• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did war break out in 1939

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did War break out in 1939? At 11 o'clock on the third of September 1939 there was a famous speech broadcasted by Neville Chamberlain, over the wireless. From the Cabinet Room of 10 Downing Street it was officially declared that England was at war against Germany. This war lasted 6 long and painstaking years and throughout it there were over 50 million civilian and military Allied deaths. This war is mainly thought to have been one person's fault, Adolf Hitler who became leader of the German nation and lead it to war. Still to this day historians discuss whether this was really the case, and in this essay I will talk about the other possible reasons for war to break out between England and Germany in 1939. After five extensive years of slow and tedious fighting between the Allied forces and the Central Powers in World War I, the British and French public felt absolute hatred towards Germany. In the Peace conference in Versailles, the Treaty was finally signed by Emperor Wilhelm 11 on the 28th of June 1919. The Leaders of the three main super powers at the time created this peace settlement that was designed to prevent the return of the German race and ultimately bring an end to the War. ...read more.

Middle

The League of Nations was supposed to step in and sort out any problems between two countries and decide who got what. The Dictators of Europe were encouraged by the lack of progression by the League to take action, however they weren't certain. They looked to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1933 and noted the League's failure to prevent Japanese expansion. In 1936 Mussolini ordered Italian troops to invade Abyssinia. The League of Nations took two months to decide upon a response. They came up with The Hoare-Laval Plan, they decided that they would give Italy a small part of Abyssinia and then give Italy a larger part which they had economic rights over. They then gave a strip of land to the Abyssinians called The Corridor for Camels, this was so they had access to the Red Sea. However Britain and France came up with this plan behind the back of the League and then when it was found out by the media the whole plan was abandoned and Mussolini attacked any way. This lack of aggression gave the dictators confidence that they would be able to go on with their aims to gain territory without facing real opposition from France or Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

In August 1939, the German and Soviet foreign ministers made an agreement that gave half of Poland to each nation, in the event of a war. Confident that Britain and France would not stop Hitler in a war with Poland, Hitler's troops were ordered to invade Poland on the First of September 1939. The British and French declared war on Germany as a result. In conclusion I think that the five reasons for the outbreak of WWII are that the Treaty of Versailles was too harsh, Neville Chamberlin's policy of appeasement, the collapse of the Wall Street stock exchange, The Weakness of the League of Nations and Hitler's expansionist aims going too far. Out of the five I think that Britain and France should not have followed a policy of appeasement even though all the points link together and one mistake lead to another, if Britain and France had attacked Germany whilst the Nazi army was very week and low on resources they would have had stood their ground and not let Hitler break the rules they would have had no problems stopping Hitler. Also after the USSR saw that Britain and France were actually taking action for once they would ally with them and ultimately stop Hitler's armies from causing havoc across Europe. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alex Davies 10ME Monday, 14 September 2009 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    Germany had less coal and iron, which she could use. Trade, upon which Germany had formerly relied on, had been dissolved. Families were split up and those who had formerly considered themselves Germans were now classified as French or Polish.

  2. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    So the USA did not approve the Treaty of Versailles, nor did they join the League of Nations or the International Court of Justice. Many Americans simply wanted to enjoy the success that had developed in the previous decade and felt that foreign involvement would threaten it.

  1. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    Japan was also very powerful, as proven in 1905 when a war was won with Russia, the British dared not act without the help of the French but they were too busy worrying about Germany to help. Both Britain and France traded a lot with Japan so did not want to make an enemy of them.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    Conventional assessment put the most blame of the Great War on Germany Germany rose after unification. European balance of power was upset. She challenged European power by its industrial and military strength. The rise of Germany had alienated other European powers - France and Austria.

  1. How significant was the Night of the Long Knives in enabling Hitler to consolidate ...

    This made Hitler extremely powerful: anyone opposing his rule could be instantly arrested - a vital power for any dictator. The second factor was the 'Enabling Law'. After the general election in 1933, Hitler proposed a change to the constitution.

  2. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    On the other hand, it could be said that even if these two events did not happen or if the League had reacted to the situations Hitler still would have tried his plan for expansion since his own ambitions and hate towards the Treaty of Versailles would have led them all to war anyways.

  1. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Therefore, Germany left the conference saying there was no real desire for disarmament among major powers. Later on, in 1935, Hitler announced that he had built an air force (Luftwaffe) and that he was introducing conscription (compulsory military service). Additionally, Hitler wanted to build an army consisting of 600,000 soldiers

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?

    The Japanese army quickly defeated the Chinese at Mukden, they hadn?t got permission from the government but success was so popular in Japan that army was now in control of Japanese policy. China claimed Japan had committed an act of aggression, Japan claimed that it had gone into Manchuria to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work