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The July Crisis 1914

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The July Crisis 1914 By 1914 there had been many tensions between the major powers in Europe. These were manly between Britain, France, Russia, Germany and Austria-Hungary. The major powers had been building up their armed forces since the beginning of the 1900's due to technological advances and growing paranoia about neighbouring countries. A lot of the concern was focused on Germany, especially after the Moroccan crisis in 1905 and 1911. Germany had used aggressive and interfering tactics trying to gain overseas territories and influence. This worried mainly Britain and France; however Russia was more involved in conflicts with Austria-Hungary, who was Germany's loyal ally. ...read more.


At this time nationalism was on a rise in Serbia and the Austrians were devoted to exterminating it. The assassination of Francis Ferdinand and his wife on 28th of June provided the perfect excuse for the Austrians to occupy Serbia and wipe out the nationalist threat. It was widely thought by Austrian officials that the empires survival depended on getting rid of the threat. To ignore this situation and to let it be would mean diplomatic and racial humiliation. The Austrians believed that it was better to die honourably than to suffer diplomatic humiliation. ...read more.


Germany had been trying to establish herself as a major power for years and she thought that by supporting Austria she would make territorial gains as well as diplomatic ones. It is suggested by numerous historians, mainly Fischer, that Germany had been planning to go to war for years and that this was a perfect opportunity to start one. It was clear to the other powers that Germany had been making military plans but they didn't see it as being a direct threat. Instead they built up there military size to match that of Germanys in case of a future war. Germany, like Austria, couldn't afford to experience another diplomatic humiliation as they had done in 1905 and 1911 during the Moroccan crisis ...read more.

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