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Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution

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Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution? Introduction: Before the 20th century Russia was still very much living in the medieval age with a Medieval standard of living. Before the mid 19th century, Russia's peasants were subjects to a form of slavery and were known as "Serfs". This from of slavery was abolished in 1861and peasants were aloud land for themselves - but at a price. The peasants did not receive enough land to make a living and were given land in strips, making it difficult to improve on the current inefficient harvesting methods. Bad harvests often brought famine and the Russian population wanted a more modern Russia. As Russia moved into the 20th century a very high percentage of the Russian population were peasants who wanted a change from the agricultural ways - into a new industrialised nation. This was because the current system was too harsh on the peasants who were not getting enough food or money to support their families or themselves, with all the money going to upper class landowners. Another rising problem was the steadily increasing population, which meant less land for peasant families to grow food. Because of this Russia had had a spurt of industrial growth and factories were popping up in all major towns and cities. ...read more.


A message from Rodzianko to the Tsar, 1917 - "The transport system has broken down: the supply systems for fuel and food are completely disorganised" The arrogant Tsar ignored this message and didn't even bother to reply. From the start of the war there was food shortages and the further into the war Russia went, the worse things became for all the workers. Peasants began to grow food for them selves instead of selling it on. Russian industries such as weapon production and the iron and steel industry had a higher output than before the war due to help from Government contracts. But many other industries suffered badly and consumers could not afford to buy their goods, so factories closed down and there were many job losses - this leading to even more starving people unable to buy the overly priced food. Inflation in Russia form 1914-17 was nearly 400%. Russia's urban population lost support for the war and strikes and protests started to happen. The Tsar was losing most of his support from the Russian population and he too, wanted an end to the War. In 1905 the only way that you could challenge the Tsar or make a request to him was to use the power of the people in the form of a protest or strike. The Tsar had control of the laws and the way the country was run and anything that people wanted to change had to be confirmed by him before the change was carried out. ...read more.


This scheme became very popular among the soldiers and many started to join the Bolsheviks and go against the Tsars regime. This meant the Tsars army, who he had been using to put down revolts and up rises were joining the protesters. Conclusion: Overall the tsar did not resign after the 1905 revolution because he believed her still had grip on the situation, and that he could still control the masses even after the small revolution. To certain extent he did still control Russia leading up to the war and gained support by the middle class and peasants after he scrapped redemption payments. The 1905 revolution was also not planned so it would not have had as greater impact as in 1917. The army's loyalty also played a big part because it was what the Tsar needed for security. In 1917 this was the end of the Tsar, because his main defence the army, started to join the workers who had risen up into an organised Soviet that could take him on. He simply had no support from anybody apart from a few nobles and peasant landowners. It was the end for Tsarism and the determined leadership of people such as Lenin and Trotsky, who knew what was best for the people, and knew how to gain their support (with slogans such as "Peace, bread and land) prevailed. ...read more.

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