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What started World War 1

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Introduction

What started World War 1? World War 1 was the result of a string of events that built up underlying tensions between countries, which finally exploded into war. Here are the points on what I think started the World War 1. France lost a war against Russia in 1871. The victorious Russia joined with other German states to create a new country; a united Germany. The now powerful Germany seized border territory called Alsace-Lorraine from defeated France. This meant that Germany and France remained enemies. France wanted revenge for their defeat and wanted to regain control of the territory of Alsace-Lorraine. Germany knew that France would want revenge and so began to build alliances to strengthen itself and to ensure that France remained weak and isolated. Competitions competed against each other to have the strongest and most powerful empire. Also, the more colonies they had the more man power they had. By January 1914 Great Britain had an overseas population of 390 million people. ...read more.

Middle

This meant that a war would involve many other countries, even if it had started off between only two of them, as countries promised to protect their ally. Smaller countries were more aggressive and confident as they relied on their stronger allies. Inside the Austria-Hungarian there were different groups of people who wanted Independence. They wanted to create their own country with their own customs, laws, and government. In particular, the 'Slavs' who lived across Balkans, wanted to unite and form their own country. Austria however didn't want them to break away from their own Empire, as they feared their Empire would collapse. This meant that Serbia wanted to unite the 'Slavs' under its rule, especially those trapped within the Austrian Empire. There were wars in the Balkans in 1912 - 1913. Serbia had strengthened its position and Russia stirred up and supported the 'Slavs' in order to have more influence in the region, and to ensure Austria didn't. ...read more.

Conclusion

And so the chain reaction started. Germany first attacked France, by first marching into Belgium. They followed the Schlieffen Plan as they were being attacked by France on the East and Russia on the West. The plan set by General Schlieffen was to attack France first, before Russia, in a case where the country was being attacked by both sides. Because the German soldiers walked into Belgium, Britain and Belgium both declared war on France because Britain and Belgium were alliances. When Russia then declared war on Germany they had to split the troops in France to fight Russia as they hadn't expected Russia to mobilise their troops that fast (10 days). This meant that France didn't have enough troops. To conclude, I personally think that Germany is the country to blame for World War 1 to begin because they were greedy and wanted a lot of power which meant they started competing with Britain just to show they were better and also because they were jealous of the other countries having better weapons then they did, e.g. they were jealous of Britain because Britain had a dreadnought. This began the fight between the alliances. ...read more.

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