• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Mohsin shafi 11Q 10479 WHY HAS TERRORISM BECOME SUCH AN IMPORTANT ISSUE OVER THE LAST 40 YEARS? There are many reasons why terrorism has become such an important issue over the last 40 years. In this paper I will be exploring the answers to this question through three related topics; 1) the threat from terrorism; 2) why people join terrorist groups and; 3) dealing with terrorism. I will be using the sources provided and historical facts related to three groups; the IRA, the PLO and Al-Qaeda. Section 1 ? The threat from terrorism Terrorism has been defined in many ways and not everyone agrees with any one definition. The UK government defines it as: ?The threat of, for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause, of action which involves serious violence against any person or property.? Over the last 40 years powerful modern states have faced challenges from various terrorist groups using violence and have found it more and more difficult to deal with them. The main threat from terrorism has been serious violence against people and property resulting in deaths and huge damage to properties. Source 1, a sketch by Stanley Franklin in 1985, illustrates this threat in form of a giant vulture over the globe shown to destroy airplanes belonging to different countries. It refers to some of the airplane hijackings by the PLO that took place in the 80?s. It paints the image of terrorists as pure evil, preying on innocent victims with the ability to strike anywhere. ...read more.


They also strongly focus on the US backed occupation of Palestine and the Al-Aqsa mosque (in Jerusalem) by Israel and the US troops that are based in Saudi Arabia home to the holiest mosque in Islam. This has been supported by statements from al-Qaeda itself. This is also supported by source 10 a statement by Osama bin Laden made in 1998. After pointing out the political and military injustices of the ?Americans and their allies? he quotes verses from the Quran to back his argument for Muslims to kill Americans and their allies. Source 4 is a similar statement made by al-Qaeda which further proves the motives. Whilst these are secondary sources they are supported by similar video statements made by al-Qaeda in this period and by their actions. Source 9, a picture of a young boy chanting anti ?US slogans in Pakistan may further support the fact that al-Qaeda support is based on seeing the US as the enemy. The source Reuters is a very credible international news agency. However it is not fully known why the boy is chanting slogans. The PLO was another group considered as terrorists between 1964 and until 1991 by the United States and Israel. In 1993 the PLO recognised Israel?s right to exist and rejected ?violence and terrorism?; in response Israel officially recognised the PLO as the representatives of the Palestinian people. At the time PLO were considered terrorists their aims were to remove or destroy the state of Israel, to re-establish Palestine as the home of the Palestinian Arabs and to have freedom from the Israelis. ...read more.


The Israeli forces used a wide range of security measures including the set up of checkpoints. This helped to restrict the activities of PLO members. On the other hand Israel were criticized for being too tough and earned themselves a bad reputation, in one event the Israelis killed 19,000 Palestinians and Lebanese which were mostly civilians and they also killed many innocent journalists. This damaged the support for Israel around the world. The Palestinians became very angry and launched the first Intifada. What worked by talking to the PLO was that after many meetings and negotiations the PLO signed a peace agreement with Israel. From then on the PLO was considered legitimate representatives of the Palestinian people and the PLO recognised Israel as a state, this was an achievement for Israel. Terrorism has become an important issue over the last 40 years because of the number and size of attacks against modern states and the threat they pose to safety. Sources 2 and 3 provide evidence of real damage caused by them. People join these organizations usually because they feel they have been oppressed, victims of injustice or that they are right to do so. Governments have struggled to deal with terrorism or to wipe out terrorism because of the small size of organizations, the support that they enjoy sometimes amongst their people and due to the strong motivations behind members joining these organizations. Also the fact that many of the Governments fighting these organizations are seen as unjust powers or foreign occupiers makes it harder for them to defeat these groups. This is illustrated well by sources 4, 7 and 11. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the motives of the attackers of 9/11

    This means that official borders have been hard to settle. Source 6 shows the biggest example of this problem in the area; it shows The Temple of Mount Or Haram Al-Sharif, which is where the West Wall and the first Jewish Temple is placed.

  2. Motives of the 9/11 attacks

    The resentment for the U.S can also be linked with Jihad. If they weren't such extremist Muslims, believing all westernisation should not occur in their countries, then there wouldn't be as much hate and resentment for the country. We know that Bin Laden does not agree with the West invading

  1. What is Terrorism?

    This means it affects another country or more than one. Such as the Al Qaeda 9/11 bombings which killed nearly 3000 civilians from over 90 different nationalities and which can also be classified as urban terrorism and due to wars of liberation.

  2. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    The police labelled his actions as 'terrorism'. However this meant that after the Good Friday Agreement, he would be released after one of the terms of the agreement. Then on the 24th November 2006 Michael Stone performed drastic actions, interrupting St Andrews and terrorising members of the assembly.

  1. To what extent is Al Queda a terrorist organisation?

    This angered bin Laden who then became a bitter critic of the Saudi government, who in his eyes had betrayed Islam. Therefore his objective became to remove all American forces from Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf Region. His other objectives were: * The liberation of Jerusalem from the Israelis.

  2. What were the motives of the terrorists who carried out the 9/11 attacks on ...

    The terrorist attacks had an overwhelming and immediate effect upon the Americans. Across the US flights were halted or redirected to other countries and many mourned the 2992 people who died. Many police officers and rescue workers elsewhere in the country took leaves of absence to travel to New York

  1. How and why has the use of the buildings that house the Quay Arts ...

    However, not only did the ferries bring Lorries; they also made it possible for cars to be transported to the island, again quickly and easily. This gave passengers the major convenience of being able to travel by way of their private vehicles, rather than the previously necessary journey of travelling

  2. Northern Ireland

    Major Hubert O'Neil said the army ran amok and described the incidents as sheer unadulterated murder. The source is not telling me why Dr John Martin changed his opinion and why were supporters accusing Tony Blair of setting up the inquiry to appease Sinn Fein.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work