• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

USA Desegregation of Schools

Extracts from this document...


Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950s? In 1950s American schools, white and black children were segregated. This meant that they were kept apart and taught separately. Moreover, schools for black children were always less well equipped than schools for white children. This issue was a highly sensitive one at the time, with social and political matters causing a problem for the US Government in the 1950s. There were several long-term causes for segregation in schools. The legacy of the civil war and fight for slavery in southern states was still rife, and there was animosity between the southern states that fought for slavery, and the northern states which opposed it. The North effectively won the Civil War, and the slavery of black people was abolished. However the effects of the conflict were to be felt many years later as segregation took hold in American schools. There were also short-term causes for the segregation problems. The re-emergence of the Ku Klux Klan meant that hatred towards black people and the determination to segregate different races in society had massively increased, especially in the Deep South. ...read more.


This fear from the white communities in the Deep South turned into aggression towards the fairly unknown black population. This was a massive problem for politicians because they needed as many votes as possible, and if they were seen to publicly criticise segregation then they would loose votes in the Deep South. Throughout American history, the Constitution had stated that all American citizens should be equal. However, with segregation it was clear that this was not the case. Therefore the Jim Crow laws were said to be unconstitutional. So too were the rulings which stated that segregation in schools was acceptable. As a result, black citizens wanted equal rights, as stated in the Constitution. The case for equality was further strengthened when thousands of black soldiers fought to defend the USA in the Second World War. This was one of the main arguments campaigners for desegregation used. Why should people who fought to defend their homeland be forced to live as substandard citizens? There was a growing awareness of inequality throughout America that only served to highlight the problem of segregation. ...read more.


The problem of racism in school was a problem because children are the next generation of Americans. If they were being influenced to be prejudiced and encourage segregation then this would translate into the next generation. This ploy of segregation in schools was deliberately deployed because it reduced the competition for education - and subsequently jobs. Black citizens were feared because of the competition for labour they would bring to society. Therefore segregation in schools would create white prominence. The desegregation of schools was a major turning point in the problem of segregation in the USA. The desegregation of schools was the first step towards desegregation of society in southern states. The desegregation of schools was a massive problem in the USA, but was one that was successfully handled by the federal government. Once segregation was found to be unconstitutional, the Government had no choice but to abolish it in US schools. This was the first step towards total desegregation of American society and the acceptance of black citizens. However a certain animosity remained between the North and South for several years after the desegregation of schools, as the legacy of the Civil War remained. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. What is understood by the term the

    in the United States, believing it would foster a "rigid class society" 7 all those who entered into education were to be treated the same regardless of class, birth, religion, gender or colour, evidently however this was not general practice.

  2. History Coursework - Intolerance kkk

    This does not go against the constitution but it had a huge impact on the nation as a whole because of the ban and the after effects. This was also very hypocritical because another group that were against the consumption of alcohol were the KKK.

  1. Why Did The Segregation Of Schools Become A Problem InThe USA In The 1950s

    protestor didn't even defend themselves they were taken to jail for it. * Freedom Rides that were met by heavy resistance by southern whites who knew the routes the students were following. * The Birmingham March was held in Birmingham Alabama because it was one of the most segregated states in the country.

  2. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    Many states adopted the restrictive laws, enforcing racial segregation and the second-class status of African Americans. From here to 1896, Supreme Court cases destroyed many of the civil rights for black people. Here are some examples of the principles segregation promoted in the south.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    The USA flew supplies into Berlin to keep it out of Russian hands. 1948. The Fuchs case. It was revealed that a Russian spy, Fuchs had been receiving secrets from the USA about the US Atomic Bomb project. 1948. Alger Hiss an important official in the US State Department, and

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    Sharecroppers would get tools, animals, fertilizer, seeds and food from the landlord's store and would have to pay him back at incredibly high interest rates. The landlord would determine the crop, supervise production, control the weighing and marketing of cotton, and control the recordkeeping.

  1. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    On the 25th of September, the school was segregated. This was a big step as now black people were staying to be treated the same, it may of only been 9 people but it was the beginning to a happy ending.

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    This anti discrimination measure of desegregated schools only tended to increase racial tension and not diminish it. For example when black children were on their way to desegregated schools they were always jeered at and insulted. In a town in Arkansas called Little Rock during the year 1957 federal troops

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work