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The events that occurred in Derryon 30th January 1972 became known as 'Bloody Sunday'. Why have these events produced such different historical interpretations?

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Introduction

The events that occurred in Derry on 30th January 1972 became known as 'Bloody Sunday'. Why have these events produced such different historical interpretations? 'Bloody Sunday', as it became known, has produced many different interpretations of events. Since January 1972 people have recorded diverse versions of events depending on where they were or which faction of society they belonged to. The sources used for the purpose of this essay are all from the media. The first two are from news paper reports written 27 years after the event following new revelations made during the partial disclosure of evidence submitted to the inquiry lead by Lord Saville, commissioned by Tony Blair. Source (c) is taken from an ITN news report relating to the same inquiry some 14 months later (than the other sources) in November 2000. Source (a) is an extract from the 'Daily Mail', written by the deputy Political Editor. This newspaper is by tradition a conservative newspaper, so it portrays some more right wing ideas in its stories, and it has been known to support controversial issues like capital punishment. The paper is aimed the more middle class people. In this Northern Ireland case 'The Daily Mail' is Pro-Ulster, so this means that although being a news paper it should be neutral, that it does support the Protestants. ...read more.

Middle

Source (b) is an extract from the newspaper 'The Guardian'. This newspaper is slightly left wing, so it is slightly Labour in its views, but it is almost centre. So it is known for not supporting capital punishment. In this case, Northern Ireland, it does not agree with what the IRA was doing there but it still managed to show some sympathy towards the IRA. The 'Guardian' seemed to understand why these people were willing to go to such extremes. The 'Guardian' says that the people that were killed were innocent and defenceless, where as the 'Daily Mail' supported the paras. According to the Widgery report the paras were correct in opening fire on all of those people as they were found to have been holding firearms, but in this new report it has found that one of the victims was shot from about a metre away and then a further two times whilst he was on the floor. His lawyer said that this could merit a murder prosecution. Then another man who was killed was hit on the back of the head with a 'Dum-Dum', these fragment on impact and were made illegal under the Geneva Convention, therefore these soldiers had broken the law. ...read more.

Conclusion

How did he know that they were off duty soldiers, were they talking to him or to each other it does not tell us. He said that he heard that a couple of months before the event, but he spoke out in the year 2000, 28 years later. He could not have remembered ever single detail so what he said may not have actually been true. Things that are said like that might not always add up to make sense with an event that happens shortly after it is said. This source is another example of an interpretation of the events of bloody Sunday, but again this is just one of the many interpretations. In conclusion there was a lot of people at the event who have experienced different things, these have then been passed on to other people and may be been changed. From this there is not any way that the correct truth will come out. There are only three sources of so many, the sources I have, were not at the time of Bloody Sunday, and they were all almost 30 years after. Different stories come out for different reasons, for example the paras would say that they were fired upon so they returned fire, and other people will say that the army had planned to do this all the time. Gareth Clifford - 1 - ...read more.

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