• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What methods did Stalin use to control the Soviet Union?

Extracts from this document...


What methods did Stalin use to control the Soviet Union? There are several methods Stalin had introduced to obtain control over the Soviet Union by directing individual policies and techniques into a particular group. Early on the time Stalin had seized power over Russia, he had immediately brought out his version of the cult of personality. It was also referred as the 'cult of Stalin'. As a technique it was brought out to push the glorification of Stalin into every corner of the work place, street and home with posters and leaflets parading on Stalin's success and undeniable leadership. This idea of propaganda had helped manipulate fellow Russians to believe that Stalin was somehow god-like due to his superior rank. Education and censorship were strictly controlled and played an important role in part of Stalin's key features of control. Books were rewritten, censored and introduced to teach everyone the ideas of Stalin in schools. Stalin had also had all the history of the old communists erased from education books and reprinted to modified version that gave him more of an elevated role in the textbooks. ...read more.


These aspects were focused around industry and agriculture of Russia. In 1929, collectivization was introduced to increase agriculture over a 5-year plan. It was appointed to the peasants in whom they were encouraged to group strips of land together and form a collective farm where they would work together and share everything from food to clothing. This form of collective farms was called ' Kolkhoz' and it helped the peasants to farm efficiently as well live better, make Russia more modern and promote communist ideas. However, there were disputes against the idea of collectivization from the peasants as they felt rationing food will cause starvation for themselves. In later cases, this did lead to famine when harvest was bad in 1932. But the real purpose of this 5-year policy was to gather grains and food so that workers could be fed within the industrializing cities and factories but also gain money for industrialization. Even though this policy gave Stalin ultimate power over agriculture and the working class, millions had died and starved in result. ...read more.


The Gulag was also a feature part of industrialization, however workers were expected to live less than 2 years in the forced labor camp. Following on, this method did involve propaganda to encourage potential workers to join in the plan through a propaganda story of Stakhanov; a hard working employee. Stalin had run this plan 3 times all of which did not meet all of its aims and targets but he did gain a developed control over the work force. In overall, Stalin had created and introduced numbers of methods, whether they were forced or ideas to catapult him to more control over the Soviet Union. He had also targeted different groups from children to farmers in order to build power nation wide through propaganda and fear. This in summary had made him more superior for he controlled what was produced and how it could be used within the country so Russia could develop into an independent country. Even though some methods were unsuccessful they were very effective in favor of Stalin and his rule of power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    Due to this persecution the kulaks killed all of their livestock rather than hand their animals to the collective farms. This was one of the world's greatest massacres of livestock; it took Russia many years to recover from this disaster.

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    remarked 'when the head is off, one does not grieve for the hair'6. Millions of peasants died as a result of collectivisation and 'dekulakisation', particularly during the famine of 1932-33 in Ukraine and North Caucasus. However Stalin maintained that the mass collective farm-movement was strengthening the bond between the workers and peasants and alleviating the grain crisis.

  1. How did Stalin control Russia from 1924-1953?

    He also removed Trotsky from any photographs. Stalin had school textbooks rewritten, to show him and Lenin as the heroes of Russia, and made him look like he had a bigger part in the Revolution and civil war than was actually true.

  2. How important was Lenin compared to Stalin in creating the Soviet Union?

    The Cheka made sure that nobody in Bolshevik territories cooperated with the whites (the opponents.) As a result there were many beatings, hangings and shootings of opponents or even suspects. The people who suffered most were ordinary workers and above all peasants in the areas where the fighting was most prominent.

  1. Consider this judgement on the consequences of Stalin's leadership of the Soviet Union 1928 ...

    The government blamed the Kulaks (well off peasants) and sent civil servants to collect all available grain, imprisoning those who did not surrender their crop. In 1929, the policy of liquidation of the Kulaks as a class was implemented along with enforced collectivisation.

  2. Russia 1905-1945 Stalin - man or monster - source based questions

    Both sources have an indirect agreement because they both come to the conclusion that Stalin was a violent man and that he used the terror to kill those people who were a threat for him. In Source H Stalin accusses him about killing Kirov, by saying: ��This suspicious created in

  1. Was Stalin a Disaster For the Soviet Union?

    Stalin also knew however that image was everything and made it his job to make Trotsky look bad. He succeeded at this when for Lenin's funeral Stalin managed to convince Trotsky that he would not be able to make it in time.

  2. In what sense did the policies of collectivization and industrialization constitute a second revolution ...

    The five year plans The first five year plan4 ran from 1 October 1928 to 31 December 19325 . It was a left wing theory that sided with taking capital from the peasantry through tax and grain collection (buying grain at a low price)6 and investing it in industry.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work