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Why was there a successful revolution in Russia in February 1917?

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Introduction

Why was there a successful revolution in Russia in February 1917? In February 1917 there was a revolution in Russia, which consequently ended Tsar Nicholas II's reign in Russia. The Great War acted as a catalyst to the revolution, but there were other long and short term causes, which lead to the Russian revolution. The personality of Tsar Nicholas II was clearly a factor that contributed to the Russian Revolution. Often described as charming but weak, Nicholas believed firmly in a system of autocracy-rule by one person, the Tsar. The Tsar, supported by aristocracy, exercised his power through a bureaucracy (government administrators), the army, the secret police and the Russian Orthodox Church, collectively referred to the 'pillars of Tsarism.' ...read more.

Middle

The rest comprised a wide range of assorted national groups, which included Poles, Finns, Ukrainians, White Russians and the privileges. These did not want to be a part of Tsarist Russia and wanted freedom so these pose big threat to the Tsar along with the peasants who made up 80% of the population and ran the industrial side of Russia. The Great War caused economic dislocation, which caused major shortages in cities, on food and fuel. There was a low morale in the army after the defeat at Tannenburg by the Germans and there was a short supply of weapons for the army. Therefore, the workers were paid less, as the money was needed for the war effort. This caused strikes and protests by the protests that took up 80% of Russia's population. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Tsar had lost the backing of his own supporters and under pressure from the army leaders, who were sick of the lack of progress in the war, Nicholas was persuaded to abdicate. The throne was offered to his brother who declined and the Romanov dynasty came to an end. The end of the Tsarist regime had not been brought about by actions of revolutionary groups; it had collapsed rather than it had been overthrown. The long-term weaknesses evident in the regime had made it vulnerable to the additional strains imposed by the First World War. When, in February 1917, the regime was under severe pressure it found that its won supporters were no longer willing to save a government they had lost faith in. This led to the rise of the Bolsheviks. Danny Mitton AS History ...read more.

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