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WW1 and Changes In Weapons Technology.

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Introduction

´╗┐Wills Rance 8A2/8F December2010 Technology and World War One There were many technological advances in the First World War. Some of these advances were; Poison Gas, The Tank, Improvements to the Aeroplane, Portable Machine gun, the Hand Grenade. These advances made war fare a lot bloodier and battles drag on for longer as both sides were forced into a stale-mate. For instance, 100 years before, in the Battle of Waterloo which lasted for 3 days, out of 72,000 French soldiers 48,000 were killed, wounded, captured or missing and out of 118,000 Anglo and Prussian troops 25000 were killed, wounded, captured or missing. In the Battle of The Somme which lasted 144 days and took place 100 year after the Battle of Waterloo out of 1,000,000 French troops that took part in battle 220,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured or missing. Out of 1,000,000 British Troops that took part 420,000 were killed, wounded, captured or missing. The worst suffering army was the German army. Out of 1,000,000 German troops that were involved nearly 500,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured or missing. ...read more.

Middle

Originally there had been fifty of these machines but these thirty ton machines could not cope with the harsh lunar landscape of the churned up ground and fourteen had broken down or got bogged down. Tanks were used. Many German troops ran at the sight of the tank, it spread fear amongst the ranks in the Trenches. The first Tank offensive had been successful in the fact that they had scared the Germans, and that they had not been disabled immediately. As a trial though some were disappointed. Concerns that were raised included the fact that the view slits were too thin to be able to see much while moving, and they were targets for enemy gunshot; and the exhaust made too much noise and the heat could have set alight the fuel tank. A further issue raised was the amount of mud that found its way into the treads causing them to block up. Also after the initial fear of the Tank had gone they started to become easy targets to German artillery as they were often bogged down in the mud. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless the successful use of tanks at Cambrai restored dwindling faith in tank development. The U.S. army took note and undertook development of its own tank series. I think that the tank was not a success in World War One, but overall it has been a great success in the development of it. Today the Tank is one of the most effective weapons if used correctly. They now have bigger fuel tanks, better engines and better working conditions for their crew inside. Overall I think the tank has been a great success as it is now a very effective weapon. The Hand Grenade The second advance in World War One technology I have chose to talk to you about is the Hand Grenade. Early in World War I, both sides only had small grenades of a pre-war design. For example, in Italy, the Besozzi grenade had a five-second fuse with a match-tip that was ignited by striking on a ring on the soldier's hand. As an interim measure, the troops often improvised their own, such as the Jam Tin Grenade. These were replaced when manufactured versions such as the Mills bomb, the first modern fragmentation grenade, became available to British front-line troops. ...read more.

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