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Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950s?

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Introduction

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950s? Desegregation was introduced as a solution to solving the problem of racial segregation. In order to clearly understand what this involves we need to define what racial segregation is. As the word segregation implies racial segregation therefore, it is discrimination on the basis of race shown through separation from each other, usually in the area of the providing services. However we are going to focus on the area of education in schools. The NAACP which stands for the National Association of the Advancement of Colored People was a group consisting of both white and black lawyers who would challenge segregation system and testing the law and persuading the Supreme Court to support their ideas to desegregate schools. The most famous was the May 17th 1954 Linda Brown vs. Topeka case, this case was a major break through Thurgood Marshall who was the Legal Director of the case was the person who ended segregation in public schools. ...read more.

Middle

When in 1957 Little Rock Central High School was chosen to have nine grade-A black students to be allowed to integrate with the white students there was chaos at the school. Governor Orval Faubus opposed the integration because he was coming up for election and most people living in Arkansas approved of segregation so he wanted to keep his job as Governor. Therefore Orval Faubus sent troops to Little Rock Central High School to prevent the nine black students from entering the building. The Supreme Court insisted that Orval Faubus remove the national guards because the federal law was being broken, so President Eisenhower had a meeting with Orval Faubus but in doing so it left the nine black students defenseless against the angry crowds of white people which were mainly white supremacist groups. For example a well known group was called the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) that threatened black people and black communities and also went around killing them. They also started lynching which means taking the law into their own hands when a black person did something wrong. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even though the nine black students faced abuse from white student's everyday they still managed to go through the school years and passed their exams. Southern school boards didn't encourage schools to desegregate or integrate. They even told the parents that the school is going to be desegregated and it's their choice if they want to move their children to a private school, another school which hasn't desegregated or let their children stay at the school they are at. They also tried to go against the law to prevent desegregation The schools still tried not to accept black students and the schools were always trying to find loop holes. It still took 10 years for schools to desegregate. Desegregation was a major problem because of the white supremacy groups trying to prevent it from happening. They did this in different ways, like preventing black students from entering white schools, some of the school boards told parents to move their children to other schools that had not been desegregated which led to the process of desegregation taking along time. By Amajo Ujah 11A History ?? ?? ?? ?? Amajo Ujah 11A 1 ...read more.

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