• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WORLD WAR I COURSE WORK Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? Alfred Von Schlieffen devised his plan in the earlier part of the 20th century, ten years before it was used. This was thought to have been a problem, because of the new developments in military technology, such as the use of tanks and aircrafts, which weren't known in 1904. The task of putting the plan into action had fallen to Helmuth von Moltke, Chief of the Imperial General Staff of Germany since 1906. He followed the plan, even though he had doubt's of whether the plan would work, this made the Germans lose faith in Moltke and was criticised through history for his lack of confident in the plan. ...read more.

Middle

They made a great tactical decision of not moving into a trap between the German 1st and 3rd armies. The B.E.F dug themselves in a region of pit-heads and slag heaps, this caused a problem for the Germans who could not trace this well-concealed move and were gunned down by some excellently well trained rifle men of the B.E.F who the Germans thought were using machine guns. The German army lost another two corps when Moltke thought the allies were defeated, it also weaken his right wing in France when he transferred his forces to East Prussia. The allies retreated and were unable to be traced. They also kept changing their tactics this made it unable for the Germans to handle. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sir John French thought the gap might be a trap. It was really a question of nerve. From the Schieffen plan the long-term causes were Molkte changing the plan, the plan being too ambitious and unrealistic, and the conditions from 1904 to 1914 had changed. The short-term causes are the Belgians resisting, Russian mobilisation, the B.E.F helping France, the French defence and the German exhaustion from walking every where. I think the main reason the scheiffen plan failed was because of the advances in technology To sum this up I would say that the failure of the Schieffen plan was because of low morale from Molkte, poor German communications, Moltke modifying the plan and making it unrealistic, and the alliance between Belgium, France, and Britain. The failure of the Schieffen plan was a main factor that led to the stalemate on the western front. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

    Now, Moltke has been criticised by many historians for these changes, with them saying that these ultimately doomed the whole plan. However, though he took units from the right wing (the one to go west of Paris) and gave them to the left wing (to go to the east of

  2. How Important was the Role of the BEF in the Failure of the Schlieffen ...

    The German army had advanced to within 30 miles of Paris. The British and French forces were in constant retreat. The city of Paris prepared itself for a siege, and the French government left for Bordeaux. But instead of following the Schlieffen Plan, swinging around Paris and attacking Paris from the west, the Germans decided to attack from the east.

  1. Why did the Schlieffen Plan Fail?

    The race for the sea was over. Both sides "dug in" for the winter in a line of trenches 470 kilometers long, stretching from the North Sea to the French-Swiss boarder. The Schlieffen Plan had failed and trench warfare had begun.

  2. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    the attack side as it gave the offensive side a defensive mentality. When Britain did attack, they faced many problems. As the allies went "up and over", German snipers were ready to shoot the allies whilst the Germany shells were continually being fired.

  1. Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work

    The small German force of 4 divisions situated along the Franco-German border would entice the French to move forward in an attempt to regain Alsace Lorraine. Only then would Paris be attacked by the main bulk of the 37 1/2 divisions of the German army.

  2. Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

    They then had to cross three rivers to reach the French armies. They became vulnerable as they exposed their flank. The French Commander (Joffre) took advantage and counterattacked them at the river Marne. This led to a five-day battle in which the Germans were forced to retreat Back North, to the river Aisme.

  1. Schlieffen Plan

    The background behind the alliance hostility and suspicion in Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s was that in 1871 when the German empire was created after the war with France; Germany, kept two areas of land which were recently owned by France but Germany took the land called Alsace & Lorraine.

  2. Why did the Germans fail to achieve victory in the West in 1914? Source ...

    the order of the day is from the Kaiser , who, when he mentions the English, calls them : "French's contemptible little army". General French was a British war leader, so I therefore conclude that the British Expeditionary Force (BEF)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work