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The League of Nations

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Introduction

DID THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS SUCCESFULLY MEET ITS ORIGINAL AIMS DURING THE 1920'S People have different viewpoints on weather the League of Nations was a success or a failure. It is fair to say that it had its plus points as well as its negative points. The League of Nations was set up in 1920. The idea to have a League of Nations was Widrow Wilson's, the American president at the time. This seemed like a great idea to all of the countries in Europe except the American public decided not to back their president and expressed their views. Many Germans had immigrated to America and felt that the League was a way of forcing the Treaty of Versailles and protested against their country behaving in this way towards their former country. Other American citizens thought their country would be signing a blank cheque. They would have to pay for all the European countries, which had misused its money. Other views were taken as well. They were sending their troops over the Four Corners of the world and soldiers were getting killed. They believed that America should fight its own battles and the other countries theirs. There was also a huge number of Americans who were anti-British or anti-French. They assumed that America will be joining the League to help France and Britain keep their empire and all of their colonies. ...read more.

Middle

All of these had a huge role to play in the League of Nations. The League proved to be a success in a number of disputes. The Paris Peace Conference changed lots of borders and create new states which, managed to cause a number of disputes between neighbouring countries. One good example of the League solving border disputes was in the case of Upper Silesia in 1921. This was an industrial region where both German and Polish people were inhabited. The League decided that the inhabitants should vote whether they want to be a part of Poland or Germany. The industrial area voted for Germany and the rural area for Poland and so the League decided to divide the area up which both sides agreed to. The Aaland Islands in 1921 is another place where the League succeeded. This Island was situated between the two countries and naturally both of them wanted it and both were willing to fight for it. They decided to appeal to the League. The League looked at this matter closely and decided that the Island should go to Finland. Sweden approved with this decision and therefore war was avoided. In Bulgaria in 1925 the League had to make yet another tough decision. Greek soldiers invaded Bulgaria after a scene in which some of the Greek soldiers were killed. The League condemned the Greeks outburst and ordered them to retreat and pay compensation. ...read more.

Conclusion

The League managed to ban poisonous white lead and reduced the working hours of workers to an eight hour day. Even though they reduced the hour's workers only a minority of workers stuck to it. They still thought they had to work long hours and so they worked over-time. The League worked hard to defeat leprosy and to exterminate mosquitoes, which reduced malaria and yellow fever for later decades. The League also introduced a new Highway Code. The League blacklisted four large German, Dutch, French and Swiss which were involved with illegal drugs. The League failed miserably in trying to get countries to disarm. At the Washington Conference in 1921 the USA, Japan, Britain and France sat down to discuss about limiting the size of their navy. But the discussions got no further than this. The League was not very popular in Germany as Germany had been forced to and no one else had. To conclude I think the League of Nations had its good points and its bad points. It might have had more bad than good bad we were definitely not better off without it. Its main plus points must have been sorting out refugees and settling smaller countries border disputes. When it came to bigger countries the League struggled and failed. The League seemed to have the inability to stand up to bigger nations. Nevertheless, Europe would have suffered without the League, as there would not have been any authority in Europe. The fact that America didn't join proved to be a huge factor on why the League failed. Ben Bentley ...read more.

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