• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front during World War One?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Coursework Assignment 1 The First World War b) Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front? A stalemate developed on the Western Front for four main reasons, one being that the Schlieffen plan failed, another reason was that the French were unable to defeat the Germans completely at the Battle of the Marne, another reasons was the "race to the Channel" and the last reason was that defending positions was far easier than attacking. The Schlieffen Plan failed for a number of reasons, one being that Moltke, the German commander, had altered the balance of the forces so that the right wing had only three times as many troops as the left wing and since the right wing was smaller it advanced more slowly than had been planned. ...read more.

Middle

Blocking their way, however, assembled by the River Marne were the British and French troops. The reasons why the French were unable to defeat the Germans completely at the Battle of the Marne were numerous; one of the reasons was that no matter how ill spirited the German armies were, they were still large and well prepared. The French and British troops however had almost been "thrown" together and in comparison to the vast amounts of German soldiers, the British and French had an exceedingly small army. The German armies also had far more munitions than the British and French. Joffre did however manage to form troops from the east to Paris, yet they were weak and tired and so did not really help a considerable amount. ...read more.

Conclusion

When attacking you had to leave the safety, protection and concealment of the trenches, you were out in the open and comparatively defenceless as all that faced you was "no-man's-land" and you knew that beyond there was hundreds of opposing troops ready to blow you down with their machine guns, and so attacking became suicidal. Staying in your trench was by far the better option; you were hidden and highly armed. Communications were high and so trenches were supplied adequately and defence was mechanised, reinforcements and food could arrive by rail at anytime. So, due to all these reasons, and in particular the last one, a strong, fortified stalemate developed on the Western Front, and seemingly nothing could break it. Emilie Murphy 10F May 5th 2002 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. World War 1 - Breaking of the Stalemate

    The Americans joined the war on the 6th of April 1917, due to German unrestricted submarine warfare and Germany's persuading Mexico to attack them. President Woodrow Wilson had repeatedly warned Germany that they would not tolerate the sinking of vessels containing U.S.

  2. Trench Diary Assignment.

    I was instructed to do sentry duty, Tom who was also in the same trench as me was cleaning the weapons. That night, some of our troops were sleeping; I still had to fulfil my task. You could still hear the deafening sound of shells.

  1. World War I Coursework

    In October 1917, there was a communist revolution in Russia and in March 1918, the new government pulled out of the war. This freed up many German troops, which were transferred to the Western Front. Using these extra resources, they launched the Spring Offensive, which proved to be too successful

  2. Dear Diary, It was the start of the Christmas month and I was ready ...

    So today we had to take complete caution and watch out for anything strange. It was around 4.30 and we were on the fire-step and firing at the enemy. Suddenly the trenches started shacking a bit and half of us stopped firing and stood silently.

  1. Why stalemate broke down on the Western Front World War One

    There was also the Blockading of German ports; this broke stalemate because Germany had now lost: 300,000 civilians; a 1/3 of their pigs, and caused rations to be reduced extremely. Therefore the general population of Germany no longer supported the war; not only this but the German army was slowly

  2. Why Did A Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    Another problem that had sprung up within the German force was that their advance had been so fast that their food and ammunition couldn't keep up. The German soldiers were unfed and really exhausted. The German commander, Von Kluck couldn't go round Paris as it was planned because the further

  1. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the Western Front in the years 1915-1917.

    Some soldiers were taken to Base Hospitals by train. After the soldiers recovered they were sent back to fight again. Some soldiers were sent back home to hospitals and nursing homes in 'Blighty' (Britain). 2. Why was there a stalemate on the Western Front during much of the First World War? A stalemate is where neither side can advance.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    It threatened Europe with a general upheaval. Britain feared Russia's occupation of the Straits controlling access from and to the Black Sea. This was a threat to the Treaty of Paris of 1856. Austria resented the creation of a giant Bulgaria in the Balkans dominated by Russia, who would, in turn, have easy access to the Danube.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work