• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917? Choose any one reason from the list and explain how it contributed to Lenin's rise to power? There are many factors to why Lenin came to power in 1917. Such as the mistakes that Kerensky's Provisional Government had made after the Tsar's abdication and the social and economic effects to Russia after World War 1. But I feel that one of the most significant is Tsar Nicholas II's personality and Style of Government. IN this question I will be talking about Tsar Nicholas II and his government. Tsar Nicholas II was born in 1868. He married to 'Alexandra of Hesse' (granddaughter of Queen of Victoria), of whom was German. Nicholas came to power after his father's death in 1896 but at first he did not want the role of leader of Russia and never did. As seen when he wrote to his son-in-law " What am I going to do? What is going to happen to me? I am not prepared to be Tsar. I never want to become one...' (this is) the worst thing that could happened to me, the thing I have been dreading all my life." But like his father and grandfather he could image any other form of government for Russia than Autocracy. Which meant that an individual with unrestricted authority rules the government. Nicholas had already failed to realize that the passing of time would mean some change would be necessary in the way that Russia was governed. Excellent as such qualities are in an ordinary person, they were not enough for the ruler of an autocracy. Nicholas found day-to-day work of governing Russia extremely boring and he could not stand reading reports or attending long meetings with his ministers. Many of his ministers would complain that Nicholas would seem to agree with suggestions at the time but if anyone got to him after he would change his mind. ...read more.


Then all I want is sleep, sleep forever on your shoulder, in your embrace..." you can see why people grew to dislike him. Stolypin ordered the Okhrana to watch Rasputin to protect the Tsar. But while he was collecting evidence to discredit Rasputin, a police informer of the Okhrana shot Stolypin during an opera performance in September 1911. Rasputin and Alexandra's relationship was still going on behind the Tsar's back but everyone knew except the Tsar himself. After the death of Stolypin, the First World War started. Russia had five million men in their army. This was bigger than Germany's and Austria-Hungary put together. But the problem was that the soldiers were underfed, had no weapons and no boots. By December 1914 the army had over a million men dead. The situation got worse with defeats in 1915. The Russian army was on the verge of collapse. So Nicholas decided to take personal command of the army. This was a fatal mistake for several reasons. To begin with he was not a good commander, his people would blame him personally for failure. Finally he left the Tsarina and Rasputin in full command of Russia back in St. Petersburg. The people did not trust the Tsarina because she was German and Rasputin was seen as an evil influence on government. The Tsarina made many bad decisions, which Rasputin had put he up to. Such as dismissing ministers replacing them with hopeless ones. In December 1916, some aristocrats murdered Rasputin, but the damage had already been done. Economic chaos at and the military disaster in the war had spelt end for the Tsarist regime. Lenin knew this and was able to increase his party popularity all he needed was a revolution to happen. Finally the Revolution was triggered by cold weather, St. Petersburg and 340,000 soldiers protected the Tsarina. They were stationed in overcrowd barracks in and around the city. ...read more.


Combined this with the devastation and desperation brought on shortly by World War 1, the Russian public lost confidence in the Tsar and his Government. This lead to political groups being formed against the Tsar and each one did not get on with another. Liberal constitutionalists wanted to remove the Tsar and form a republic; the Social revolution tried to promote a peasant revolution. The Marxists promoted a revolution among the proletariat or urban working class. The Russian public was fed up with their Government's state of affairs and ready for change. This Change was presented in the form of Lenin. Lenin was a superb speaker; he would hold audiences at rapt attention with his powerful speeches. People became convinced of his socialist views. Lenin formed his own party, they were called the Bolsheviks and unlike the other parties Lenin limited membership to a small number of full-time revolutionaries. During World War 1 Tsar Nicholas II remained totally focus on winning the war and did not hesitate before committing more men and supplies to the War effort. But the Russian public was already losing faith in him. They were starving of hunger because trains that supplied food could not deliver food to the peasants at war and in inner cities. While this was all going on Lenin was making his way up; he was getting more people on his side. Finally the Russian public and his army went against him and the Tsar had to abdicate the throne in February of 1917. He left a weak government behind, which was run by Soviet Councils. Their leader was Alexandra Kerensky. The government was called the Provisional Government, and they failed to make deadlines and lost a lot of support. In November Kerensky asked Lenin and his Bolsheviks, with help on arming Petrograd. Lenin used this to overthrown the Provisional Government in October 1917. I feel that without the Tsar abdicating that Lenin would not of been able to seize power from the Provisional Government and the Kornilov Affair. Without the Tsar Nicholas abdicating none of the Revolutions would have been able to happen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    but as soon as his army regained control he ignored the Duma. Although, Nicholas was able to survive as Tsar on a shoestring, the final blow came when the February revolution stirred. I have several sources telling the story of events, which led up to Nicholas abdicating the throne of Russia.

  2. What were the Causes of the October Revolution in Russia, 1917?

    the main factors to why there was a revolution in October 1917. However, the effects of the war and the role of the people as a mass also contributed to the revolution. The effects of the war were noticed economically as well as socially.

  1. Was the October Revolution inevitable

    This investment from overseas was key in understanding Russia's reluctance towards war. Prior to the October revolution the country was running on low resources and poor moral due to the Russo-Japanese war. Russia had been reluctantly drawn in to fighting against Germany and Austria-Hungary but after the assassination of

  2. Explain why the Bolsheviks were successful in October/ November 1917

    So Kornilov gathered troops together and marched on Petrograd, where he and his army were faced with those soldiers who had deserted Kornilov and a further 20,000 Red Guards. The Red Guards were a new force created by the workers of Petrograd to defend the city, and was built up

  1. What problems did Lenin face when he became leader of Russia, after the Bolshevik ...

    Why was Russia losing the war? Russia was having great difficulties in keeping up with the First World War. Russia had a lack of factories to produce munitions. The factories that did exist were very out dated and inefficient. This led to poor supply of weapons for the Russian army.

  2. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    Many peaceful protesters were injured or killed on what became known as 'Bloody Sunday'. Even though the Tsar did not give the order to fire on the crowd - he wasn't even at the palace - the incident still reflected badly on the Tsar and his regime.

  1. History Force essay. A specific individual and group, Lenin and the Bolsheviks ...

    By August membership grew from 20,000 in Feb to 200,000 by August. By September 1917, the Bolsheviks had full domination over the Petrograd Soviet. The Bolsheviks campaigned to increase their support among the people from April-October 1917. They campaigned with Lenin's slogan "Peace, bread and Land".

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    This highlights that Lenin was very prepared since he was ensuring that no one would abandon the plan; and they would have to put maximum effort into the revolution. Additionally, on October 10th, a meeting was held in which he tried to persuade twelve party leaders that a revolution was necessary.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work