• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WORLD WAR I COURSE WORK Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail? Alfred Von Schlieffen devised his plan in the earlier part of the 20th century, ten years before it was used. This was thought to have been a problem, because of the new developments in military technology, such as the use of tanks and aircrafts, which weren't known in 1904. The task of putting the plan into action had fallen to Helmuth von Moltke, Chief of the Imperial General Staff of Germany since 1906. He followed the plan, even though he had doubt's of whether the plan would work, this made the Germans lose faith in Moltke and was criticised through history for his lack of confident in the plan. ...read more.

Middle

They made a great tactical decision of not moving into a trap between the German 1st and 3rd armies. The B.E.F dug themselves in a region of pit-heads and slag heaps, this caused a problem for the Germans who could not trace this well-concealed move and were gunned down by some excellently well trained rifle men of the B.E.F who the Germans thought were using machine guns. The German army lost another two corps when Moltke thought the allies were defeated, it also weaken his right wing in France when he transferred his forces to East Prussia. The allies retreated and were unable to be traced. They also kept changing their tactics this made it unable for the Germans to handle. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sir John French thought the gap might be a trap. It was really a question of nerve. From the Schieffen plan the long-term causes were Molkte changing the plan, the plan being too ambitious and unrealistic, and the conditions from 1904 to 1914 had changed. The short-term causes are the Belgians resisting, Russian mobilisation, the B.E.F helping France, the French defence and the German exhaustion from walking every where. I think the main reason the scheiffen plan failed was because of the advances in technology To sum this up I would say that the failure of the Schieffen plan was because of low morale from Molkte, poor German communications, Moltke modifying the plan and making it unrealistic, and the alliance between Belgium, France, and Britain. The failure of the Schieffen plan was a main factor that led to the stalemate on the western front. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    When infantry moved out of their artillery range, they were at threat to enemy artillery. They could either wait for the guns to be moved forward or the men carried on without any cover: either way, the infantry would be vulnerable for a considerable amount of time to enemy artillery and could be killed.

  2. Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

    Now, Moltke has been criticised by many historians for these changes, with them saying that these ultimately doomed the whole plan. However, though he took units from the right wing (the one to go west of Paris) and gave them to the left wing (to go to the east of

  1. How Important was the Role of the BEF in the Failure of the Schlieffen ...

    The defending French armies, and the British Expeditionary Force retreated to the other side of the River Marne, where, under the recommendation of the Governor of Paris, the French Commander-in-Chief, Joseph Joffre, decided on a counter attack. Aided by the BEF at point of exhaustion from 10-12 days continuously retreating

  2. Why did the Schlieffen Plan Fail?

    The race for the sea was over. Both sides "dug in" for the winter in a line of trenches 470 kilometers long, stretching from the North Sea to the French-Swiss boarder. The Schlieffen Plan had failed and trench warfare had begun.

  1. Why did the Germans fail to achieve victory in the West in 1914? Source ...

    These Sources D, E, F, G and H show this answer to be false, and instead, blame the failure of the Schlieffen Plan to be based on the German High Command's underestimation of the enemy and ill-preparedness of the German army's resources.

  2. Explain how Moltke modified the Schlieffen Plan.

    Source F is better and clearer but still quite basic. If it didn't say 'a photograph of British troops retreating in 1914', then we wouldn't really know much about than that they were men on horses travelling, but by saying that they are retreating tells you where they are plotted

  1. Failure of the Schlieffen Plan.

    and the French Third and Fourth Armies in the Ardennes region. The Fifth Army under French General Lanrezac, was caught outnumbered and nearly outflanked, thanks to French high command's refusal to acknowledge a German thrust from the north. Only at the last moment did Lanrezac receive permission to reposition part of his army to face the oncoming juggernaut.

  2. Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work

    Paris was the major city in France; main railway and communication networks ran through the city. If Paris were to be captured, it would damage the French morale immensely and none the less damage their overall fight for the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work