• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Would you consider that the Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a fair treatment? Justify your view. (1990)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Wong Sin Hang??? 7A1 St. Gloria College 1995-96 Would you consider that the Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a fair treatment? Justify your view. (1990) It is true to say that the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was a fair treatment on the side of some victorious powers because they got many national interests and only Germany, which was the major defeated country, accepted punishments. However, on the viewpoint of the defeated, it was a harsh and unfair treatment. Even some of the victorious countries, like China, Italy and Russia, as well as the USA regarded it as an unfair treatment. After the First World War, the Powers held the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. However, all the defeated countries and Russia were not invited and the Conference was dominated by President Wilson??? of the USA; Clemenceau????, Prime Minister of France; Lloyd George??�??, Prime Minister of Britain, i.e. the 'Big Three'. Among them, Clemenceau wanted to have revenge on Germany and weaken Germany as far as possible. In this Conference, the most important treaty was the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 with Germany. ...read more.

Middle

First of all, it helped the spread of nationalism and liberalism. Because of the principle of national self-determination, many new states were created. Besides, most new states and defeated countries became liberal republics. Moreover, the League of Nations created many humanitarian organs, e.g. Red Cross, World Health Organization and International Labour Organization. On the other side, it had its demerits. Firstly, the new states were too weak and unable to solve post-war problems and easy to be invaded by aggressors, e.g. Sudetenland??? by Hitler in 1939. Secondly, because of no invitation of the defeated countries and Russia to the Conference, it made them discontented and worsened the relationship between the western Powers and them. For example, Stalin of Russia never recognized the loss of the three Baltic States in the Versailles Treaty. Hitler in 1935-36 even ordered conscription, occupation of the Rhine, built up air forces, in 1938 annexed Austria, in 1939 annexed the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia and invaded Poland, which were all deliberate violations of the Versailles Treaty. Moreover, it also had effects upon the subsequent development of Italy and Japan. ...read more.

Conclusion

This absence of the US made the Versailles Treaty liable to be violated, as France and Britain were declining. No superpower was able to contain Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin. So, it is true to say that the Versailles Treaty sowed the seed of World War II. Lastly, it did not arrange methods to deal with the problem of economic recovery of Europe. The Powers only made the defeated countries pay indemnities. Thus, these countries were facing economic hardship in the 1920s and the whole of Europe was economically weak and unstable. After that, they could hardly survive the challenges of the Great Depression in the 1930s. Only the Soviet Union was not affected by the Great Depression. All in all, the Versailles Treaty solved some problems brought about by the First World War but actually it created more problems which partly led to the outbreak of the Second World War. So, on the side on some victorious countries that had got national interests, they would think that the Versailles Treaty was a fair treatment. On the other hand, the defeated countries and Russia were dissatisfied with this treatment. Besides, even some victorious countries like China, the USA and Italy felt discontented with this treatment although this treaty was directly or indirectly related to them. 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    destruction, they decided to blame Germany this was probably not because Germany had actually started the war, it was probably because Germany was the strongest country in the triple alliance, and therefore the Germans would be able to pay the most to the allies, and the allies could then take advantage of the money, and grow richer.

  2. How fair was the treaty of Versailles?

    be re-drawn so that each nationality should live within its own borders which meant, independent of foreign powers and with its own form of its government. However they had to think that the country had sensible, borders for purposes of defense, trade, and economic stability.

  1. The Treaty of Versailles created more problems than it solved. Discuss.

    policy of reducing Germany to servitude for a generation, of degrading lives of millions of human beings...should be abhorrent and detestable."2 Keynes proved undoubtedly right about reparations, even though the figure demanded by the allies was less than the French wanted - 132,000 million Gold Marks.3 From the very outset the idea of reparations was complex and problem ridden.

  2. How Far Was The Treaty Of Versailles Fair?

    France was also glad that Rhineland had been demilitarized, even though they did not gain Rhineland itself as they had hoped. No German forces were allowed to occupy any part of the area - this then meant that Germany could not launch any invasion upon France, and if they were

  1. WHY WAS GERMANY SO DISCONTENTED WITH THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

    This automatically ignited hatred against the Treaty. To link in with this point, Germany was told it was not allowed many representatives inside the Paris Peace Conference so understandably, they felt their view was not heard and described the Treaty as a 'Diktat' (dictated unto them).

  2. Was the Treaty of Versailles Fair In Its Treatment of Germany?

    Lloyd-George demanded the whole cost of the war in reparations. He didn't see this as selfish because he felt that Germany had started the war, therefore they should pay the price of defeat. At the same time, there was no wish to destroy Germany, she was an important trading partner

  1. how fair was the treaty of versailles

    putting forward his fourteen points which he hoped would cause peace and self determination. Territorial Changes There were many territorial changes included in the treaty. I am going to analyse the fair points and unfair points of the treaty. Alsace and Lorraine was returned to France.

  2. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created problems for Germany between 1919-24.

    They invaded Germany and occupied the richest industrial area, the Ruhr Valley. Within 5 days there were five French divisions and one Belgian division in the Ruhr. They took over coalmines, railways, factories and steel works. They set up machine gun posts overlooking town squares.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work