• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What started World War 1

Extracts from this document...


What started World War 1? World War 1 was the result of a string of events that built up underlying tensions between countries, which finally exploded into war. Here are the points on what I think started the World War 1. France lost a war against Russia in 1871. The victorious Russia joined with other German states to create a new country; a united Germany. The now powerful Germany seized border territory called Alsace-Lorraine from defeated France. This meant that Germany and France remained enemies. France wanted revenge for their defeat and wanted to regain control of the territory of Alsace-Lorraine. Germany knew that France would want revenge and so began to build alliances to strengthen itself and to ensure that France remained weak and isolated. Competitions competed against each other to have the strongest and most powerful empire. Also, the more colonies they had the more man power they had. By January 1914 Great Britain had an overseas population of 390 million people. ...read more.


This meant that a war would involve many other countries, even if it had started off between only two of them, as countries promised to protect their ally. Smaller countries were more aggressive and confident as they relied on their stronger allies. Inside the Austria-Hungarian there were different groups of people who wanted Independence. They wanted to create their own country with their own customs, laws, and government. In particular, the 'Slavs' who lived across Balkans, wanted to unite and form their own country. Austria however didn't want them to break away from their own Empire, as they feared their Empire would collapse. This meant that Serbia wanted to unite the 'Slavs' under its rule, especially those trapped within the Austrian Empire. There were wars in the Balkans in 1912 - 1913. Serbia had strengthened its position and Russia stirred up and supported the 'Slavs' in order to have more influence in the region, and to ensure Austria didn't. ...read more.


And so the chain reaction started. Germany first attacked France, by first marching into Belgium. They followed the Schlieffen Plan as they were being attacked by France on the East and Russia on the West. The plan set by General Schlieffen was to attack France first, before Russia, in a case where the country was being attacked by both sides. Because the German soldiers walked into Belgium, Britain and Belgium both declared war on France because Britain and Belgium were alliances. When Russia then declared war on Germany they had to split the troops in France to fight Russia as they hadn't expected Russia to mobilise their troops that fast (10 days). This meant that France didn't have enough troops. To conclude, I personally think that Germany is the country to blame for World War 1 to begin because they were greedy and wanted a lot of power which meant they started competing with Britain just to show they were better and also because they were jealous of the other countries having better weapons then they did, e.g. they were jealous of Britain because Britain had a dreadnought. This began the fight between the alliances. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WW1 Schlieffen plan

    The Germans also used planes to attack British trenches and 'dog fights' ensued, again the two armies cancelled each other out. The German Zeppelin was a big 'blimp' that carried huge amounts of bombs, dropping them on many towns and cities throughout England.

  2. The Schlieffen Plan

    The picture on the below shows what actually happened when the plan was being used. As you can see the German forces are blocked by the allies. The definition of a stalemate is when there is a deadlock in a battle situation when neither side can make any progress.

  1. Gallic war

    However Sulla eventually gave in; undermined his own constitution by granting Pompey's triumph. Sulla died in 78. Revolt of Lepidus * Lepidus raised army in revolt in 77, when he was proconsul of Gaul. Senate passed consultum ultimum, which declared Lepidus public enemy.

  2. Why did the Germans lose in Russia?

    Many Russians fought fiercely against the Germans because of this and there were many replacements for any soldier that fell as the Russians were determined to beat Germany and Hitler. There was another reason why Germany inspired so many Russians to fight - the Germans treated many Soviet citizens so badly that they joined the Partisans to fight them.

  1. Nazi Germany

    It is also the merchant shipping flag. Paragraph 3 The Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor shall order the form of the Reich wall flag and the Reich service flag. Paragraph 4 The Secretary of the Interior will together with the Secretary of War issue the necessary law and administrative ordinances.

  2. Why did the second world war break out?

    He went against the Munich agreement to which he had made with Britain promising that he would not invade the rest of Czechoslovakia if he took over the Sudetenland. Hitler later ripped up the agreement and invaded Czechoslovakia. Hitler's desire to go to war was also key in the breaking out of the War.

  1. World War 1 Promises

    This contradicted the other two promises as it was agreed that Britain would control Palestine after WW1. This is what happened after the war ended. Israeli Jewish Reaction The Jewish community's reaction to the world war one promises was mixed.

  2. World War 1 Project - causes, weapons and the finish.

    Tank Tanks were used for the first time in the First World War, at the Battle of the Somme. The first ever tank was called 'Little Willie' and needed a crew of 3. Its maximum speed was 3mph and it could not cross trenches.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work