• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Were Contemporaries correct in regarding President Kennedy as the saviour of the Western World After The Cuban Missile Crisis?

Extracts from this document...


Were Contemporaries correct in regarding President Kennedy as the saviour of the Western World After The Cuban Missile Crisis? On October 22 1962, President Kennedy informed the world, that the Soviet Union was building missile bases in Cuba. Superpower brinkmanship came close to exploding into nuclear war because of these missiles. When Khrushchev finally backed down ,the crisis appeared to have ended victoriously for Kennedy and America. American propaganda took the opportunity to praise America's triumphant way of dealing with the crisis and Kennedy's role of saving the Western World from devastation. However recent research is critical of Kennedy's claim to be the Savior of the Western World, because he was not alone in resolving the situation, and Kennedy's negative attitude towards Cuba contributed in beginning, endorsing and escalating the crisis. American Media presented Kennedy's role in the Crisis as that of the Savior of the Western world. American propaganda said that his resolutness to soviet hostility had caused Khrushchev to remove soviet missiles from Cuba. A cartoon, drawn at the height of the cold war, presented the idea of the Crisis as an old fashioned Western shoot out. The cartoon enhanced Kennedy's reputation by presenting him as the good guy ,standing up to evil but also undermined Khrushchev's reputation. ...read more.


Kennedy took many steps to ensure that something like the crisis would never occur again. Kennedy set up a direct telephone line between Moscow and Washington in order to give the superpowers instant communication to one another and pursue d�tente. A Nuclear Test Ban treaty was signed in 1963. People thought that Kennedy really did care about the preserving of world peace because in Kennedy's speeches he expressed his desire and concern to 'Assure the survival and success of liberty'. Because of Kennedy's desperate steps to preserve world peace, in the eyes of America he was the savior of the Western world. However Historians are now critical of Kennedy's unrealistic attitude towards Cuba and hold him responsible for pushing Cuba closer to the Soviet Union. Kennedy failed to see that Castro was extremely popular with the Cuban people. Akexeyev quoted that 'At least ninety per cent of the people were for Fidel Castro' and that the Cuban people 'Idolized him. Every home had graffiti saying Fidel, this is your home'. Another criticism is Kennedy's support for an attempted invasion of Cuba at 'The Bay Of Pigs' in April 1961. By backing the Cuban rebels, Kennedy had caused Castro to move closer to the Soviets. ...read more.


The crisis ended when Kennedy unofficially agreed to remove the missiles in Turkey thus preventing an escalation into nuclear war. People thought that Kennedy lied throughout the crisis and held crucial information back from the people for his own good because Kennedy chose to hide the fact that the deal had been made for twenty - five years. Kennedy's way of dealing with the Cuban missile Crisis destabilized world peace by damaging the Americans affiliation with Cuba and France. America's relationship with Cuba was worse than ever. By expelling Cuba from the Organization of American states, Cuba became more reliant on the Soviet Union. The European Allies of the USA felt stunned at how little they were consulted throughout the catastrophe and felt insignificant. I feel that contemporaries were wrong to regard President Kennedy as the savoir of the Western world because although Kennedy successfully stopped the Crisis from escalating into nuclear war, if it were not for his actions towards Cuba in the beginning then the Cuban Missile Crisis would never have occurred. Kennedy's threats towards Cuba pushed Castro into a strong relationship with the Soviets and many things that Kennedy was praised for such as blockading Cuba were not even his own ideas. The cold war and super power rivalry continued until the Soviet president Gorbachev initiated peace proposels. By Charlotte Bool 11south ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Who was to blame for the Cold War?

    4 star(s)

    As a result of this plan, the United States sent money to central and eastern European countries in order to improve conditions and stimulate economic growth in order to lessen Communism's appeal.

  2. The Cold War

    America had never been attacked on its native soil and, when WWII was finished most Americans felt that they had saved China, rescued the Allies and made Russia able to push the Germans out of their country and then to conquer them.

  1. To what extent was Kennedy a great American President?

    "He was responsive, sensitive, humble before the people, and bold on their behalf". (Martin Luther King talking about Kennedy). This quote was written by Martin Luther King, a great civil rights fighter. Eventhough Kennedy didn't do much for Civil Rights, no one questioned him after his death.

  2. Describe the problems that President Kennedy faced in the years from 1961 to 1963

    This created more support for the Black Civil Rights Movement. This was a problem for Kennedy as there was another election coming up and he had only just won the last one. If he made sure the anti-segregation laws were enforced then he would lose support from the South, however

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    Due to the content of the song being mainly opinion. Making source N not a fully reliable presentation of Kennedy. As feeling changed towards Kennedy after his death. However, the song represents JFK as a friend of everybody. As if he made a connection with the public through his personality in his actions.

  2. To What Extent was Kennedy a Great American President.

    and the Soviet Union, where by the Soviets had more missiles than America, later on Kennedy found this to be untrue. In an attempt to catch up with the Americans the Soviets began to station missiles on communist Cuba. American spy planes flying over Cuba took photos of these sites

  1. reagon and gorbachev

    Gorbachev also knew that in order to survive the USSR needed to cut back on spending so this meant that the soviet unions massive defense spending would have to be dramatically cut back. He also knew that he would need to gain investment and new technology from the west.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    For 6 days in August 1965 blacks rampaged through the streets of LA and California. * In the South side Watts District 200 buildings was destroyed and a further 600 damaged by burning and looting. The Watts riots results in 34 deaths and 1,000+ injuries and almost 4,000 arrests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work