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The seige of 1216 brought around real little change

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Introduction

"THE SIEGE OF 1216 BROUGHT ABOUT LITTLE REAL CHANGE TO DOVER CASTLE. AT THE END OF THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY DOVER CASTLE REMAINED THE TYPICAL MEDIEVAL SQUARE KEEP CASTLE THAT IT HAD BEEN IN THE TWELFTH CENTURY" Medieval Castles : Dover I would disagree with his statement, Dover Castle developed throughout its history, to cope with the change in weaponry and situation of the times it went through. After the siege of 1216 changes and improvements were made an already important fortification to one of supremacy. Castles have two main functions, to provide a residence for Lords or Royalty and for military purposes. Dover castle is an example of a castle that takes these needs to an extreme- it was a royal castle, a castle fit for the king, and a castle with a military importance like no other in England, it was described as the key to England. There were many fortifications in Dover considered to be necessary by many because Dover at the time was the biggest and strongest castle in all of England. Dover was the first line of defence from France. When the French travelled over to England Dover castle was situated on the highest point along Dover, so was the first to spot invaders and the first to be attacked. ...read more.

Middle

This makes Dover unique, the building and design of the walls changed with the change in warfare techniques, as opposed to other castles through Britain that were built to cope with contemporary attacking methods and were not modified to the extent that Dover was. These particular modifications were made to make Dover castle even more of a stronghold, they were designed to strengthen the areas of the castle that in the siege of 1216 were shown to be particularly weak. At the end of the thirteenth century Dover Castle was much more than the typical medieval castle it had been in the twelfth century, it had all the refinements of the contemporary castles of the 1300's. It is unique in that it has status as the key to England, a foothold necessary for any invading army, but at the same time a castle able to withstand the test of invading armies, rebel barons and the change in warfare techniques. Although, unlike most other castles of its time, Dover castle is significantly bigger than other castle, including that of which is built in deal. When the invention of cannons came around, castles like Dover were weakened, in terms of defence, other castles were built low, so cannon fire was less likely to it, but Dover castle isn't hard to miss, and would have been demolished by cannons. ...read more.

Conclusion

So Henry VIII decided to set up his own church, called C of E, and with this he declared himself God's advocate. He ransacked the catholic churches, took their money and wealth, and later on used the money, he'd stolen, to set up defences. These changes angered the other catholic countries, which declared war on England, because Henry had gone against the Catholic Church. Henry VIII needed castles fast and so he built castles along the south east coast, at Walmer, Sandown and Deal, and other places, along the Goodwin Downs, beyond the Goodwin Sands, which were a weak point to defence of England, where attackers could land. The developments made at Deal were very typical, later on in the 1500's,at its time. The developments made were similar to those castles that were specifically made to defend against cannon, and gunfire, to some extent. Deal and the other castles positioned, along the east coast of England, defending the Goodwin Sands, were very important. It was the main area for attackers, when the developed cannon technology, to attack. Attackers no longer interested on attacker places like the white cliffs of Dover where Dover castle is situated because it was beginning to silt up, and no longer easy to attack, so the Goodwin sands were the easiest place to attack. Dover at this point was no longer the key to England but one of the many defences along the coast to protect mainland England ...read more.

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