• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Was The Nature & Purpose of the Holocaust?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - The Holocaust What was the nature and purpose of the Holocaust? To fully understand the nature and purpose of the Holocaust, we must first understand what the word itself means. Holocaust means complete destruction, usually by fire, but has come to be used almost exclusively in reference to the genocide of European Jews by the Nazis from 1933 to 1945. The term Holocaust came into use because of the obvious destruction involved and when disposing of the bodies from concentration camps they were burned which relates back to the original meaning of the word holocaust. The Holocaust climaxed between 1941 and the end of World War Two when the Final Solution to the Jewish problem was put into practice and ended with over six million men, women and children dead. The murders had been widespread and Jews had died in most European countries from Denmark to Yugoslavia, but the country which accumulated the greatest death toll by far was Poland with over four and a half million dying there. This was largely due to the main concentration camps being situated in this country. One might ask why? What was the reason for such a brutal extermination on such an overwhelming scale? ...read more.

Middle

Hitler blamed the defeat in WW1 on the Jews diluting the Aryan race and weakening the fighting spirit. He claimed that they were a parasite, behind Germany's economic problems and a communist plot. When Hitler came to power he proceeded to institutionalize anti-semitism from 1933. In March there was much apparently sporadic and unplanned violence against Jews erupting around Germany, generally organized by SA members. Jews were forced to wear a star of David at all times, so as other German people could recognize them immediately. On 1 April, Jewish shops and businesses were boycotted by all citizens as ordered by Hitler. In the following weeks and months the Jews were driven out of every other profession including civil service, journalism, law and teaching. On the 10th May books by Jewish authors were burned in Berlin during sessions organized by Nazis. In September 1935 the Nuremburg laws were passed which meant that Jews were no longer considered German citizens and made marriage and sexual relations between Jews and Germans illegal. This was to reinforce the message that Jews were inferior and to preserve the purity of the Aryan race. The Nuremburg laws were very significant as they institutionalized anti-semitism and drove nearly half a million Jews from Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, many of the killers were becoming psychologically ravaged by having to shoot so many people and ammunition was expensive. So, the Wannsee conference was called. Hitler, Heydrich and Himmler sat down to discuss how to kill more Jews for less money and then dispose of the remains. There it was decided that gas chambers and crematoriums would be the most efficient method. Many still died from natural causes. The journey to the concentration camp and the living conditions inside the ghetto still remained sub human. Many would die en route to one of the camps (Auswitchz, Treblinka) because of the overcrowded conditions and weather extremes along with food and water shortages. In conclusion, the Holocaust was the deliberate and systematic destruction of the Jewish people by Nazi Germany. Whether or not this was pre-meditated or simply a reaction to a chain of events following the outbreak of WWII is debatable, but regardless of this, the Nazis still committed genocide on a massive scale. Anti-Semitism had existed long before the Holocaust in many different parts of the world, but the Nazis took it to a new level. Hitler institutionalized racism in order to get rid of the Jews, and that is what led to such an immense massacre and set the Nazis apart. Caoimhe McWilliams Question 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Operation Barbarossa

    The armoured divisions were moving forward approximately 50 miles a day and this was due to the Blitzkrieg tactics, the reliable German weapons and machines and Stalin's ignorance which had allowed them to advance at such a speed due to a lack of opposition and numbers of Russian troops.

  2. Rwanda vs Holocaust

    National Flag, another reason why the victims were chosen was that the people who had disease wore a necklace saying that they had AIDS. Although, the Nazis went for a specific group of people, those people were chosen because they had the Star of David on their arms this made them stand out and they could get tracked easily.

  1. Nazi Germany

    teachers and professors burned any and every book that wasn't acceptable within the Nazi ideas and policies. However, Goebbels obsession didn't just remain in books, soon artists, writers and even singers had to have their work approved before they could release it!

  2. How did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    because it still had to pay reparations to the Allies, the problems were most acute in Germany. Hitler's ideas now had a special relevance: "Is the Weimar government indecisive? Then Germany needs a strong leader! Are reparations adding to Germany's problems?

  1. The Holocaust

    During the boycott Nazi party supporters stood outside Jewish shops threatening customers. The windows of shops were smeared with slogans such as "Do not buy from Jewish shops". Offices and doctors' surgeries had slogans like "The Jews are our misfortune!"

  2. Alexander Von Humboldt in Colombia

    El car�cter human�stico de Humboldt se ve reflejado en su cr�tica a la esclavitud en el virreinato de la Nueva Granada, Humboldt se declarar�a partidario de los Derechos Humano recogidos en las constituciones de Estados Unidos y en los estamentos de la Revoluci�n Francesa y la Declaraci�n universal de los derechos del hombre y el ciudadano.

  1. To what extent and why did Machiavelli’s views on politics and human nature in ...

    trusted at first are.'2 Machiavelli decided the best way to prove his worth to Medici was by writing a guide on how to be not only an effective ruler, but to rule in a way that would ensure the survival of his government in future generations, ensure 'the well-being of

  2. Battlefields Coursework

    Farm, right down to the smallest cemeteries for single Regiments like the Devonshire. The French only have one major cemetery, Notre Dame de Lorette, which is the largest cemetery in the area. The Germans however only have one: Langemark Cemetery, which is of small proportions but holds a great number of bodies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work