• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the consequences of the failure of the league in the 1930s?

Extracts from this document...


Focus Task: What were the consequences of the failure of the league in the 1930s? The league was, overall, a failure. There were numerous reasons for why the league failed in the 1930s. These included the self-interest of leading members, economic sanctions did not work, America and other important countries were absent, the league had to cope with a lack of troops, the treaties it had to uphold were seen as unfair and also, the decisions that the league made were slow. The first major test for the League came when the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931. Japan, like many other countries around the world, was suffering due to the Depression caused by the Wall Street Crash in America. Japan was also a permanent member of the League's council (and it also had a VETO with this position) and by the 1920s Japan had become a major power. It had a very powerful army and navy - army leaders often dictated government policy; it had a strong industry, exporting goods to the USA and China in particular; it had a growing empire which included the Korean peninsular. The depression had hit Japan quite hard. Both America and China put up TARIFFS (trade barriers) ...read more.


They became angry and retaliated by openly rearming again. In February 1932 a Disarmament Conference was underway. It had proposed the principle of equality, which had failed. They also retaliated by walking out of the League of Nations within the same year. The League was losing believers, respect and members, whilst it was gaining humiliation and embarrassment. In January 1933 Germany had announced their return to the league after domestic pressure. This became good news for the League as they felt they were now going to begin re-gaining its respect again. In May 1933, Hitler promised not to rearm Germany if 'in five years all other nations destroyed their arms'. This was not going to happen, certainly not with France - who was paranoid and afraid of a German invasion in the future. Hitler was still rearming at this point in time, although he acted as if he only wished for peace. In October 1933 Hitler withdrew from the Disarmament Conference, and soon after took Germany out of the League altogether. Everyone knew by now, that Hitler was rearming and they began to rearm quickly too. An arms race was on. The disarmament conference continued and held on for life, but it finally ended in 1934. ...read more.


The League's members such as France and Britain had colonies surrounding Abyssinia and even then they failed to take action. This showed how amazingly lazy and ineffective the League was and the economic sanctions were the wrong sanctions to choose. The League had made a huge blunder of this one. Hitler had observed and would take a gamble in the near future. The Abyssinian crisis was a major disaster for the league. In March 1936 Hitler had risked marching his troops into the Rhineland knowing that the League of Nations couldn't bare another defeat. This was in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Britain would not do much but France would protest. Hitler's gambled had worked. The Fascist revolution had begun. The treaties from the First World War had been broken and too many Nations now began to worry amongst themselves. Hitler managed to break every ruling from the treaty of Versailles. He managed to form a Rome-Berlin Axis whilst the Abyssinian crisis was taking place. Later, Italy and Germany would open their arms to Japan, forming the "Anti-Comintern Pact". The League had faced a huge failure and was forced to close as majority of her members decided to walk out, thus, making it almost completely dead. Humayun Ahmad 4APJ GCSE History - Mr. Davis ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain why the League of Nations failed to deal successfully with the Japanese invasion ...

    In areas were it could not improve social justice, the League would keep records of what was going on, on problems such as drug trafficking, prostitution and slavery. Many countries and areas would be happy, as this would lower the crime rate and make places a better place to live in.

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Germany did not start the war it was a whole number of things but they were being forced to say that they did. This did not affect the country like the reparations did, but it was more to do with the pride of the country.

  1. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    Modern industrial life depends on transportation, and people can not live without that option. Keynes also regards Europe as "a country population able to support life on the fruits of its own agricultural production but without the accustomed surplus". He mentions that Europe's industrialization causes the lack of livelihood and may not import.

  2. Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930's?

    both gathered only once a year. This is proof of how little the League and the bodies within it met. Often a decision would not be reached until it was pointless. For example when they were trying to stop Mussolini invading Abyssinia. They had put sanction bans on loans, rubber, tin and metal and had delayed

  1. Looking at the track record of the League of Nations, there are very few ...

    * In may 1933, Hitler promised not to rearm (even though he was already doing it) * In june 1933, brirtain produced an 'ambitious' disarmament plan * And finally in October 1933, (a year and a half after the first conference)

  2. Why did the League of Nations fail to keep peace in the 1930's?

    not use whatever strength Germany had to support its campaign against aggressor nations. Russia was also not allowed to join as in 1917; she had a communist government that generated fear in Western Europe. Such a country could not be allowed to take its place in the League.

  1. To what extent was appeasement the correct policy during the 1930s?

    This is why Hitler was allowed to make an Anschluss with Austria, and after taking a plebiscite where 99.75% of Austrians wanted to ally with Germany, the British and French government felt no need to prevent Germany from its plans of peace.

  2. Japanese Invade Manchuria

    This would stop countries from bickering over other countries having their men. It also helped the refugee crisis in turkey in 1922, housing hundreds of thousands of people in refugee camps and quickly stamped out cholera, smallpox and dysentery in the camps.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work