• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Berlin such a trouble spot in the period 1945 - 1963?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Berlin such a trouble spot in the period 1945 - 1963? After the end of WWII the victorious powers decided to split defeated Germany into four occupied zones, British, French, American and Russian. However Britain, France and America felt that having Berlin, Germany's capital, in the Soviet zone would give Stalin too much power, so Berlin was also split into four zones. Stalin felt this was unfair, as there were no Soviet troops in the other zones, yet from their zones in Berlin the British, French and Americans could easily keep an eye on what was happening in the Soviet zone. This suggested, even early on, that their was going to be conflict over Berlin, as the East and the West felt differently about the West's right to be there. Part of the reason the Western powers wanted to be in Berlin in the first place was that they knew how Stalin's intentions towards Germany differed from their own. Whilst the West intended to build Germany up and make it prosperous once again, the USSR still saw it as a threat and wanted to make sure that Germany was never again in a position to invade Russia. ...read more.


These thoughts prompted him to begin the Berlin blockade, which meant that he closed the rail, road and canal routes between West Germany and West Berlin, stopping all traffic. The Allies responded by flying supplies into Berlin, as they were not willing to allow Communism to spread any further. They believed, correctly, that Stalin would not be willing to risk war by shooting down their planes, and in May 1949 Stalin called off the blockade. However the Berlin Blockade was very significant as it created further divisions between the East and the West, and prevented the possibility of a united Germany. There was such aggression over Berlin in particular because it was the most important city in Germany, and particularly East Germany, and both the Eastern and the Western powers felt that having control of it would show them to be more powerful than the other. It would also give them more influence over the rest of Germany, allowing them to spread their ideology. The Berlin Blockade represented the huge power struggle going on between the USA and the USSR, and Berlin was a particular trouble spot because it was the area in which they both had control, yet neither was very willing to accept the other. ...read more.


Britain and the USA refused to recognise East Germany, as that would defeat their aim of an eventually united Germany. The USSR demanded in 1958 that Britain and America recognise the state of East Germany, but they refused. Kruschev knew that he wanted to stop the people of East Berlin fleeing, and he resented having to share a city with the people whom he was participating in a Cold War against. This led, in 1961, to hundreds of workmen constructing a wall between the East and West sides of Berlin. Kruschev had decided that a physical solution was the answer to the problems of Berlin, the problems of conflicting political situations living side by side. In conclusion, Berlin was such a trouble-spot in the period 1945 to 1963 because it was the one place where the two main countries involved in the Cold War both had a great deal of influence. The city was strongly divided and the situations in the East and West were vastly different. The USA and the USSR had clashing ideologies and opinions over how to treat Germany, and placed side by side these were basically in direct competition, which could only lead to conflict. Lula Teunissen, 11H 07/05/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    These examples show other people breaking up the USSR. However some of these points can be debated. The declarations of sovereignty were not calls for independence and that those which were received were mainly isolated, such as the Baltic Republics.

  2. Why did relations between the USA and the USSR change in the peroid from ...

    In the end, 17 countries received a total of US$13.75 billion, which allowed them to recover from the war much more quickly than the countries of Eastern Europe. Both of these policies defined would equal out to be 'Containment' this means overall to stop the rapid spread of communism and

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    A quote to show the determination of the Palestinians is from a Hamas supporter named Iyad. He says, "We will and overcome everything. If need be, we won't eat anymore but we won't give way". This quote he said, in the defence of his beloved Hamas.

  2. Discuss the reasons why Germany was central to Cold War rivalry between 1945 and ...

    He felt the setting up of the central administration would lead to a new capitalist and aggressive Germany. Revisionist say this is what Russia wanted to avoid, another invasion, if Germany was to become capitalist then Russia would almost have certainly faced another invasion in the not to distant future.

  1. Deng and the Gang of Four

    They were also concerned about the social controls that the Communist Party of China still had. This group had also seen the political liberalisation that had been undertaken by Mikhail Gorbachev, so they had been hoping for comparable reform. Many workers who took part in the protests also wanted democratic reform, but opposed the new economic policies.

  2. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    The Russian winter was a key element in Russian victory, for several reasons. For one, the Germans fought a lot worse in the winter as they were not used to coping with it, and nor was their equipment; -40�C was cold enough to freeze the diesel in their vehicles, and

  1. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    100 MX missiles 2. 100 B-1 supersonic bombers 3. Stealth bomber that would be invisible to a radar 4. Strengthening of military communications 5. Development of the neutron bomb (killed people but did not damage property) Relations worsened as a result Reagan believed he could win a limited war (Nuclear Utilization Target Selection ? NUTS).

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    played by out on firegn shores - crucial moment in Cold War's development The Cuban Missile Crisis Nature - Cuba was under the rule of corrupt Batista government who was supported by the US - 1st of January 1959 - Fidel Castro & Che Guevara revolution - Castro takeover -->

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work