• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign? By the year 1932, President Herbert Hoover's presidency was in crisis. Despite the many steps he had taken, such as the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, to halt the effects of the Great Depression, the country's economy had slumped all the more. The relief efforts that had been set up by the government also failed to take full effect. On top of this, Hoover believed that while people should not starve (he was infact a passionate humanitarian), he also believed that relief should largely be a local effort. Unfortunately, it was badly underestimated just how much government help was needed, and many of the American people felt badly let down by Hoover, whom they saw as sacrificing them on the grounds of upholding an outdated "laissez-faire" attitude. Many modern historians, however, believe that traditional views of Hoover's presidency have been too critical. Hoover himself cannot be said to be responsible for the Great Depression, and he did try to combat it. ...read more.

Middle

However, Roosevelt was a born campaigner. He was one of the first politicians to use propaganda to such a large effect. He was the first to ever use radio to get his views across to thousands of people across the States. Unlike Hoover, Roosevelt knew how to charm the press, and he used this to his advantage. A vast propaganda campaign was set up, and posters and leaflets were spread across the country, attacking Hoover's policies. With the help of his wife Eleanor, his messages reached far and wide. Using these methods, Roosevelt tried to appeal to those who were out of work or stuck in low pay. He argued that the federal government, far from sitting back and "overseeing" things, should play an active part in regeneration. New laws would be set up to regulate industries, and extra money would be pumped into public services. These ideas seemed radical at the time, since the federal government had never played such an active role. However, Roosevelt's policies appealed to the average low paid man who was looking for change in the way the country was being run. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Crash of 1929 wiped out many veterans' savings and jobs, forcing them out into the streets. Groups of veterans began to organise and petition the government to pay them their cash bonus immediately. By the end of May over 3,000 veterans and their families had made their way to the capital. There were clashes between the government and the veterans, and eventually Hoover ordered their removal by force. The bringing in of US forces made Hoover extremely unpopular, especially ass the protests had meant to be peaceful. With this final nail in the coffin, it seemed unlikely that Hoover would be re-elected. Roosevelt won the election campaign with over 57 per cent of the popular vote, the largest majority his party had ever enjoyed. This landslide victory was a devastating blow to the Republicans, and it firmly rooted the Democrats and a major source of political power in the future. Hoover indeed carried only four New England states and but two others, Roosevelt took the rest. He won a huge majority in the Hose of Representatives and a large one in the Senate. Jubilant bands played as the news was released, and America prepared itself for a new era in history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    He argued Roosevelt did not do enough for poor people and set uo a National Union for Social Justice which attracked millions of Americans. However, his ideas were confusing and he lost the mayority of his audience by 1940. 4)

  2. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    Unfortunately, he did not see that there was virtually no-one who could afford to buy any goods at all, imported or not. His reaction to this perceived problem was to impose a number of trade tariffs against foreign goods. Naturally this caused many retaliation tariffs from the countries whose goods had virtually been excluded from the American market.

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    Items became cheaper than before and people brought less. America's economy looked very strong but there were many weaknesses lying beneath the economy. People thought that the boom would last forever but to their surprise it did not. In October 1929,the American boom came to a sudden end.

  2. History depth study coursework-USA 1919-1945.

    street, "I was sent to 12th Street" to avoid any wondering eyes. Source I does tell is that it is behind the back, but the extent that it shows that source J is telling the truth is not clarified as it seems as though the officer was not that up in the knowledge of the gangs.

  1. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    The black population was not respected in the ages of Roosevelt as they are nowadays and there were many policies that would be there to undermine them or make them inferior to the white population. A perfect example of this is the new wage code that had been introduced which

  2. Roosevelt, the 1932 election and the New deal. Source based questions.

    This represents Roosevelt pouring all of America's money into trying to solve the problems, instead or fixing the source of the problems. The pump is leaking the $16 billion that Roosevelt has already spent on the New Deal, showing that FDR is not spending the money wisely.

  1. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    But the only way the country would stay out of depression is if money is being constantly being spent. Roosevelt method was to hurriedly get people into jobs, this may be getting the figures down but the agencies were criticised for not supplying 'real jobs'.

  2. Explain The Main Features of the New Deal

    I will now look at how Roosevelt's Alphabet Agencies outlined the main aims of the New Deal. Certain groups that Roosevelt wanted to help were aided by specific clusters of agencies. The agencies were all government controlled and dealt with the certain issues of that chosen group.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work