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Was the Treaty of Versailles fair on Germany?

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Introduction

Was the Treaty of Versailles fair on Germany? When the armistice was signed in 1918, the Germans knew they would pay a price for peace, but expected the treaty to be fair and just as President Wilson was the main force in the treaty negotiations. President Wilson believed that the treaty should not be too harsh on Germany as they would have wanted revenge when they were stronger, so he declared 'Fourteen Points' that he felt should be featured for a fair treaty. The Social democrat leaders expected the Allies to help them in making Germany stable after the war, and for this reason wouldn't make the treaty too harsh as it would make it much more difficult. One of the conditions was the removal of the Kaiser and the introduction of a democratic government, this was done in 1919, the people felt that the new government couldn't be blamed for the war. ...read more.

Middle

Germany also lost 13% of its land including Saarland, Alsace- Lorraine and its overseas colonies; because of this a lot of Germany was divided. The treaty was signed in 1919 at Versailles, 27 nations attended the assembly. The three most important leaders were the French, British and American. The French wanted revenge on Germany as most of the war was fought in France, most of the damage was to the French people, and so they wanted to make Germany to pay. The British did not want revenge on Germany, but did want to make them pay for the damage caused, whereas the Americans wanted freedom, lasting peace and order. I think the treaty was harsh and vindictive on Germany because although they had to take a lot of blame for starting the war, a lot of it was due to the Kaisers liking for war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many of the German people saw the signing of the treaty as their government betraying them as many of them as they believed they could still have won the war. People started to revolt (Kapp Putsch), communism was now breeding in Germany, soldier that had just come back from war had to go and stop these people. The soldiers were also unhappy about the terms of the treaty, they did not like the restrictions put on them, many of these people became supporters of Hitler later on. Political extremism became part of everyday life, it was communism v. democracy, many of the communists were either arrested or shot dead. The treaty did not really achieve lasting peace, due to the conditions, Germany was in poverty, disease ridden, people did all they could to oppose the terms of the treaty. Because of this, hatred for the Allies grew among the Germans, which made them turn to the Nazi party. ...read more.

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