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Why was there a second Revolution in 1917?

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Introduction

Why was there a second Revolution in 1917? Russia, the land where the sun rises in the Far East and at the same time in the west, was governed by an indecisive Emperor, called Nicholas II. Starting from of the 19th century, Russia and its 125 million population had to face autocracy, terrorism and serfdom as there sauce for there daily bread. Russia had two revolutions, which were caused by different reasons. The first revolution happened in March 1917; where millions of people went on strikes all over due to the food shortages and the long working hours with little wages, while peasants had no control over their lands. The Tsar was then blamed for making Russia lose the First World War. The political status in Russia wasn't good enough, due to ignorance towards the Duma, from the Russian population. When the Tsar decided to Command in the erupted war, he left behind his wife named Alexandra in-charge of the Government, but unfortunately she had neither skills nor the experience to run a country. Alexandra relied mainly on Rasputin who altogether fired 21 ministers and worsened both the Image of Nicholas and Alexandra, bringing the government in disordered situation. ...read more.

Middle

Already the provisional government had made mistakes with these problems, not dealing at the right time and way. Due to misguided decisions, the Provisional Government lost control over an important fraction of the Russian Empire; the army. The army discontent was another problem that should have been dealt with, in a serious manner, by the government. Not dealing with this problem lead General Kornilov starting a revolt and make the Prime Minister allow the Bolsheviks (the party which soon would overthrow the Provisional Government) to establish a defence force called the 'Red Guards'. This shows the how desperate and weak the Provisional Government were at time to make the decision. The problem would soon grow much larger until soldiers ended up deserting the army. The Capitalists (Middle Class) who made money from banking, industry and trade received support by the Finance Minister Sergei Witte who had made it easier for them to make big profits. The Finance Minister's aim was to speed up the Industrialization of Russia. Like the Capitalists who received support from the Government, the peasants were seeking for the same idea. ...read more.

Conclusion

In my opinion the main problems could have been stopped by with drawing from the war and then being able to look further into the outer problems that would probably have grown smaller as the war ended. The war was the main cause of the problems of food shortage and was one of the causes of soldier discontent. So already by leaving the war two big problems would have been solved. The introduction of the Soviet didn't help both seeing as they cooperated with the Bolsheviks and would help the revolution. Another fatal mistake that truly brought about the revolution was allowing freedom to organize and freedom of speech by no having allowed it they could have prevented Lenin from entering the country and becoming recognised. The Tsar although he was overthrown managed to stay longer in power because of oppressing rebellion and making it totally out of the question. The main problem in all of these problems though was the Government who didn't have the skills to rule and in the end was obviously shown. Overall the main reason that there was a second revolution in Russia was the Provisional Government decided to continue with the war, including that the Provisional Government had clear aims which brought hunger, humiliation and ended with making the Bolsheviks stronger and the army. ...read more.

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