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To summarise the history that led Britain to becoming a multicultural society

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Introduction

Task 1 (A) In this part of my assignment I am going to define several words that link in with multiculturalism. * Culture; culture is made up of many different elements; I believe that culture describes a group history, language, religion, location and language. * Sub-culture; 'is a set of people with a distinct set of and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. The subculture may be distinctive because of the age of its members, or by their race, ethnicity, class and/or gender, Subcultures are often defined via their opposition to the values of the larger culture to which they belong'. * Multiculturalism; people view 'multiculturalism' differently, some people perceive it to mean many different cultures and beliefs living in one area in co-existence. Another definition that people see multiculturalism to mean different culture's living in different areas not living in co-existence. * Diversity; refers to the presence in one population of a wide variety of cultures, opinons and background. This Suggest that people are living as equals. For example in Britain there are many different cultures, an example of different cultures influencing our country is Britain's favorite dish is curry brought over from India. * Stereo-typing; is where a person or a group put a specific person into a group. Here are a few examples; the reserved British, the disorganised Italians and the shopping-obsessed Japanese. ...read more.

Middle

Although many of the Irish peasants travelled to United States of America also thousands travelled to Britain. In Liverpool where a lot of the Irish emigrated there are still thousands of Irish people living there and they bought their Irish culture with. It is the second largest ethnic group not including White British to live there. Overall 'because of the Irish potato famine 750,000 emigrated or died of starvation.' Statistic taken from http://www.liverpool.gov.uk/Images/tcm21-28081.pdf Second statistic taken from 'BRITISH HISTORY encyclopaedia' page 184 An additional event that changed Britain's cultural society was the Refugees from the Nazi oppression; the Nazis in Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Hungary were persecuting the Jews before and during the start of the Second World War. Many left in great fear of being killed; 60,000 took shelter in Britain. The Nazis believed that the other races such as the Jewish race were killing off the German 'Superior' race, also known as the Aryan race. As they immigrated to Britain the Jews tended to live together and they started up small Jewish communities and they bought some of their religious beliefs and their culture to Britain, because of this they started to influence the surrounding areas. A further historical event to change the cultural society was the Empire Windrush. Empire Windrush was an old War ship that Britain sent out to Jamaica, which was a British colony, for the Jamaicans to have a new start by employing them to re-build Britain after the Second World War in 1948. ...read more.

Conclusion

This had a huge effect on the public services, as before the act hardly any ethnic minority were allowed to join but after the act many ethnic and coloured people joined. In 1972 Idi Amin expelled all Indian and Pakistani citizens from Uganda, he believed that God told him in a dream to expel all Indians and Pakistani who owned almost all of the business. Officially 40,000 Indians and Pakistanis left, 29,000 came to Britain. Many set up business in Britain, few where similar to the shops in Uganda this introduced small part of Uganda's selling culture into Britain's Selling and buying culture. http://www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/infocentre/asylumlaw/legis_overview.htm In 1990 ethnic cleansing occurred in Bosnia Croatia Yugoslavia and Serbia. The poorly armed Muslims, who comprised more than 40% of the population. In a campaign of "ethnic cleansing" carried out mostly by the Serbs, thousands of Muslims were killed, and many more fled Bosnia and many came to the United Nations, which includes Britain. Above is a summary of what I believe to be the main key events in British history that changed Britain into a Multicultural society. I believe that because of immigration Britain has so many wide and different cultures that it has made Britain an exciting and diverse place to live. However, immigration help sparked off major racist political parties, for example British National Party how believe fundamentally in keeping British 'White British' and nothing else. But because of immigration Britain has become a dynamic and exciting place, and has benefited in areas like cuisine and music. ...read more.

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