• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the revolution of 1917 so successful?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why was the Revolution of 1917 successful? Most of the population in Russia during 20th century were peasants. These peasants lived in dreadful conditions and most worked as Serfs on nobles land. They had no rights, they were treated as slaves, and all lived in terrible poverty. They wanted change so desperately they revolted for the first time in 1905 and then again in 1917, at which Tsardom was finally overthrown. A hundred years ago, deep discontent was mounting in Europe's most conservative state. As an unpopular war with Japan led to a series of crushing military reverses, opposition was spreading across the Russian Empire to the autocratic dictatorship of the Tsar. Up to the end of the 19th century, Russia was an aristocracy. It was ruled by a Tsar, similar to a head of the monarchy in Britain back in the 1500s. He ruled as he liked. His will was the sole source of law, of taxation and justice. ...read more.

Middle

In September general strikes began and paralyzed Russian industry. Then revolutionaries such as Lenin and Trotsky returned from exile to join the growing revolutionary spirit. Yet the Tsar managed to keep control and he crushed the revolution by offering his people a Duma, free speech, the right to form political parties, and even financial help. And significantly, the police and the army stayed loyal to the Tsar. Anyone known to be against or plotting against the Tsar was put to death. The army-especially the Cossacks- were terrifying. People were so scared that they ended up supporting the Tsar; no one wanted to or dared to over-throw him. Police were ordered to arrest opponents of the Tsar's regime. So long as the army stayed on the Tsar's side, there would be no successful revolution and all the leaders of the 1905 attempted revolution were arrested and exiled. The is what was known as the 1905 'revolution' and though defeated, the uprising acted as a 'Dress Rehearsal' and was rich in lessons that fed into the strategy and tactics of the overthrow of the Tsar and lead directly to the successful seizure of power by the Soviets in 1917. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Tsar's best troops lay dead on the battlefield and so the soldiers in Russia were recent conscripts and had more in common with the strikers than their officers. The miserable conditions, coupled with 385,000 workers on strike in Petrograd, led to a combustible situation. "It was the lack of bread that provided the spark to light the dry tinder of revolution, in a city whose military garrison sided with the insurgents at the crucial moment (Kirby 245)." Fed up with the Tsarist regime, the workers, peasants, and soldiers rose up and demanded the redistribution of land. On February 28, 1917 Nicholas II abdicated his throne, tsarist forces surrendered, and the Tsar's ministers were arrested. This was to be the end of the last tsarist regime in Russia. Put in its place was the Provisional Government which consisted of a coalition of conservative, moderate, and liberal socialists. More specifically, the Provisional Government was made up of Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries. Aleksandr F. Kerensky, the minister of justice, was one of the key people of the Provisional Government. This became known as the "1917 Russian Revolution". By Cara James 10T ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    was made by opposition to the Tsar and was designed to show a distorted view on how much control Rasputin had over the Tsar and the Tsarina. Source H was written to be a historically accurate account of the relationship between the Tsars and Rasputin.

  2. How Significant Was Leon Trotsky's Role In the October/November Russian Revolution In 1917

    Analysis The events that lead to the overthrow of the Provisional Government were not spontaneous but carefully plotted and staged by a tightly organized conspiracy. The capture of the government was the archetypal model of revolution, carried out, with a show of mass participation, but hardly any mass involvement.13

  1. Many causes could lead to a revolution. In 1917, there were two distinct Revolutions ...

    The second cause, a logical consequence of the first, was the growing conviction of the workers and peasants that their problems could be solved only by the soviets, a conviction that was decisively molded by Bolshevik propaganda following the April arrival in Petrograd of Lenin.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    This was a crucial moment and a very important reason as to how the Bolsheviks managed to take power. With the army's support, the Tsar was strong. Without it, he was gone and Tsarist Russia had fallen. The revolution marched to the Duma demanding they take over the government; the

  1. Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution ...

    Russia also had the absence of an effective banking system. Hardly any money was spent on reforms which were needed, and 45% of government expenditure was spent on the army and navy. Government officials who took care of law, civil administration, police and the malitia used it for their own convenience.

  2. Why was there a successful revolution in February 1917 in Russia?

    The tsarist regime was resist to change and the repression of the tsarist system like the Okhrana (secret police) caused many people to think about the system. The effects of the war generally the main reason why there was a revolution in 1917.

  1. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    The French in addition had contributed to scientific research in internationally , including England and were significant contributors to the Public Health Acts . The Public Health Acts had also included every citizen , no matter what status , to have fresh water pumped to their house for a small

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    This can be why Liberals argue that the situation and period when Lenin was building the Bolshevik Party could only be advantageous to him. Not only the autocracy but also Nicholas II?s personality played a role into Lenin?s gradual success.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work