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Why did the Reds win the Russian civil war?

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Why did the reds win the civil war? The Bolsheviks won the Russian civil war due to both the whites weaknesses and their own strengths. The Bolsheviks were a disciplined and well organised party that displayed strong leadership. They used red terror, the Cheka and effective propaganda to gain the support of the Russian people. The reds also had industrial support and the support of the railways, as well as having territorial advantages (They were based in the major cities in the west). However the Reds success was also due to the weaknesses of the whites. The whites were disorganised, and made up of many different groups with different aims. They had foreign support but they showed a lack of commitment. The whites were also widely spread and had poor communication. Lastly the whites had poor industrial support, because Bolsheviks had the support in the cities. The Bolsheviks were a very well organised and disciplined party. They were a solid movement with a simple aim. ...read more.


While this system was successful in winning the Civil war as t kept the Bolshevik armies well supplied, it created much hardship. This is because the peasants had no incentive to produce food as the government just took it away. This led to mass food shortages and a huge famine which caused 7 million deaths. The Bolsheviks successfully used propaganda to gain support during the civil war. The reds had simple views and this meant they could successfully use propaganda to get these views across. The whites on the other hand had many different aims so could not use propaganda as effectively. The Bolsheviks also used propaganda to show that they were a united Russian movement, while the whites had the support of foreigners. This worked very well as many Russians indeed hated foreign armies invading Russia. Lastly the Bolsheviks had territorial advantages and heavy industrial support. The Bolsheviks were based in the west of Russia in the major cities. This meant they had internal lines of communication and good transport systems. ...read more.


This limited industrial and peasant support meant the whites had problems keeping their armies supplied with weapons and food e.t.c. They also had poor transport links meaning they had difficulty transporting weapons, equipment and food to each other. In conclusion the Reds won the civil war due to both the white's weaknesses and their own strengths. The reds were a powerful organisation with simple views. They also used the Cheka to exercise red terror to take out the whites and to keep loyalty and unity within the red forces. The Bolsheviks peasant and industrial support combined with the use of war communism meant the reds were well supplied with food, weapons and equipment. The whites however were unorganised and had many different aims. They also had limited industrial and Russian support meaning they were poorly equipped. The foreign help made them unpopular with the Russians as it was seen as unpatriotic and they did not like foreign armies invading Russia. Lastly the whites were widely spread and had poor transport links. This meant they had poor communication, could not coordinate attacks well and could not transport equipment and food to each other. ...read more.

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