• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Is It Proving So Difficult To Implement The Good Friday Agreement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Adam Richardson Y11 H6 Mrs. Johnson Why Is It Proving So Difficult To Implement The Good Friday Agreement? The history of the Irish Problem dates back almost half a century, to the reformation of England, under Henry VIII's rule. With this, there was a stream of protestant immigrants into Northern Island. Being a catholic country outside of King Henry's rule, and so escaping the reformation, there was an instant clash of very orthodox and strong religious opinions and beliefs, which triggered 500 years of ongoing problems in Northern Island. However, only is the 20th Century did these problems escalate to be so apparent and public, and we can now take a detailed look at all the major factors that make the introduction and operation of the Good Friday Agreement such a fragile and difficult task. Now, many more nations are involved. American Senator, George Mitchell was called into Northern Island to pick up pieces of the broke peace process, he is generally believed to have helped substancially in the peace talks. As part of the United Kingdom, British figures have often come into play. Following the Labour party's victory over John Major's Conservatives in the 1997 general election, Mo Mowlam was instated the Secretary of State in Northern Island. Soon, plans for talks with Sinn F�in were announced. ...read more.

Middle

More recently, 1998, explosive weapons devastated the peace process with the IRA's Omagh bombing, in which 28 nationalists were killed. This also gives us some idea of the sheer magnitude and military intelligence behind these attacks. The paramilitaries are not simply unskilled volunteers holding stolen weapons, they contain masterminds at explosives, weapons and many other technical aspects of violence. This can only pose a greater threat to the agreement's success. Following the Omagh bombing were the retaliation riots in Drumcree. In these riots, an RUC officer was killed, creating a reason for the Protestants to retaliate further. As we can see, this chain is virtually infinite. Unionists believe that as far as the peace process is concerned, the Republicans had not demonstrated an acceptable degree of peaceful progress. Unionists argue that talks will not hold place until Republicans decommission these weapons. However, Republicans disagree, saying that no decommissioning will take place prior to the talks, and any decommissioning would only happen after any settlements had taken place. Many cease-fires have been attempted. However, prior to the 4th of February 1996, the IRA felt that their ongoing decommissioning, and the lack in progress as a result of the cease-fires was too much to ask, and so on that date in February, powerful explosives planted by the IRA killed two people. ...read more.

Conclusion

We already know this is a major issue, as the trust of authority is the only way the Northern Irish of either origin can begin to show respect for laws and order, on which it would be assumed the agreement depends primarily upon. Segregation makes the waiting time until the two groups begin to learn about each other, live alongside each other and ultimately, accept each other, even longer, and is not an easy process to undo, and therefore it simply adds a colossal task onto the overall problem. Political issues are often hard to operate and maintain the stability of, partly because the individual Nationalist or Unionist parties will bias against the opposing community. A mixed assembly would also be much harder to operate, and provide little real satisfaction to one of the sides, since most people want a quick solution, and won't settle for compromises. With a mixed assembly, all decisions would contain points which half the assembly liked, and half didn't, assembly create compromise after compromise. Maybe compromises, however, is for now, the best anybody supporting the peace process can hope for, as it takes fairy steps onwards. There are many paradoxes that have caused the process much trouble, and will continue to do this. The cycle of attacks and revenge year after year, and the unmovable moral stance of each individual that has an opinion on the matter. It is these paradoxes and factors, which are making the implementation of the Good Friday Agreement so difficult. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    as a sign that Britain were not planning to leave Ireland and it seemed to make the link between Ireland and Britain stronger and more threatening to the Nationalists. Bloody Sunday is still an area of contention today because it is still not concrete who fired the first shot on that tragic day.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    After the war, which ended with Germans defeat in 1918, Sinn Fein won 73 seats compared to the Home Rule Party's 6. The Irish Unionist Party won 26 seats, mostly in Ulster. All 73 Sinn Fein MPs refused to go to Westminster, and instead sat in their own Parliament in

  1. The Real IRA

    The rIRA's goals may have some religious force behind them, but it does not seem to be the number one reason for their attacks (Religious). What is the reason? One may never know what drives a terrorist group to do what they do, but the only way to do anything is to prevent it.

  2. The Good Friday Agreement

    there will be less discrimination against the minorities, that leads to anger and violence. Therefore, the Northern Ireland Assembly will contribute to lasting peace. On the other hand, by 1999 the Assembly had still not appointed a cabinet as a result of the Unionists refusing to take part until the IRA decommissioned all their weapons.

  1. Why was it so hard to establish a regional police force in Northern Ireland ...

    When the army were sent to control the violence, the IRA fought back. The IRA therefore increased in violence and consequently the army were sent back in again. This kept happening and no improvements were made, issues were just complicated even more, increasing the need for a new police force.

  2. Explain why the marching season in Northern Ireland still causes tension between the two ...

    Many of these people died of hunger and disease. This was the start of Catholic hatred towards the English rule and towards Protestants. The next big event to happen was the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. The marching season commemorates the Protestant victory over Catholics at the Battle of

  1. What made the Good Friday Agreement possible in 1998?

    This then looked s though everything was back to where it started and the progress they had made had been for nothing. A major turning point then however was the British 1997 elections and the Conservative Party were no longer in charge and the Labour Government came into power.

  2. Prior to the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, all attempts to bring peace to ...

    These people arguably were martyrs, and not only did they achieve their special privileges for other paramilitary prisoners, but they raised awareness a great deal and also got support. If none had died, and the prisoners had been force-fed, it is probable that not many people would have been made

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work