• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a second Revolution in 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why was there a second Revolution in 1917? Russia, the land where the sun rises in the Far East and at the same time in the west, was governed by an indecisive Emperor, called Nicholas II. Starting from of the 19th century, Russia and its 125 million population had to face autocracy, terrorism and serfdom as there sauce for there daily bread. Russia had two revolutions, which were caused by different reasons. The first revolution happened in March 1917; where millions of people went on strikes all over due to the food shortages and the long working hours with little wages, while peasants had no control over their lands. The Tsar was then blamed for making Russia lose the First World War. The political status in Russia wasn't good enough, due to ignorance towards the Duma, from the Russian population. When the Tsar decided to Command in the erupted war, he left behind his wife named Alexandra in-charge of the Government, but unfortunately she had neither skills nor the experience to run a country. Alexandra relied mainly on Rasputin who altogether fired 21 ministers and worsened both the Image of Nicholas and Alexandra, bringing the government in disordered situation. ...read more.


Already the provisional government had made mistakes with these problems, not dealing at the right time and way. Due to misguided decisions, the Provisional Government lost control over an important fraction of the Russian Empire; the army. The army discontent was another problem that should have been dealt with, in a serious manner, by the government. Not dealing with this problem lead General Kornilov starting a revolt and make the Prime Minister allow the Bolsheviks (the party which soon would overthrow the Provisional Government) to establish a defence force called the 'Red Guards'. This shows the how desperate and weak the Provisional Government were at time to make the decision. The problem would soon grow much larger until soldiers ended up deserting the army. The Capitalists (Middle Class) who made money from banking, industry and trade received support by the Finance Minister Sergei Witte who had made it easier for them to make big profits. The Finance Minister's aim was to speed up the Industrialization of Russia. Like the Capitalists who received support from the Government, the peasants were seeking for the same idea. ...read more.


In my opinion the main problems could have been stopped by with drawing from the war and then being able to look further into the outer problems that would probably have grown smaller as the war ended. The war was the main cause of the problems of food shortage and was one of the causes of soldier discontent. So already by leaving the war two big problems would have been solved. The introduction of the Soviet didn't help both seeing as they cooperated with the Bolsheviks and would help the revolution. Another fatal mistake that truly brought about the revolution was allowing freedom to organize and freedom of speech by no having allowed it they could have prevented Lenin from entering the country and becoming recognised. The Tsar although he was overthrown managed to stay longer in power because of oppressing rebellion and making it totally out of the question. The main problem in all of these problems though was the Government who didn't have the skills to rule and in the end was obviously shown. Overall the main reason that there was a second revolution in Russia was the Provisional Government decided to continue with the war, including that the Provisional Government had clear aims which brought hunger, humiliation and ended with making the Bolsheviks stronger and the army. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    Another positive result of the outbreak of war was that the Tsar learnt how to work with the Duma. Able people from the Duma began to be appointed to important posts. However, the war did more bad than good. Enthusiasm for the war did not last for very long for

  2. Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

    First and most important no steps were taken to end the war. After the February Revolution many men had left the army, which lead the Provisional Government to a Military Failure in July. Then the Provisional Government told Russia that the elections would now be moving to November.

  1. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    but Stolypin wanted to get the peasants to farm for the big cities like St Petersburg and Moscow. The way in which he went in trying to make these changes was by terrorising them. All though Stolypin tried by 1914 most peasants were still strip farming which meant that people

  2. Stalin and Lenin

    opposed him, they were held in Moscow and were filmed at times to show in other parts of Russia so they can receive the same message, the great purges had affected Russian as they constantly lived in fear that they would be arrested tortured or shot, over 10 million people

  1. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    He used a 'carrot' and 'stick' approach to solve Russia's problems, which involved crashing down hard on opponents, but rewarding and 'winning over' the peasants by offering them land. The actual living conditions however did remain the same. There was impressive economic growth but wages stayed low and the cost of living remained very high.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    (Liebman, op. cit. p. 206.) We will give the last word on this subject to a prominent opponent of Bolshevism, who was also an eye witness and historian of the Russian Revolution, the Menshevik Sukhanov. Describing the situation in the last days of September, he writes: "The Bolsheviks were working stubbornly and without let-up.

  1. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    and all government ministers and army had to answer directly to him. According to Ben Walsh in GCSE Modern World History on page 82, "These Laws agreed to the existence of the duma, but they put so many limitations on its powers that it could do virtually nothing."

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    of Bolshevik propaganda he said ?The situation is critical in the extreme. In fact, it is now absolutely clear that to delay the uprising would be fatal?. Conclusively, Lenin was confident in his preparations to position the Bolsheviks at their optimum condition.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work