• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was revolution in Russia considered by many to be inevitable in the years before World War One?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was revolution in Russia considered by many to be inevitable in the years before World War One? Russia's disastrous and humiliating defeat during World War One is widely seen as the final factor contributing to the explosive revolutions of 1917. Their ill-equipped and badly run armies stood no chance against the smaller yet highly organised German troops. The situation continued to deteriorate as soldiers incessantly charged to their deaths in the battle fields, and thousands starved in the cities and countryside. Although the failure of the war effort certainly provided the spark Lenin and others needed to finally seize power, many claim that revolution was inevitable even in the years leading up to 1914. By 1917 Russia had been run by the same dynasty, the Rominovs, for 304 years. The ruler of Russia, the Tsar, ruled by divine right and imposed an autocracy, a repressive system under which 95% of the population was effectively ignored and abused. The Tsar thus retained complete power and authority over all areas of life, including the Orthodox Church. ...read more.

Middle

Having been recently freed from slavery, these peasants lived in the utmost poverty owning small patches of land, (usually unworkable during the winter due to frost) and large debts. They were, for the most part illiterate which made it hard, if not impossible, for them to modernise their techniques. There was a rising discontent among these peasants, they began to long for a reform of the system as their love of the land was marred by stories of the relatively wealthy peasants of Western Europe. Russia's alliance with France in ?????? brought a sudden industrialisation preparing this huge country for the possibility of war. Huge industries and cheaply erected accommodation were built up almost over night as the Tsar anticipated the vast influx of workers into the cities. By the turn of the century, almost 20% of the population consisted of factory workers. Having migrated to the city under illusions of what the future would bring them, they laboured all day, every day, for horrifically low wages and little to no rights. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1900 therefore, Russia was not only behind in industry and agriculture compared to her allies, but also in her autocratic political system. Britain and France had both had their revolutions, having made the transition from absolutism to democracy over 100 years earlier. Russia, however, had yet to undergo this transition which many believed was essential for one's development. A second revolution seemed to be sweeping through Europe, not quite finding a country to settle in, a revolution based on an ideology, that of collectivism. Many determined revolutionists had arisen as a result of Europe's industrialisation which seemed to have been accompanied by the establishment of a new system based on exploitation and wealth, a system which came to be called capitalism. Socialist parties became popular in Europe and then in Russia. The Marxist ideology, based on the principle of total equality and aiming for the abolition of hierarchy within a society, seemed to have a strong hold in Russia where exploitation and inequality were taken to a new extreme. With the rising mistrust of the Tsar, support for these revolutionaries soared as people began to predict a collapse of the archaic regime, or at least a reformation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Stalin man or monster

    The facial expression of the defendants looks as though they are all happy and enjoying themselves. The words such as "sure ...of course" are extremely effective reflecting as though it was too obvious for them to be guilty. The words are in capitals and explanation marks also implement the sarcastic manner.

  2. Was the October Revolution inevitable

    Their had been considerable support (around 80,000 picketers) for this movement lead by George Gapon who witness the massacre that ensued at the hands of the Tsar and wrote 'a new chapter was opened in the book of history of our people' which signalled the 1905 revolution.

  1. The First World War

    great interest of four forces in weakening Russian Government and tsar power. Two of them are internal: bourgeoisie and working class; the next two are external: Germany and Antanta. Germany was interested to exclude Russia's participation in the war, Britain and France foreseeing near war finish wanted to have more agreeable and compliant partner while dividing contributions after victory.

  2. Why Was Russia Considered Backward in the Early 19th Century?

    The serfs also had no means of bettering themselves and moving up the social ladder. Only 4% of the expenditure was spent on education, so only the rich could afford education so the rich stayed rich and the poor stayed poor.

  1. Analyse Mao Zedong’s years in power.

    Mao decided that it was time to consolidate socialism and make it even stronger so he called for the "Great Leap Forward".

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    So , if engineers had altered their sewers earlier , their may have not been several cases for the physician . In addition to this , if the disease had been controlled through the source of the problem , it may have given physicians a chance to develop on their

  1. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    Decree on banking (all banks under Sovnarkom control) Decree on Marriage (Allowed easier divorces + non-religious weddings) Banned other parties and set up Political Police force (Cheka) Elections were held and the Bolsheviks lost but Lenin was ruthless and wanted to keep power to he cheated and destroyed the socialists.

  2. How far were things improving in Russia before the First World War?

    The main concerns of the capitalists, was the management of the economy. The activity and developments of new world industry were at the heart of making the Russian economy more efficient and start making it able to compete with other more economically efficient countries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work