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Which of the following views best explain the fall of Tsarism of Russia?

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Introduction

History coursework BY ROHAN DESAI 11T TASK 1: Which of the following views best explain the fall of Tsarism of Russia? : (I) "Autocracy is an outdated form of government not suited to twentieth century Russia." By Count Leo Tolstoy. (II) "Without war Tsarist Russia would have survived and prospered." By V.N.Kokovstov. The fall of Nicholas II and Tsarism was the occurrence of the Revolution of March 17th. The revolution was sparked off by the pressures of war although it had its roots in the failure of the Tsarist regime to modernise itself. Russia was in a state in which the people enjoyed very little political freedom, and in which industrialization had only just commenced. His reluctance to delegate power eventually lost him the trust of nearly every social group in Russia society. There are two main views which are seen by that caused the fall of Tsarism. One view is that Tsarism was seen to be inadequate and insufficiently effective before 1914. The other view is that Tsarism was prospering and surviving and had it not been for the war which fatally undermined it, Russia would have continued to flourish and slowly develop into a great power. ...read more.

Middle

Even though Natural Increase is not into account and that these cities are not compared with other overseas cities, it identifies that Russia was gradually modernizing up till 1914 when the war broke out therefore demonstrating that the war was the eventual cause for the downfall of Tsarism. This source is reliable but selective as it only offers statistics for certain years in between 1880-1914. Count Leo Tolstoy was an aristocrat who believed in reform even though he owned a lot of land and was an upper-class citizen. He was a strong figure across Europe therefore he could talk against the Tsar and not be arrested. He was also a Pacifist which meant that he did not believe in violence. His quote informs us that Autocracy and the leadership of one overall supreme leader is a form of government which is not acceptable in the modern 20th Century. Tolstoy believed that mistakes made by the Tsar before the war was the cause of the fall of Tsarism. Source 2 is a table of statistics showing Russia's industrial output with that of other countries involved in the First World War. ...read more.

Conclusion

The comment ends with that the problem would have been resolved if the zemstvos, who were the local councils in Russia, were asked to co-operate with the Tsar. However, the Tsar resented to that as he did not like the zemstvos, due to their demand for reforms in the past. This shows that because of the Tsar's selfishness to co-operate with the zemstvos as well as a chance to unite Russia, the army suffered in the battlefield and could not fight properly, eventually causing the Tsar to abdicate to create the fall of Tsarism. Tolstoy's view is correct although there were signs that Russia was evolving into a more modern country. There were signs of economic growth as well as better living conditions and more rights to the people. However, the Tsar's greediness and selfishness brought an abrupt end to what was left of Russia's political stability. If the Tsar was willing to modernize and delegate power, then the country would have continued to grow, no matter the situation of being a war on or not. It is impossible to say how much effect the war had of the fall of Tsarism, but the war was merely the final test which the Tsar had failed to cope with causing the downfall of Tsarism. ...read more.

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