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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

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Question1 Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? At the beginning of the Second World War, the British Government decided it was time for Operation Pied Piper (the evacuation of children from major cities) to take place. The main reason for this being an issue of safety for the children. The fight for safety of the children of Britain was an important one. Britain relied on the younger generation of the country to carry on the British race. After the experience of the First World War, Britain knew briefly what to expect in the Second World War. ...read more.


Britain, and allied countries were watching Germany rapidly grow more and more powerful. Hitler was gaining more support, as the country itself was becoming greater than ever. In 1936 Hitler contradicted the Treaty of Versailles, by re-entering the Rhineland. As Germany as a country felt that they were treated unfairly in the Treaty, they grew respect for Hitler - the leader that put the 'November Criminals' to shame. Then in March 1938, Hitler used his power to force Austria to unite with him and his country. This achieved a greater Germany. The British and French had reduced their armed forces during the depression. Although they had begun to rearm, they felt they were still too weak to oppose Germany, especially with their recent unite with Austria. ...read more.


However, they were proved wrong when in September 1939 Hitler invaded Poland. This was to regain territories lost in the Treaty of Versailles, but also to win Lebensraum. He assumed that the British and French would back down again or that they would be unable to do anything to help the Polish. He was also proved wrong, when Britain and France declared war on Germany. All the events leading up to the Second World War involve the growing of a greater Germany. Hitler was becoming more loved throughout Germany, which resulted in more hated in Britain and France. He was not a trusted man, this lead to the governments decision of evacuating children from Britain's major cities. Precautions had to be taken to protect the future generation of Britain. History Coursework Catherine Ball ...read more.

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