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Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

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Introduction

WORLD WAR I COURSE WORK Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? Alfred Von Schlieffen devised his plan in the earlier part of the 20th century, ten years before it was used. This was thought to have been a problem, because of the new developments in military technology, such as the use of tanks and aircrafts, which weren't known in 1904. The task of putting the plan into action had fallen to Helmuth von Moltke, Chief of the Imperial General Staff of Germany since 1906. He followed the plan, even though he had doubt's of whether the plan would work, this made the Germans lose faith in Moltke and was criticised through history for his lack of confident in the plan. ...read more.

Middle

They made a great tactical decision of not moving into a trap between the German 1st and 3rd armies. The B.E.F dug themselves in a region of pit-heads and slag heaps, this caused a problem for the Germans who could not trace this well-concealed move and were gunned down by some excellently well trained rifle men of the B.E.F who the Germans thought were using machine guns. The German army lost another two corps when Moltke thought the allies were defeated, it also weaken his right wing in France when he transferred his forces to East Prussia. The allies retreated and were unable to be traced. They also kept changing their tactics this made it unable for the Germans to handle. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sir John French thought the gap might be a trap. It was really a question of nerve. From the Schieffen plan the long-term causes were Molkte changing the plan, the plan being too ambitious and unrealistic, and the conditions from 1904 to 1914 had changed. The short-term causes are the Belgians resisting, Russian mobilisation, the B.E.F helping France, the French defence and the German exhaustion from walking every where. I think the main reason the scheiffen plan failed was because of the advances in technology To sum this up I would say that the failure of the Schieffen plan was because of low morale from Molkte, poor German communications, Moltke modifying the plan and making it unrealistic, and the alliance between Belgium, France, and Britain. The failure of the Schieffen plan was a main factor that led to the stalemate on the western front. ...read more.

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