• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was there a successful revolution in Russia in February 1917?

Extracts from this document...


Why was there a successful revolution in Russia in February 1917? In February 1917 there was a revolution in Russia, which consequently ended Tsar Nicholas II's reign in Russia. The Great War acted as a catalyst to the revolution, but there were other long and short term causes, which lead to the Russian revolution. The personality of Tsar Nicholas II was clearly a factor that contributed to the Russian Revolution. Often described as charming but weak, Nicholas believed firmly in a system of autocracy-rule by one person, the Tsar. The Tsar, supported by aristocracy, exercised his power through a bureaucracy (government administrators), the army, the secret police and the Russian Orthodox Church, collectively referred to the 'pillars of Tsarism.' ...read more.


The rest comprised a wide range of assorted national groups, which included Poles, Finns, Ukrainians, White Russians and the privileges. These did not want to be a part of Tsarist Russia and wanted freedom so these pose big threat to the Tsar along with the peasants who made up 80% of the population and ran the industrial side of Russia. The Great War caused economic dislocation, which caused major shortages in cities, on food and fuel. There was a low morale in the army after the defeat at Tannenburg by the Germans and there was a short supply of weapons for the army. Therefore, the workers were paid less, as the money was needed for the war effort. This caused strikes and protests by the protests that took up 80% of Russia's population. ...read more.


The Tsar had lost the backing of his own supporters and under pressure from the army leaders, who were sick of the lack of progress in the war, Nicholas was persuaded to abdicate. The throne was offered to his brother who declined and the Romanov dynasty came to an end. The end of the Tsarist regime had not been brought about by actions of revolutionary groups; it had collapsed rather than it had been overthrown. The long-term weaknesses evident in the regime had made it vulnerable to the additional strains imposed by the First World War. When, in February 1917, the regime was under severe pressure it found that its won supporters were no longer willing to save a government they had lost faith in. This led to the rise of the Bolsheviks. Danny Mitton AS History ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    Revolution was inevitable in Russia by 1917. The February Revolution began on the 23rd February 1917 (Old Style), event leading on from this eventually led to Tsar Nicholas II abdicating in favour of his younger brother the Grand Duke Michael on 2 March.

  2. The fall of Tsarism in Russia.

    However the worst statistic was from June to September 1916 when the Brusilov Offensive took place and Russia lost a further one million men. Source E illustrates that the supporters of the Tsar have come from an elite class because they are mounted soldiers.

  1. Why was there a successful revolution in February 1917 in Russia?

    The tsarist regime was resist to change and the repression of the tsarist system like the Okhrana (secret police) caused many people to think about the system. The effects of the war generally the main reason why there was a revolution in 1917.

  2. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    ; I wrote to you that he did not want so-and-so appointed as a minister, but you have done so. This is what you always do.' This shows that the Tsarina is affected by Rasputin, as she seems annoyed when the Tsar doesn't do what Rasputin advises.

  1. Explain why there was an Industrial Revolution

    It was as easy to go bust financing a new invention, as it was to make profits. One great inventor who was successful in building an invention was Richard Arkwight; his invention meant he profited greatly so Arkwight was able to put money backing the industry and assist in it's growth.

  2. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    Rasputin was even further disliked and regarded as "an evil influence of the government," Welsh, page 84. According to Steve Phillips in Lenin and the Russian Revolution "The war played a crucial role in the radicalization of both the industrial workers and the peasants."

  1. How successful were Stalin's economic policies in the 1920s and 30s?

    We must make good this lag in ten years. Either we do it, or they crush us!" Stalin on February 4th 1931. Stalin had started the progress of collectivisation two years previously but here there the message was that Russia was being threatened on two fronts. In the east Japan was becoming a less than peaceful nation whilst in

  2. The February Revolution 1917.

    Looking at the large amount of protestors it shows an idea of growing unrest. It shows that the state of the Russian people is extremely volatile and on the boiling point of revolution this being said because, back then the average women would be in her home doing the daily

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work