• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the NAACP challenge segregation of schools in Brown Vs Board of Education and how effective was that challenge?

Extracts from this document...


Montserrat Shelbourne Why did the NAACP challenge segregation of schools in Brown Vs Board of Education and how Effective was that challenge? The struggle for racial equality was not a novel issue in America during the 1950's. In fact, the civil rights movement essentially began when African-Americans first arrived in the early 1600's as slaves. But it wasn't until 300 years afterward, that these suppressed, abused, and angry individuals found the courage to change a society hypocritical of its own constitution. The migration of one and a half million black southerners to the North replaced a once considered trite southern conflict with a national crisis. ...read more.


Although all the schools in a given district were supposed to be equal, most black schools were far inferior to their white counterparts. Under the influence of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured (NAACP), they filed a lawsuit against the Topeka Board of Education in 1951. (Rev. Oliver Brown was the first parent listed, thus the case was named after him) Though they initially lost the court's favour at the U.S district level, it was only a matter of two years before Brown vs. the board of education fell into the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. On May 17th, 1954, the "Separate but Equal" doctrine was overruled, and segregation in schools was eliminated, and forever changed America's social policy. ...read more.


mobs were attacking and being very rude to the students causing Eisenhower to act sending troops to protect the very brave black students. White citizens councils were formed due to not being in favour with the law. The Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision did not abolish segregation in other public areas, such as restaurants and restrooms, nor did it require desegregation of public schools by a specific time. It did, however, declare the permissive or mandatory segregation that existed in 21 states unconstitutional. It was a giant step towards complete desegregation of public schools. Even partial desegregation of these schools, however, was still very far away, but it was a beginning and a start, which would help them through. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    and realised that it was its edication and trainging, not the colour of one's skin which makes the difference. The Europenas in South Africa had one of the highest standards of living in the owlrd with chepa servants, goods and the best jobs.

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    the descendants of the slaves that once upon a time had belonged to their great grandparents. The Jim Crow laws were: � White nurses were forbidden to treat black males � White teachers were forbidden to teach black students � South Carolina had a law, which made it illegal for

  1. Brown vs. Board of Education

    The black schools were inferior to those of white schools in almost everyway (Atkinsin). Most of the buildings that were used as black schools were never kept in suitable condition. Many lacked adequate heating systems and indoor plumbing. Classrooms of black students were frequently overcrowded.

  2. The importance of the Brown vs. Board of Education decision on the subsequent civil ...

    The response to the decision also provided a blueprint that much of the rest of the civil rights movement would follow. While the courts were willing to listen and deliberate, they were proved to be ahead of their time by the reaction of both President Eisenhower and the general public.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work