be produced. An organisation called Gosplan was created to plan all this out. * The first five year plan was from 1928 to 1932. * The second five year plan was from 1933 to 1937. * The third five year plan was from 1938 to 1941 when the war interrupted it. Each plan set a target which industries had to meet. Each factory was set a target which it had to meet. The targets were completely unrealistic and could not be met but huge improvements were made. The emphasis was on heavy industries such as coal, oil, iron and steel and electricity. The second five year plan continued to emphasise industries but there was also a commitment to transport systems like railways and even chemical industry. ...read more.

Middle

Factories decided to inflating their production figures and the products produced were frequently so poor that they could not be used, even if the factory producing those goods appeared to be meeting its target. The punishment for failure was severe. A manager could be executed as an "enemy of the people". Workers could be sent to a prison camp in Siberia. Nobody was allowed to criticise the five year plans as they were Stalin's idea. Life was very hard for industrial workers. Their pay was poor and there was barely anything they could spend their money on even if they had any. Consumer goods were not produced. Working conditions were very poor and dangerous and the hours were long. The homes that were provided were poor. � They often worked hard because the young workers were still idealistic and dreaming. The concept of communism was still making them believe. They called Stalin "Uncle Joe" and they were willing to suffer a few years of hardship if they were going to get to the promised land of a better society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Successful managers were also paid more though whether this extra money was shared by the workers in a factory or mine is unknown. Punishment was also used by those who didn't work hard. The fear of the labour camps was usually enough to get people working hard. If you were absent a fine could be imposed or your ration book stripped from you. In 1940, you could go to prison for it. All workers had to carry labour books which stated whether you had worked hard or not. If it had said you hadn't by comments made by the manager then you could also face prison. A lot of physical labour was done by prisoners. It didn't matter if they died - only that the tasks were completed. Because these people were In prison the government used this as an excuse to make them do whatever they want. For all the problems and hardship caused by the Five Year Plans, by 1941, Stalin had transformed Russia into a world class industrial power. This was to be vital for Russia as the war was about to test her to the extreme. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ed Slater Mr Waters ...read more.

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