• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the main features of Roosevelt's 1932 election campaign? By the year 1932, President Herbert Hoover's presidency was in crisis. Despite the many steps he had taken, such as the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, to halt the effects of the Great Depression, the country's economy had slumped all the more. The relief efforts that had been set up by the government also failed to take full effect. On top of this, Hoover believed that while people should not starve (he was infact a passionate humanitarian), he also believed that relief should largely be a local effort. Unfortunately, it was badly underestimated just how much government help was needed, and many of the American people felt badly let down by Hoover, whom they saw as sacrificing them on the grounds of upholding an outdated "laissez-faire" attitude. Many modern historians, however, believe that traditional views of Hoover's presidency have been too critical. Hoover himself cannot be said to be responsible for the Great Depression, and he did try to combat it. ...read more.

Middle

However, Roosevelt was a born campaigner. He was one of the first politicians to use propaganda to such a large effect. He was the first to ever use radio to get his views across to thousands of people across the States. Unlike Hoover, Roosevelt knew how to charm the press, and he used this to his advantage. A vast propaganda campaign was set up, and posters and leaflets were spread across the country, attacking Hoover's policies. With the help of his wife Eleanor, his messages reached far and wide. Using these methods, Roosevelt tried to appeal to those who were out of work or stuck in low pay. He argued that the federal government, far from sitting back and "overseeing" things, should play an active part in regeneration. New laws would be set up to regulate industries, and extra money would be pumped into public services. These ideas seemed radical at the time, since the federal government had never played such an active role. However, Roosevelt's policies appealed to the average low paid man who was looking for change in the way the country was being run. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Crash of 1929 wiped out many veterans' savings and jobs, forcing them out into the streets. Groups of veterans began to organise and petition the government to pay them their cash bonus immediately. By the end of May over 3,000 veterans and their families had made their way to the capital. There were clashes between the government and the veterans, and eventually Hoover ordered their removal by force. The bringing in of US forces made Hoover extremely unpopular, especially ass the protests had meant to be peaceful. With this final nail in the coffin, it seemed unlikely that Hoover would be re-elected. Roosevelt won the election campaign with over 57 per cent of the popular vote, the largest majority his party had ever enjoyed. This landslide victory was a devastating blow to the Republicans, and it firmly rooted the Democrats and a major source of political power in the future. Hoover indeed carried only four New England states and but two others, Roosevelt took the rest. He won a huge majority in the Hose of Representatives and a large one in the Senate. Jubilant bands played as the news was released, and America prepared itself for a new era in history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    of money without investing any of their money in the first place. As soon as the citizens of the country started to consume less, there was less demand in products and many factories had a lot of supply. There was more supply and less demand and warehouses became full of consumer goods.

  2. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    Instead, the dollar became more competitive with foreign currencies and made American exports more viable to overseas buyers. This helped businesses to offload a small percentage of their excess goods overseas, and still make a moderate profit. While it did not completely cure the export problem, it was a definitive step in the right direction.

  1. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    For instance Germany and the U.K both had unemployment problems also, but thye took measure to deal with the problem but not as expensively as the USA. By raising so much extra money in taxation, Roosevelt may have actually harmed the the long term prospects for the recovery of the US economy.

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    Within those who thought he did not do enough for American people there were socialists and communists and individuals such as Huey Long, Doctor Francis Townsend and the priest Father Coughlin. Socialists and communists opposed the New Deal because they thought and believed that as long as there were communities

  1. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    There were agencies that were set up to help these groups of people but they usually made the problem worse, for example an alphabet agency, the AAA, or the Agricultural Adjustment Administration. This agency was set up to help agricultural farmers to modernise their equipment and methods of farming.

  2. History depth study coursework-USA 1919-1945.

    Also as Prohibition started in 1920, the enormous increase in illegal stills shows that even from the start, there was going to be some problem enforcing Prohibition. The gallons of spirits seized also dramatically increased between the period of 1921 to 1925 where it increased by 10 616 000.

  1. Roosevelt, the 1932 election and the New deal. Source based questions.

    Question 4 Study sources E, F and G. Are these cartoons for or against Roosevelt? Explain your answer with reference to the cartoons. Source E is blatantly against Roosevelt. It shows Roosevelt trying to work a pump by pouring a lot of water into it, but no matter how much

  2. Explain The Main Features of the New Deal

    (one of his alphabet agencies) which enabled America to insure deposits of up to $5,000. This meant American trust in the banking system was greatly restored and intensely helped Roosevelt's aim of recovery. Roosevelt also passed the Economy Act, which was an act to basically pump more money in to the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work