• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign? By the year 1932, President Herbert Hoover's presidency was in crisis. Despite the many steps he had taken, such as the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, to halt the effects of the Great Depression, the country's economy had slumped all the more. The relief efforts that had been set up by the government also failed to take full effect. On top of this, Hoover believed that while people should not starve (he was infact a passionate humanitarian), he also believed that relief should largely be a local effort. Unfortunately, it was badly underestimated just how much government help was needed, and many of the American people felt badly let down by Hoover, whom they saw as sacrificing them on the grounds of upholding an outdated "laissez-faire" attitude. Many modern historians, however, believe that traditional views of Hoover's presidency have been too critical. Hoover himself cannot be said to be responsible for the Great Depression, and he did try to combat it. ...read more.

Middle

However, Roosevelt was a born campaigner. He was one of the first politicians to use propaganda to such a large effect. He was the first to ever use radio to get his views across to thousands of people across the States. Unlike Hoover, Roosevelt knew how to charm the press, and he used this to his advantage. A vast propaganda campaign was set up, and posters and leaflets were spread across the country, attacking Hoover's policies. With the help of his wife Eleanor, his messages reached far and wide. Using these methods, Roosevelt tried to appeal to those who were out of work or stuck in low pay. He argued that the federal government, far from sitting back and "overseeing" things, should play an active part in regeneration. New laws would be set up to regulate industries, and extra money would be pumped into public services. These ideas seemed radical at the time, since the federal government had never played such an active role. However, Roosevelt's policies appealed to the average low paid man who was looking for change in the way the country was being run. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Crash of 1929 wiped out many veterans' savings and jobs, forcing them out into the streets. Groups of veterans began to organise and petition the government to pay them their cash bonus immediately. By the end of May over 3,000 veterans and their families had made their way to the capital. There were clashes between the government and the veterans, and eventually Hoover ordered their removal by force. The bringing in of US forces made Hoover extremely unpopular, especially ass the protests had meant to be peaceful. With this final nail in the coffin, it seemed unlikely that Hoover would be re-elected. Roosevelt won the election campaign with over 57 per cent of the popular vote, the largest majority his party had ever enjoyed. This landslide victory was a devastating blow to the Republicans, and it firmly rooted the Democrats and a major source of political power in the future. Hoover indeed carried only four New England states and but two others, Roosevelt took the rest. He won a huge majority in the Hose of Representatives and a large one in the Senate. Jubilant bands played as the news was released, and America prepared itself for a new era in history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    people, giving him a powerbase form which to launch his ambitious New Deal recovery program. Among those were agencies to provide immediate emergency relief (FERA), much needed employment for workers (CCC and CWA etc.) and to get struggling families and businesses back on track (HOLC, FHA and AAA).

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    Roosevelt is portrayed as an incompetent president who dispite the power he has, does not know what he is doing. The cartoon entitled "Priming the Pump" is making fun of a famour phrase Roosevelt said : pump priming. This was the label given to his policies, due to the way

  1. History depth study coursework-USA 1919-1945.

    Capone says that all he does is "supply a public demand". This statement shows that if the people did not want it, then there was not much reason to have it which would also be a cause for the ending of Prohibition.

  2. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    The main reason why farmers who were generally participants of the black population opposed this agency was because it was the modernisation of equipment that had put most of them into unemployment in the first point so it was not help9ing in the slightest.

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    Another term that the Republican Government concentrated on was "Rugged Individualism" which meant that anyone could become a millionaire in America. All you had to do was work hard and make more money and you could become rich very quickly.

  2. Use Source A and your Knowledge of the Period to Explain why People Supported ...

    In contrast to this Source B states that Roosevelt was tackling the unemployment problem with 'energy'. It mentions that he employed 3 million young men to plant 17 million acres of new forests and build over 6 million dams to stop erosion.

  1. Explain The Main Features of the New Deal

    It abolished the isolationist views of America and also allowed federal governments to trade with one another. It also split the budget of the Government into two parts. The Emergency Budget - needed to bring America out of the depression and had to be demanding on an impermanent basis, and the Regular Budget - for normal government needs.

  2. How Far Was Roosevelt Himself Responsible for his Election Victory in 1932?

    Hoover's policy of "rugged individualism" (that Americans had plenty of opportunity to help themselves without having to rely on the government) was not what the people needed at that stage - they desperately needed someone who would intervene, who would help put an end to the mass poverty and unemployment

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work