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Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

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Introduction

Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917? In 1917 the Tsar of Russia was forced to abdicate for many reasons. These included the impact of the First World War; this couldn't alter the Tsar's autocratic, non-reforming ideas. The economy; Russia became a bad state and the Tsar got the blame. The army; the Tsar lost support from the army. Opposition; workers went on strike and the Tsar's closest ally, Rasputin, was murdered. Finally the Tsar himself and the upper class; the Tsar refused to share power and Resputin was also in control who wasn't very good. All of these factors lead up to the Tsar's abdication but why couldn't he keep control or find a way to gain support again? Some of these factors didn't just hinder the Tsar they also helped, but obviously not enough to keep the Tsar in power. In 1914 the war expanded certain industries for instance military weapons and armour. Military production increased by 400% due to war and the country benefited from booms and the empire ended up being the fifth largest industrial power. But to hinder the Tsar, he lost money through railroads, which were used in army and war efforts. Foreign trade went down by 80%, which means they didn't have any foreign investment and could lead to even more conflict. ...read more.

Middle

As the generals were in charge of the army and the generals also stopped supporting the Tsar, the generals could easily use one of the only powers the Tsar had against him. In 1914 there was shortage of weapons, which meant that he didn't have all the power he would need in the war. But they had a victory against Austria, which again would be a good thing but it started a war off in the end. They lost a lot of troops against Germany and in 1915 the general turned against the government. They lost an incompetent war leader and left them open to blame and criticism. There were four million casualties, the majority being original officers, which lead to a lack of leadership and had trouble defending against other countries. They did later on though, have success against Austria and the Turks. So the army did support the Tsar for a while. But this all changed in 1917 when on the 26th of February, the military took up positions and opened fire against the workers who were on strike. The Tsar still had his most powerful weapon. But when travelling back home from the front, the tsar's journey was blocked by troops and was forced to make a detour. ...read more.

Conclusion

suppressing discontent were all unavailable to the Tsar in 1917 but were in 1905,the Tsar was defeated in 1915, there were food and fuel shortages in 1916, urban discontent, professional classes, industrial workers and liberals could all be controlled in 1905, a loyal army no longer existed, no one was prepared to save the monarchy and Nicholas became weak after failure to make concessions. In conclusion I believe that the most important factors in the Tsar abdicating was the army as these were one of his most powerful weapons, not only in the war but also in controlling the various groups who were against him, and also the Tsar himself because he wanted autocracy and wouldn't listen to anyone else's views, he wanted to rule by himself in the way he wanted even if it was a mistake. I believe this is why he lost a lot of support from people. Russia was well behind the times in both military and economic terms. The war had no impact on the Tsar's intent to preserves the Tsarist system and ultimately it was Russia and the Russian people who suffered and had the Tsar realised the Russian system of government was in desperate need for reform in order to make Russia a great power once more, then the Tsar may have been saved. ...read more.

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