• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was the October revolution a popular uprising or a coup d(TM)tat?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was the October revolution a popular uprising or a coup d'�tat? There is one debate between historians about the October revolution in Russia in 1917, and this is whether it was a popular uprising or a coup d'�tat. A popular revolution is one that is supported, and sometimes led by the majority of the population of that country. A coup d'�tat is a quick seizure of government by a small group of people, often by using violence. It is not supported by the majority of the population, and force is used. One view of the October revolution is the Revisionist view. They 'wrote in the 1970's and were nicknamed the cold warriors'. This was because they thought that the hostile accounts of the October revolution were part of cold war tactics and that they may be biased, as they were influenced by the Vietnam War and were critical of American policies and ideas. ...read more.

Middle

This could be because they had to conform to the idolising views of the Bolshevik party, as many historians of their time had to. This means that this view may not be entirely trustworthy, as it is so biased. The predominant western view after 1945 differs greatly to the traditional Soviet view, as they viewed the October revolution as a coup d'�tat. They thought that it triggered the 'straight line' from Leninism and Bolshevism to Stalinism, which was total rule by a dictator with no civil rights or freedom to express political views or opinions. This makes the October revolution sound like it was not supported by the majority of the Russian revolution as they would have had no freedom of speech or civil rights. Unlike the traditional Soviet view, this view sees Lenin as being in complete control of the Bolshevik party, with the other members of the party being like 'puppets' to him and obeying his every command. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were definitely key figures in leading the October revolution, such as Lenin. Lenin's perseverance and ability to motivate people through his public speaking meant that the popularity of the Bolsheviks grew throughout Russia. Lenin became a recognised face with the working class and the support gained from the majority of the population due to this (from peasants, workers, soldiers and sailors). This can contribute to the argument that the October revolution was a popular uprising, as they had so much support from the Russian people. There was also an increase in radicalism throughout the population of Russia. People were beginning to want more radical things from the government, and the Bolsheviks were able to feed this new need for radicalism. This also shows that the October revolution could have been a popular uprising, as they were winning peoples support through their actions and policies. "Peace bread and land" was one of the slogans that brought popularity to the Bolsheviks, and promising land to the peasants was a radical idea (as it meant taking land off the landowners). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Account for the success of the Bolshevik revolution in

    Guchkov, the minister for war, argued on March 9th, 'The Provisional Government had no real force as its disposal.' The Provisional Government's decrees were carried out only to an extent the Soviet of Worker's and Soldiers' Deputies approved. 'In its hands (are)

  2. The October Russian Revolution - A Spontaneous Popular Workers' Revolution or a Coup d'etat?

    The Soviets worked very closely with the Bolsheviks. This shows there must have been some Bolshevik influence in this movement after the October meeting. These forces seized post and telegraph offices, electric works, railroad stations, and the state bank. All these areas, being key points in the city.

  1. Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

    The Tsar Nicholas way of ruling was autocracy. No one was allowed to question his authority or to challenge his power. The Russian Orthodox Church provided Nicholas with another way of controlling his people, by using Religion and the Autocraist belief.

  2. Was the October Revolution inevitable

    Many of the agitators were Jacobin in politics and avoided advocating constitutional aims with the majority remaining loyal to the Tsar and Nicholas the II his government. Further along we see the rise of the populist movement (Narodnichestvo) with inspiration from Herzen's writings (1812-70), a leading revolutionary writer, and a more severe Chernyshevsky (1828-89)

  1. What Were The Causes of The1905 Revolution & TheConsequences of The Uprising?

    Alexander II did set up limited local authorities called Zemstva, which mainly concentrated on agricultural issues. This created greater awareness amongst the people and a liberal class of Intelligencia was set up. They wanted Russia to become democratic and opposed the Tsars' autocratic rule and later became known as the 'Kadets'.

  2. Why was Lenin important in bringing about the October revolution?

    They believed that the working classes would, at some point, liberate themselves from the economic and political control of the ruling classes. Once they had achieved this, a genuine socialist society based on equality could be established. In their view, this process was bound to take place, sooner or later.

  1. Stalin and Lenin

    would be used to buy machinery for agriculture, so that meant that less workers were needed in the farms so they could be moved to the new industries thus industrialization could take place more rapidly, unfortunately Lenin's New Economic Plan hadn't worked as first hope so Stalin decided to get

  2. The Bolshevik Coup

    - The Provisional Government did a number of things, which they thought would help them prevent a Coup, however the precautions that they took weren't enough. They did the following: � Cut telephone wires to the Bolshevik Headquarters � Raised the bridges over the River Neva to stop crowds from

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work