• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Tzar Nicholas II abdicate in 1917 and not in 1905?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Tzar Nicholas II abdicate in 1917 and not in 1905? The Tzar abdicated following the revolution of 1917 but he did not abdicate after the 1905 revolution. There were a number of key factors which made this happen, in this essay I will be looking into the similarities and the differences. During both revolutions the people went on strike over poor working conditions and poor pay, but there were differences and these were the factors that determined the survival and the fall of the Tzar. Russia had many difficulties for a ruler. The size of Russia is incredible, 17,075,400 square kilometers of land, however there was only one railway across the country so much of the country was unreachable and passing a message on was very difficult. In addition Tsar Nicholas was a weak and unpopular ruler, having been passed down his status as absolute monarch and not having to work for it. His popularity was worsened by the fact that his family lived in great wealth and yet there was terrible poverty across most of the population. February 1904, a war broke out between Russia and Japan which became known as the Russo-Japanese war. This war was over a town called Manchuria situated in Northern China. ...read more.

Middle

Petersburg and gone to live near the front line, leaving his German wife Keisarinna Aleksandra in charge of Russia. This was a very bad move. Aleksandra was hated as she was seen as a German spy. Under her leadership there was a mass shortage of food as all the supplies were going to the front line to feed the soldiers. Further weakening The Tzar's Reputation compared to 1905. Russian factory workers worked extremely long hours including Saturdays and conditions in the factories were extremely harsh. There was little concern shown for the workers and their health. Workers tried to form trade unions, but they were dismissed by the factory owners who had total power over their employees. Then in 1903, a Priest formed the Assembly of Russian Workers and within a year it had over 9,000 members. In 1904 prices of essential goods rose immensely, and therefore effectively wages fell by 20 per cent. The Priest wasn't happy that nothing was improving and so called for industrial action. Over the next few days over 110,000 workers in St. Petersburg went out on strike, in an attempt to settle the dispute, the priest decided to make a personal appeal to Tzar Nicholas II. The Tzar accepted this appeal and he shortened the working day by a couple of hours and also agreed to an increase in wages and an improvement in working conditions. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was made worse by Russia's involvement in the First World War. These two situations were basically the same because in both Russia were losing a war and there were riots because of poverty. However in 1917 the war was on their land so if they had pulled out like in Manchuria they would have lost their land and their people would have to abandon their homes as most of the Russians lived in west Russia. Also in this war the Tzar's weakness was very obvious as Germany were much stronger than Japan. Germany was ready for a war whereas Russia didn't have anywhere near enough supplies, rifles or ammunition. Also the protests had stepped up a level, the workers and peasants realized that the peaceful protest weren't going to work so they stated violent protests and these were a lot more affective. In conclusion I think it was the three differences Being that he had he a worsened reputation, the situation in the war was far worse and the main point is that The Protests had got more organized and they were now violent not peaceful. This is what made the Tzar abdicate from his position of absolute ruler on 15th March 1917 when in 1905 the situation had not escalated as much enabling the Tzar to continue. ?? ?? ?? ?? Why did Tzar Nicholas II abdicate in 1917 and not in 1905 October 29, 2008 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why was the Tsar Forced to Abdicate in 1917?

    They soon began to support other parties. This meant the Tsar lost one of his most vital support groups, and chaos soon followed. Another factor that contributed to the revolution was the rumours about the Tsarina and Rasputin, a Russian healer who appeared to cure the Tsar's son of haemophilia.

  2. The Russian Revolutions – 1917.

    Rasputin had great influence over Alexandra, and Alexandra had great influence over the Tsar so if Rasputin really wanted something to happen, it would. Alexandra was a very popular Tsarina until Rasputin came along. Rumours were spread about them having an affair, and to make matters worse Alexandra was German.

  1. Tsar Nicholas II

    many people without thought, they were only delivering a petition but he ordered his men to open fire on the unarmed peaceful protestors marching towards the winter palace. This event made many Russian people think badly of the Tsar, and the citizens in his empire could trust him no more.

  2. Why did the Tsar abdicate after the 1917 revolution

    This was an awful decision as from that point onwards he got all of the blame from the misfortunes of the war. The troops eventually started rebelling themselves and left the fighting to join the protestors. The Tsar lost the soldiers trust unlike in the Russo-Japanese war where he kept the soldiers trust.

  1. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    So many men were dying in the thousands that people had to be conscripted (Around 15 million men were conscripted). Many did not want to go to war and there were lots of deserters. Loss of life was not the only problem.

  2. What happened in February 1917 and why did Nicholas abdicate

    swelled the masses of the strike. 23rd February: National Women's Day brought thousand of women out onto the streets to protest about the lack of food and an end to the war. They joined with the rest of the strikers (their position aided by a spell of mild weather)

  1. Why was Nicholas II able to survive the 1905 revolution but was forced to ...

    The strikes continued until Nicholas was forced to act. The people realised, after being fired upon, that their faith in the Tsar was ill founded. The same conditions did not exist in 1917. The people were under no illusion as to how the Tsar felt about them.

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    Despite the fact that only 10 of them agreed, plotting went ahead. Undoubtedly, Lenin was conscientious of what the government was doing, In continuation, due to this thorough preparation he ensured that the revolution occurred as on the night of the 24th, after the government shut down the main source

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work