• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917? In 1917 the Tsar of Russia was forced to abdicate for many reasons. These included the impact of the First World War; this couldn't alter the Tsar's autocratic, non-reforming ideas. The economy; Russia became a bad state and the Tsar got the blame. The army; the Tsar lost support from the army. Opposition; workers went on strike and the Tsar's closest ally, Rasputin, was murdered. Finally the Tsar himself and the upper class; the Tsar refused to share power and Resputin was also in control who wasn't very good. All of these factors lead up to the Tsar's abdication but why couldn't he keep control or find a way to gain support again? Some of these factors didn't just hinder the Tsar they also helped, but obviously not enough to keep the Tsar in power. In 1914 the war expanded certain industries for instance military weapons and armour. Military production increased by 400% due to war and the country benefited from booms and the empire ended up being the fifth largest industrial power. But to hinder the Tsar, he lost money through railroads, which were used in army and war efforts. Foreign trade went down by 80%, which means they didn't have any foreign investment and could lead to even more conflict. ...read more.

Middle

As the generals were in charge of the army and the generals also stopped supporting the Tsar, the generals could easily use one of the only powers the Tsar had against him. In 1914 there was shortage of weapons, which meant that he didn't have all the power he would need in the war. But they had a victory against Austria, which again would be a good thing but it started a war off in the end. They lost a lot of troops against Germany and in 1915 the general turned against the government. They lost an incompetent war leader and left them open to blame and criticism. There were four million casualties, the majority being original officers, which lead to a lack of leadership and had trouble defending against other countries. They did later on though, have success against Austria and the Turks. So the army did support the Tsar for a while. But this all changed in 1917 when on the 26th of February, the military took up positions and opened fire against the workers who were on strike. The Tsar still had his most powerful weapon. But when travelling back home from the front, the tsar's journey was blocked by troops and was forced to make a detour. ...read more.

Conclusion

suppressing discontent were all unavailable to the Tsar in 1917 but were in 1905,the Tsar was defeated in 1915, there were food and fuel shortages in 1916, urban discontent, professional classes, industrial workers and liberals could all be controlled in 1905, a loyal army no longer existed, no one was prepared to save the monarchy and Nicholas became weak after failure to make concessions. In conclusion I believe that the most important factors in the Tsar abdicating was the army as these were one of his most powerful weapons, not only in the war but also in controlling the various groups who were against him, and also the Tsar himself because he wanted autocracy and wouldn't listen to anyone else's views, he wanted to rule by himself in the way he wanted even if it was a mistake. I believe this is why he lost a lot of support from people. Russia was well behind the times in both military and economic terms. The war had no impact on the Tsar's intent to preserves the Tsarist system and ultimately it was Russia and the Russian people who suffered and had the Tsar realised the Russian system of government was in desperate need for reform in order to make Russia a great power once more, then the Tsar may have been saved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why was the Tsar Forced to Abdicate in 1917?

    Factory workers also faced problems, such as overcrowding, terrible food, disease and alcoholism. Working and living conditions were atrocious, and talk of a revolution soon spread through the overfull dormitories and work spaces. After this, things became progressively worse as people became more and more malcontent with the state of the country.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    Ministers were dismissed and then replaced. On March 11th an order was issued sending Rasputin to Tobolsk, but the Empress ordered it to be cancelled. The concerns were so great that a group of leading aristocrats murdered Rasputin in December 1916.

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    By the autumn of 1917, the old right SR leaders had lost their base among the soldiers, who went over in droves to the left SRs and their Bolshevik allies. The elections to the Constituent Assembly were organised in a hurry after the revolution on the basis of electoral lists drawn up before October.

  2. Why Did Tsar Nicholas Abdicate Following the 1917 Revolution but not the 1905 Revolution?

    However in 1917 the same classes knowing nothing had changed after the 1905 revolution wanted the Tsar out and would go to any measures to do so. They knew the Tsar could not be trusted and neither could his promises.

  1. Why did the Tsar abdicate after the 1917 revolution

    Also he was not able to respond to the great pressures for change that were building up in Russian society. Instead he saw a Russia where he was the supreme ruler and he was unchallenged. At the time when Russia needed a flexible and imaginative ruler, it got a Tsar who saw any modernism as a threat to his position.

  2. The collapse of the autocracy in February 1917 signified the end product of the ...

    Russian industry was also not sufficiently developed or diversified as to support a war effort of such scale. Metallurgic, machine and petro - chemical industries were in their infancy2, and the seizure of 20% of Russian industry by the Germans as they advanced in 1915 placed them at a further disadvantage.

  1. Why Was The Tsar Forced To Abdicate?

    Because there was no elected parliament, zemstovs had to look after matters such as schools and hospitals. Nicholas dismissed any calls for an elected parliament as a "senseless dream." Nicholas' rule was enforced by the secret police call the Okhrana.

  2. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    and World War I (1914-17). They both show Russia not living up to its expectations of a powerful giant that could crush any opponent. The Tsar had a huge powerful army throughout his reign and knowing his strength in numbers, he became overconfident.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work